“Architecture is the will of an epoch translated into space,” – Mies van der Rohe

The 20th century, was the time when modernist architecture was practiced in full-swing, that gave us many architectural marvels like the Villa Savoye, Swastika Dance School, TWA Flight Center, Fallingwater, Eames House and many more, but often the faces behind these magnificent buildings are forgotten or underrated. 

So, here is a list of 20 lesser known influential architects from the 20th century.

1. CHARLES EAMES

Charles Eames was an American creator, designer, architect, and movie-producer. An innovative organization with his life partner, Ray Kaiser Eames, was answerable for historic commitments in the field of engineering, furniture plan, mechanical structure, fabricating, and photographic expressions.

The Eames perspective and reasoning are connected through Charles’ own recounting what he called “the banana leaf anecdote,” a banana leaf being the most essential eating utensil in southern India. He related the movement of the plan and its procedure where the banana leaf is changed into something phenomenally fancy.

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Charles and Ray Eames ©www.vitra.com
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Charles and Ray Eames Plastic Chair (1950) ©www.smow.com
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Eames ©www.antonialoweinteriors.com

2. CHARLES RENNIE MACKINTOSH

Charles Rennie Mackintosh was a Scottish craftsman, designer, and architect, who affected the advancement of modern development. He endeavored to make a completely incorporated workmanship with designs. The entirety of his activities has some conventional qualities like they uncover a character of excellent innovativeness and stylish acumen.

As argued to contemporary style, his work was light, intense, and unique. This is exemplified by four astounding coffee bars that he established in Glasgow. The apparent effortlessness of his furniture plans engaged contemporary taste, and hence the proliferation of Mackintosh seats and settees, began to be made.

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Statue of Mackintosh, Glasgow ©www.wikipedia.org
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Art Nouveau oak Cabinet (1902) ©www.britannica.com
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Scotland Street School, Glasgow ©www.wikipedia.org

3. CHITRA VISHWANATH

Endurable and sustainable designs are the subjects that Ar. Chitra Vishwanath wants to investigate, and the equivalent can be found in the different straightforward and complex parts of her plans. With earth as an essential material contribution to development, she has planned and fabricated numerous structures.

She runs her compositional practice under the BIOME Environment Solutions Private Limited, which has been engaged with over 500 ventures, incorporating the development of structures all things considered, and water gathering and sterilization structures while giving most extreme significance to the nature of the site and use of eco-accommodating materials Biome’s works ride typologies and scales — from schools, resorts, to processing plants and emergency clinics, every one an exercise in itself.

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Chitra Vishwanath ©www.architectandinteriors.com
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Residence, Bengaluru ©www.archdaily.com
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Residence, Bengaluru ©www.archdaily.com
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Kindergarten, Bengaluru ©www.earthauroville.com

4. GERRIT RIETVELD

Dutch artist and planner, Gerrit Rietveld, was a pioneer of present-day structure. Related to the De Stijl development, his dynamic way to deal with planning and furniture had an immense effect in Holland and past, and still fills in as motivation to the current Dutch Design development.

He made his well-known red-and-blue rocker, which, in its accentuation on calculation and its utilization of essential hues, was an acknowledgment of de Stijl standards. In 1921, he planned a little Amsterdam gems shop—one of the primary instances of the use of these standards to design. His work of art is the Schroder House in Utrecht (1924), wonderful for its interchange of right-edge structures, planes, and lines, and its utilization of essential hues.

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Gerrit Rietveld ©www.idesign.wiki
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Red and Blue Chair ©www.holland.com
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Zig Zag Chair ©www.wikipedia.org
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Personal Residence ©www.dezeen.com

5. HUNDERTWASSER

Friedensreich Regentag Dunkelbunt Hundertwasser was an Austrian visual craftsman, artist, and architect. He furthermore worked in the field of natural assurance and environmental protection. Hundertwasser stood apart as an adversary of ‘a straight line,’ and any normalization, communicating this idea in the field of building plans.

His most acclaimed work is the Hundertwasserhaus in Vienna, Austria which has become an eminent spot of enthusiasm for the Austrian Capital, described by innovative imperativeness and uniqueness. A blunt extremist against atomic innovation and contamination, the genius proceeded with his association through the next decades.

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Hundertwasser ©www.wikipedia.org
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Hundertwasserhaus ©www.pinterest.com
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The Roger Bad Blumau Spa, Austria ©www.cfileonline.com

6. MATTI SUURONEN

Matti Suuronen is a Finnish designer and planner, who was most popular for structuring the Futuro and Venturo homes in the Casa Finlandia arrangement. The wonderful plan of the Futuro went into creation in both Finland and worldwide under permit in different hues, upholstery, and number of seats and rooms.

