Architecture is a journey of discovery whether it’s innovation in technology or innovation in construction materials. Many of the architecture we see today, was built before the 20th century, and these structures tell a very different story. 

Here are 10 Influential architects from the 19th century

1. Eliel Gottlieb Saarinen  | 19th Century Architecture

Eliel Gottlieb Saarinen was a Finnish-American architect who impacted modern architecture in the United States, especially the design of churches and skyscrapers. In 1923, He turned into the leading designer of his age in Finland before moving to the United State with his notable works that are Helsinki railroad station, the National Museum of Finland in Helsinki, and urban planning ventures for Reval Estonia, and Canberra, Australia. Practicing in Finland for a long time, he previously entrenched a global character dependent on his National Romantic and Jugendstil-inspired architecture. The second period of Eliel Saarinen’s career started when he moved to the United States in 1923, after setting second the 1922 Chicago Tribune Tower rivalry. In this period, his city arranging and Art Deco structures resounded through American urban communities in the main portion of the twentieth century. His son Eero Saarinen was additionally a celebrated American architect.

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National Museum of Finland ©archdaily


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Helsinki Central Railway Station ©archdaily

2. Louis Henry Sullivan 

Louis Sullivan was an eminent American architect viewed as the father of skyscrapers and modernism. Frank Lloyd Wright apprenticed for a long time with Sullivan. His best-known work includes the Auditorium Building, Chicago; the Guaranty Building, Buffalo, New York (presently Prudential Building); and the Wainwright Building, St. Louis, Missouri.  In free practice from 1895, Sullivan structured the Schlesinger and Mayer retail chain (presently known as the Sullivan Center) in Chicago. His Autobiography was distributed without further ado before he kicked the bucket.

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Wainwright building; ©Wikipedia
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Prudential building; ©Wikipedia

3. Walter Adolph Georg Gropius 

Walter Gropius was an esteemed German architect and the founder of the German art school the Bauhaus. Among his most significant thoughts was his conviction that all structure regardless of whether of a city, a structure, or a chair ought to be approached similarly: through a methodical study of the specific needs and issues included, considering current development materials and procedures, without reference to past structures or styles. In 1908, he joined the studio of eminent German architect Peter Behrens, where he worked with Le Corbusier and Mies van der Rohe. He and Adolf Meyer structured the Fagus Factory, a glass and steel cubic structure which spearheaded modern architecture. The Bauhaus in Dessau was planned in 1925 by Gropius, who refined his lessons into design components of the structure. While educating at Harvard University, he lived with his family in a self-designed Gropius House.

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Bauhaus ©archdaily
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Gropius house ©archdaily

4. Hugo Alvar Henrick Aalto 

Alvar Aalto was a Finnish architect, generally viewed as one of the progenitors of Nordic Modernism. Aalto’s initial work was worried about Nordic Classicism, which is exemplified by his first building, the Jyvaskyla Workers’ Club, which he worked in 1925. Aalto’s invasion into Modernism started with the assembly hall he worked for the Viipuri Library, which is described by its utilization of normal materials and accentuation on the light. His later structures contrast in their great, wavy lines, for example, the House of Culture in Helsinki and the Aalto Theater Opera house in Essen, Germany. Aalto likewise made huge commitments to furniture plans, with his stools quite being utilized by the Apple in their stores. His works include Villa Mairea, Library of Alvar Aalto, Alvar Aalto house, Paimio Sanatorium, and many more.

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Villa Mairea ©Wikipedia
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University of Jyvaskyla ©Wikipedia

5. Edwin Landseer Lutyens | 19th Century Architecture

Renowned for planning The Cenotaph, Lutyens had a fluctuated and esteemed vocation structuring structures over the globe, in an arrangement of notable styles. Considered by some as ‘the greatest architect since Wren’, or even his senior, Lutyens is commended as a design virtuoso. He designed numerous English houses, war memorials, and public buildings. Lutyens was a British designer known for creatively adjusting conventional structural styles to the prerequisites of his time. His notable works incorporate Rashtrapati Bhavan in New Delhi, Grosvenor Estate in London, Great Dixter in Great Britain, Munstead Wood in Great Britain, and many more.

