Modernist Architecture came into the world with the onset of industrialisation. With the invention of new materials and technology, the definition of architecture changed forever. As complex traditional buildings gave way to functional buildings, a lot of movements and ideologies emerged. As each architect had his own set of theories it led to the construction of a wide variety of buildings throughout the globe. Here is a list of 50 modernist architects and their work.
1. Frank Lloyd Wright– Falling Waters, Pennsylvania (1939) | Modernist Architects
An icon of Organic architecture, built on a waterfall.
2. William Holabird And Martin Roche- Marquette Building, Illinois (1895) | Modernist Architecture
One of the first steel-frame skyscrapers, Chicago school of Architecture.
3. Joseph Paxton- Crystal Palace, London (1851) | Architects Works
An Exhibition Building used steel trusses for aesthetics.
4. Alexandre Gustave Eiffel- Eiffel Tower, Paris (1889)
A wrought-iron tower that glorifies the skyline of Paris
5. Antonio Gaudi-Sagrada Familia, Barcelona (2010) | Modernist Architects
A combination of Gothic and Art Nouveau.
6. Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe-Seagram Building, New York (1958)
Integrates elements of functional aesthetics with modern architecture.
7. Le Corbusier- Villa Savoye, Paris (1931) | Modernist Architecture
An Internationalist building that lists Le Corbusier’s “5 points”.
8. Walter Gropius- Fagus Shoe Factory, Alfred (1925) | Architects Works
Inspired by the Bauhaus school of Architecture.
9. Eric Mendelson- Einstein Tower, Potsdam (1921)
An astrophysical observatory depicts Expressionism.
10. Modern Architect Santiago Calatrava– City Of Arts And Sciences, Valencia (1998) | Modernist Architects
The iconic structure represents a giant eye.
11. Richard Meier– Barcelona Museum Of Contemporary Art, Barcelona (1995) | Modernist Architects
A pearl amongst the old Gothic architecture of Barcelona.
12. Michael Graves- Humana Building, Kentucky (1985)
Known as the “Milk Carton Building”, made out of pink granite.
13. M. Pei- Louvre Pyramid, Paris (1989) | Modernist Architecture
This glass and metal pyramid forms an entrance to the Louvre Museum.
14. Frank Gehry– Guggenheim Museum Bilbao (1980)
Deconstructivism building is made of stone, glass and titanium.
15. Bernard Tschumi- The New Acropolis Museum, Athens (2001) | Modernist Architects
Built at the feet of the Parthenon, stores the archaeological treasures of Acropolis.
16. Zaha Hadid– Heydar Aliyev Centre, Azerbaijan (2007)
Deconstructive building, consists of fluid curves
17. Norman Foster-Gherkin Tower, London (2003)
Skyscraper based on the principles of passive design strategies.
18. Rem Koolhaas- Cmg Headquarters, Beijing (2004) | Modernist Architecture
Due to its irregular shape, considered a structural marvel.
19. Peter Eisenman- Holocaust Memorial, Berlin (2004)
Built-in the memory of the Jews victims, has 2,711 concrete slabs in a grid pattern.
20. Cesar Pelli- The Petronas Towers, Kuala Lumpur (1993) | Modernist Architects
These twin towers are amongst the tallest in the world.
21. Richard Rogers– The Pompidou Centre, Paris (1977) | Modernist Architects
The museum is built on the principles of High- Tech Architecture.
22. Modern Architect Tadao Ando– Modern Art Museum Of Fort Worth, Fort Worth, Texas (1892)
Made out of concrete and glass, an important landmark.
23. Philip Johnson- Museum Of Modern Art, New York (1929) | Modernist Architecture
One of the most significant museums of modern art in the world.
24. Louis Kahn– National Parliament Building, Dhaka (1982)
One of the largest legislative buildings in the world.
25. Oscar Neymar– Cathedral Of Brasília, Brazil (1970) | Modernist Architects
A Hyperboloid structure is a Roman Cathedral.
26. Willian Van Allen- Chrysler Building, New York (1930)
An art deco skyscraper, tallest brick and steel building.
27. John Utzon- Sydney Opera House, Sydney (1973)
One of the most iconic buildings of the 20th Century.
28. Renzo Piano- Whitney Museum Of American Art, Manhattan (1930) | Modern Architects Works
Consists of a network of galleries with cantilevered and public spaces.
29. Jean Nouvel- Louvre Abu Dhabi, Abu Dhabhi (2017)
Inspired by the traditional Arab culture, a museum city floating on water.
30. Eero Saarinen- Gateway Arch, Missouri (1965) | Modernist Architects
A structural marvel which is a symbol of St. Louis.
31. Richard Neutra– Neutra Office Building, Los Angeles (1950) | Modernist Architects
The Studio of Neutra has gardens and residential complexes in the rare part of the complex.
32. Rudolph Schindler- Lovell Beach House, Los Angeles (1926)
An important landmark in the early modernist architecture of America.
33. Minoru Yamasaki- World Trade Centre, New York (1987) | Modernist Architecture
Consisted of seven buildings originally, the twin towers were the tallest in the world when built.
34. Alvar Altao-Aalto Theatre Opera House, Essen (1988)
The design for this Opera house was selected by the means of an Architectural competition.
35. Vladimir Shukhov, Shukhov Tower, Polibino(1896) | Modernist Architects
The world’s first Hyperboloid structure, an engineering marvel.
36. Paul Rudolf– Yale Art And Architecture Building, Connecticut (1963)
One of the first buildings of Brutalist Architecture in America.
37. Louis Sullivan– Prudential Building, New York (1896)
Now a historic landmark, based on Sullivan’s “Form Follows Function.”
38. William Le Baron Jenney– Home Insurance Building, Chicago (1885) | Modern Architects Works
First tall metal and steel-framed building, demolished in 1930.
39. Victor Horta- Hôtel Tassel, Belgium (1893)
First true Art Nouveau Building, characterised by whiplash lines.
40. Adolf Loos-Villa Müller, Prague (1930) | Modernist Architects
One of the first buildings to combine aspects of the economy with modernity.