Moreover, Suuronen is likewise universally known for planning structures, which utilized materials, for example, polyester tar, fiberglass, and acrylic windows. Aside from the Futuro and Venturo homes, Suuronen also structured a few structures, for example, condos, withdrew and terraced homes, workplaces, booths, gas stations, and open and modern buildings. Suuronen’s plans have been introduced over the world in different museums.

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Matti Suuronen ©www.architectuul.com
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Futuro House in the Mountains ©www.architectuul.com
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Venturo ©www.architectuul.com

7. RAHUL MEHROTRA

Besides being a practicing planner, architect, urban designer, Rahul Mehrotra is also the Professor of Urban Design and Planning at the Harvard Graduate School of Design.  His work covers a scope of structures, from houses to institutional to places of business. An ongoing venture of his was a lodging home for 100 elephants and their guardians in Jaipur, India.

Mehrotra has likewise composed and addressed broadly on issues to do with designing, architecture, preservation, and urban planning, in Mumbai and India. He has for some time been associated with metro and urban issues in Mumbai, having served on government commissions, for the preservation of remarkable structures and nature-related issues with different neighborhood gatherings and, from 1994 to 2004, as Executive Director of the Urban Design Research Institute in Mumbai.

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Rahul Mehrotra ©www.rmaarchitects.com
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Hathigaon, Jaipur ©www.rmaarchitects.com
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Tata Institute of Social Sciences Rural Campus ©www.rmaarchitects.com

8. REVATHI KAMATH

She was perhaps one of the best architects that India has produced in the contemporary period. She specifically centered to give a more updated enhancement to ‘Mud Architecture.’ She is further recognized for planning the tallest molded steel structure, which is a 33-meter high door in India, for a very warm force plant at Raigarh, Chhattisgarh.

Her work imaginatively combines intellects and advances into a stylish territory and lifestyle. Her way of thinking identifies with Architectural cognizance being all-encompassing, and pondering over human culture and development, through time and in space. She emphatically felt that the diverse traits can mix flawlessly into a mind-boggling whole of the spiritual and material, reflective and expressive, emotional and discerning, specialized and masterful, and the graceful comprehension.

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Revathi Kamath ©www.wikipedia.org
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Kamath Design Studio ©Madiha Khanam
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JSPL Gateway ©architecturelive.in

9. SAM SCORER

Hugh Segar Sam Scorer was a designer and architect. He worked in Lincoln, England, and was the main pioneer in the advancement of hyperbolic paraboloid roof top structures, adopting concrete. He furthermore was engaged with structural preservation and study of the work of local 19th-century architects. He also crafted an art gallery nearby Lincoln, presently known as the Sam Scorer Gallery.

Away from architecture, he was a Motor racer, going to a significant number of Europe’s great Prix circuits. He possessed a progression of luxury sports cars, for example, a Lotus Elan and different Jaguars, all with his customized number plate of EVL 1. He was also a part of the Reform Club and checked out Liberal governmental issues.  

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Markham Moor Petrol Station ©www.worddisk.com
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St. John Baptist Church ©www.worddisk.com
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Brayford Pool Restaurants ©www.worddisk.com

10. THEO VAN DOESBURG

Theo van Doesburg was a Dutch craftsman, who worked on the painting, composing verses, designing, and architecture. He is most celebrated as the organizer and pioneer of De Stijl.

Van Doesburg’s personality fetched him fame and hence made him a public leader. He was an indiscreet and energetic man, with solid preferences, rather than the contrastingly, more hesitant, and mindful Mondrian. De Stijl’s core depended on geometric deliberations and applied not exclusively to painting, yet to several expressions, especially architecture. Dissimilar to the numerous workmanship and design developments in the twentieth century, De Stijl focused on social and abstract changes, instead of directly masterful concerns. The directors accepted that a refined geometric taste would apply a solid and quieting effect on the individuals, who saw a De Stijl painting or lived in a De Stijl house.

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Theo van Doesburg ©www.flickr.com
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A Reconstruction of Dance Hall ©www.flickr.com
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Van Does Burg Studio House ©www.flickr.com
Shanika Nishi
Author

Shanika Nishi is currently majoring in architecture. With avid interest in reading and research, she has been regularly penning down her ideas into poems. She has a vision of contributing vivaciously to the profession &further while honing her knowledge. She also believes that ‘We must do what little we can.’

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