With the active growth of rural practices in a desire to have a convenient lifestyle, we are adopting some practices which are human-centric regardless of what damage has been done to the environment and exploiting its sources daily with knowing and unknowing facts. However, the aim is to address architects to include vernacular architecture in their contemporary construction methods with the acceptance of their clients.

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The article certainly conveys how the revival of vernacular architecture can be a direction to rural conservation and adaptation which also preserves what we already have for instance the potent to protect and enhance the natural environment and processes based on their historical, archaeological, and scientific interest, landscape, wildlife habitat, and cultural values also providing consistent agricultural use with the preservation of the area’s respecting environmental and landscape values.

Article Review: Approach to sustainable architecture through Vernacular practices A case study of dwelling in village Sheet5
Warm and Flood Resistant Bamboo House © kompas.com

Bringing the Essence of The Old Tessellation

Low tech methods used in folk architecture can be used to create buildings and environments that are well suited to the local climate and culture, as argued to the design of many modern buildings that do not take into account the local conditions., for e.g., based on local needs, the availability of building materials and reflecting local traditions. At least originally, local architecture did not use formally trained architects but relied on the design skills and tradition of local builders. 

However, since the late 19th century, many professional architects have worked on versions of this style. Influences on native architecture are influenced by a multitude of different aspects of human behavior and the environment, which leads to different forms of construction for almost all different contexts. Even neighboring cities may have subtly different approaches to building and using their homes, even if they seem the same at first glance. 

Despite these deviations, every building is subject to the same physical laws and therefore has significant similarities in structural forms though they respond to the context in their novel ways.

Article Review: Approach to sustainable architecture through Vernacular practices A case study of dwelling in village Sheet2
HUNNARSHALA FOUNDATION CAMPUS IN GUJARAT © Simran Shah

Taking an Effort

An approach is taken to evolve and to ruminate the environmental, cultural, technological, economic, and historical context within which it breathes whereas usually tough to reconcile with restrictive and widespread demands, this type of design still plays a role in architecture and design, particularly in native branches. Though it’s often difficult to reconcile with the normative and popular needs, this type of architecture continues to play a role in architecture and design, especially in native industries.

Article Review: Approach to sustainable architecture through Vernacular practices A case study of dwelling in village Sheet3
HUNNARSHALA FOUNDATION CAMPUS IN GUJARAT © Simran Shah
Article Review: Approach to sustainable architecture through Vernacular practices A case study of dwelling in village Sheet4
HUNNARSHALA FOUNDATION CAMPUS IN GUJARAT © Simran Shah

Readings 

The article conveys a lot about the dwellings in the villages of Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat as per the case studies, it deals with different rich and vibrant cultures and traditions from every part of India that transformed into cities and how they fall into a trap designated “modern cities.”

The case studies conducted were A.  Potters’ Dwelling in Suburbs of Indore and B. Desktop Case Study: Bhunga of Kutch, both the studies expose a sense of enclosed space that is efficiently utilized to perform multiple cyclic life motions and as a sum, it bypasses wastage of land. Due to natural and physical constraints, people living in rural areas had very limited access to the outer developed world. They seek mutual help from other members of the community for cultivation and wellbeing. 

In such a scenario, the growth of rural and organic settlements with no remote external forces was mainly gradually determined by the basic daily needs of users and the mechanisms that have changed over time.

Article Review: Approach to sustainable architecture through Vernacular practices A case study of dwelling in village Sheet1
VIEW OF ROOF, HUNNARSHALA FOUNDATION CAMPUS IN GUJARAT © Simran Shah

Outputs

The communities are associated with celebrations and ceremonies related to birth, life, marriage, and death. There are four generations of potters living together in the community which creates an influential social setup. Talking about the construction of houses the use of promptly available materials and simplistic techniques were observed that can easily be contemplated to modernistic technology.

In short, vernacular architecture creates a correlation between people, climate, and architecture which shows identity and sustainability and reflects time, place, and culture. The sustainable approach already exists in historical architecture. The reason for the lower acceptance of the rural architectural style in urban areas is the structural reliability of the structures following the materials and rural construction technology. Another experienced reaction against rural architecture is that it hardly follows the urban rhythm and hence, it causes pollution in the urban visual harmony and its cores as well.

Architecture designed by professional architects is usually not considered to be vernacular. Indeed, it can be claimed that the very means of consciously designing a building doesn’t make it more vernacular. Paul Oliver, in his book Dwellings, states, “It is contended that ‘popular architecture’ designed by professional architects or commercial builders for popular use, does not come within the compass of the vernacular”. 

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Oliver also suggests the following simple definition of vernacular architecture: “The architecture of the people, and by the people, but not for the people,” which indirectly tells how the native architecture gives importance to its surroundings and for once not to the requirements of the people.

References

  • ARTICLE 1 : Austintexas.gov. 2021. [online] Available at: <http://www.austintexas.gov/edims/document.cfm?id=271681> [Accessed 4 August 2021].
  • ARTICLE 2 :IJSRD, I., 2021. Approach to sustainable architecture through Vernacular practices A case study of dwelling in villag. [online] Issuu. Available at: <https://issuu.com/ijsrd/docs/ijsrdv4i30590> [Accessed 4 August 2021].
Author

With a cryptic perspective and ambivert personality, Simran is a student of B.Arch, who beliefs in reverie as escapism to bring solutions to realism. Besides, she says Architecture is not a domain limited to buildings however it’s an art that’s so far evident in every entity in this world, she also intends to explore more with her perceptions.

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