Art and architecture often go hand in hand. While most times architecture is derived from various forms of art, artists often draw inspiration from existing architecture as well. The Italian frescoes from the earlier centuries are directly inspired by the marble columns of buildings. The famous St Peter’s basilica was designed by the famous artist Michelangelo, who also created sculptures. Many architects start their journey exploring visual art before they learn the language of architecture. What makes a renowned artist? A unique characteristic style of art, use of interesting and varied mediums, and choice of subjects. Here are 20 famous artists that all architects must know about.
1. Andy Warhol
He was an American artist and a leading figure in the visual art category called pop art. Along with being an artist of varied mediums, he was a film director and producer. He has worked in mediums such as silk-screening, painting, photography, sculpture, and film.
2. Claude Oscar Monet
He was a French painter and the founder of French impressionist painting. He has painted many architectural elements such as bridges, seaside houses, cottages, and even a palace; beautifully.
3. Karl Gustav Rodde
He was a German artist who predominantly worked along the lines of the Romanticism art movement. He painted buildings and villages in Europe. His style of detailed and realistic paintings where nature in the background accurately sets the context for the buildings is to be noted.
4. Gustave Caillebotte
He was a member of the Impressionists group in France. His specialty was that he painted more realistically than any of his contemporaries. He has painted several urban spaces.
5. Pierre Auguste Renoir
He was a pioneer in the Impressionist art movement in France. Although his paintings mostly consist of portraits of people, he has painted some detailed urban scenes.
6. Giovanni Antonio Canal
He was an Italian painter from Venice, commonly known as Canaletto. His paintings mostly included city views, architectural paintings, and urban views. He used the etching technique and became one of the important printers of the time.
7. Zaha Hadid
Popularly known as the “Queen of the curve”, she is the first woman recipient of many international and prestigious awards. While her architecture speaks volumes, she has contributed to the art world as well.
8. S. H. Raza
He was an Indian painter who lived and worked in France. His paintings are of the abstract style and depict interesting yet simple patterns. His earlier works feature landscapes and townscapes and he painted landscapes of the mind later on.
9. Paresh Maity
He is a painter, sculptor, film-maker, and photographer. His earlier works included atmospheric scenery and representation of human forms. His recent work consists of bold and striking paintings.
10. Subodh Gupta
He is a contemporary artist in Delhi. His works mainly consist of sculptures and installations drawn from common daily items such as pots from the kitchen and milk pails.
11. Akbar Padamsee
He was one of the contemporaries of famous artists like M.F Hussein and S.H Raza. He was one of the pioneers in modern Indian painting. He is known for using varied mediums for his art such as oil painting, plastic emulsion, watercolor, sculpture, printmaking, computer graphics, and photography.
12. Pieter Bruegel the Elder
He was the most significant Dutch artist and a painter and printmaker. He was widely known for his paintings of urban-scape and people.
13. Edwin Lord Weeks
He was an American artist and painter, mostly known for his oriental works. He spent a lot of time painting Indian cities.
14. Grant Wood
He was an American painter mostly known for his paintings that depicted the rural American Midwest. He has painted farmland scenes and landscapes.
15. Antonietta Brandeis
She was an Italian artist who was known for her landscape, genre, and portrait painter. Her architectural paintings have many beautiful details. She has mostly painted structures adjacent to water bodies.
16. Santiago Calatrava
He is a Spanish architect, sculptor, structural engineer, and painter, mostly known for his architectural structures. He has created various sculptural forms that are organic and interesting.
17. Elyn Zimmerman
She is an American sculpture artist. She emphasizes on large scale environmental art projects.
18. William Mitchell
He was an English artist, sculptor, and designer. Large scale concrete murals and artworks in public are his characteristic style.
19. Edoardo Tresoldi
He is an Italian sculptor known for his architectural sculptures. The medium he uses is almost transparent wire mesh. The structures often appear as blur optical illusions.
20. James McNabb
He is a sculptor who works with wood as the medium. He creates detailed architectural wooden sculptures. He mostly works with skylines and urban cityscapes in a circular pattern.