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Rashtrapati Bhavan, New Delhi ©
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Great Dixter, great Britain ©

6. Charles Rennie Mackintosh 

Charles Rennie Mackintosh was a Scottish architect and his creative methodology shared much for all intents and purposes with European Symbolism. His work, close to that of his significant other Margaret Macdonald, was compelling on European structure developments, for example, Art Nouveau and Secessionism and lauded by incredible innovators, for example, Josef Hoffmann. Mackintosh accomplished universal notoriety during the 1890s as an architect of unconventional banners, craftwork, and furniture. As opposed to contemporary style, his work was light, exquisite, and unique, as exemplified by four surprising coffee bars he structured in Glasgow and other residential insides of the mid-1900s.


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Hill House ©Wikipedia
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Art Nouveau painted oak cabinet with colored glass, designed by Charles Rennie Mackintosh, 1902 ©

7. Antoni Gaudi 

Antoni Gaudi was an architect from Catalonia, Spain, who had a place with the Modernisme (Art Nouveau) movement. He was celebrated for his extraordinary style and profoundly individualistic structures. Antoni Gaudi’s works are in or close to Barcelona vouch for Gaudí’s outstanding imaginative commitment to the development of architecture and building innovation in the late nineteenth and mid-twentieth hundreds of years. These landmarks speak to a varied, just as an extremely close to home, style that was without given rein in the structure of nurseries, models, and every enhancing craftsmanship, just as design. His most popular works are Parque Guell; Palacio Guell; Casa Mila; Casa Vicens; Gaudi’s work on the Nativity facade and Crypt of La Sagrada Familia; Casa Batllo; Crypt in Colonia Guell.

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Casa Batlo ©Wikipedia
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8. Frank Llyod Wright 

Frank Lloyd Wright was an American architect, author, and teacher, whose innovative period span over 70 years, designing more than 1,000 structures, of which 532 were finished. Wright trusted in planning structures that were in concordance with mankind and its condition, a way of thinking he called organic architecture. Through the span of his 70-year vocation, Wright got one of the most productive, unconventional, and making no under twelve of the Architectural Record’s hundred most significant structures of the century. Understanding the primary American design, Frank Lloyd Wright’s homes, workplaces, holy places, schools, high rises, hotels, and historical centers remain as a demonstration of somebody whose enduring faith in his convictions changed his nation and profession.

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Robie house ©
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9. Henry Hobson Richardson 

One of the prominent American architects whose structures assisted with changing nineteenth-century architecture design. His plans, because of Romanesque workmanship, set off a time of Romanesque Revival in America, and his structures significantly affected the Chicago School of architecture and its spearheading high rise plans. Although his underlying notoriety originated from his plan of Trinity Church, Boston, his fundamental accomplishments in architecture configuration happened in four structure types: business structures, passenger train station structures, open libraries, and private houses. Of these, his two biggest works of the nineteenth-century design were the Allegheny County Courthouse and Jail, and the Marshall Field Wholesale Store in Chicago.

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Trinity Boston church ©archdaily

10. Daniel Hudson Burnham  | 19th Century Architecture

Daniel Burnham was an American architect and urban planner whose sway on the American city was significant. He was instrumental in the advancement of the high rise and was noted for his profoundly effective administration of the World’s Columbian Exposition of 1893 and his thoughts regarding urban planning. Albeit most popular for his high rises, city planning, and for the White City, very nearly 33% of Burnham’s absolute yield – 14.7 million square feet comprised of structures for shopping. In the wake of finishing various ventures, Daniel Burnham chose to propose another plan for Chicago which would have been planning for the eventual fate of the city and was intended to give design answers for the up and coming issues just as control the normal development of this American city. The greater part of the impact and motivation for Burnham’s works were gotten from Greek and Roman old-style styles of architecture.

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Flatiron building ©



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