Architecture is a huge world of different cultures and traditions coming together, in the form of buildings.  Throughout the years architectural styles have developed and have been enhanced with the help of new technologies present in the 21st century. These styles are grouped depending on its characteristics, forms, method of construction, building materials, and the location. 

Here are 20 distinct architectural styles throughout the history: 

1. Classical architecture 

Classical architecture was developed in Ancient Greece between the 7th and 4th centuries BC. It is most popular for its humongous temples worked in stone, structured from standards of perspective, symmetry, geometry, and order. An outstanding trait of its expressiveness is the standards of the “building orders”: 

Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian Columns 

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The pantheon, Rome ©Wikipedia
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The pantheon Interior, Rome ©wikipedia
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The pantheon, Rome ©wikipedia

2. Byzantine 

Dating around 330 AD, Byzantine architecture was a continuation of Roman architecture, yet with impacts from the Near East. Structures expanded in geometric multifaceted nature, the old-style orders were utilized all the more openly and the Greek cross plan was embraced in chapel design which regularly included complex vault structures bolstered by enormous wharves.

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Church of Hagia Eirene, Turkey ©thebyzantinelegacy.com
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Church of Hagia Eirene, Turkey, ©thebyzantinelegacy.com
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Church of Hagia Eirene, Turkey  ©thebyzantinelegacy.com

3. Gothic 

It was distinctly during the Enlightenment that the name “Gothic” came to fruition to allude to the vertical and grand design created in that period. The primary Gothic works are identified with ecclesiastical buildings – chapels and churches with ogival curves and rib vaults. Most Gothic structures are viewed as UNESCO World Heritage destinations, for example, the Notre Dame Cathedral and Reims Cathedral.

Gothic Cathedral of Notre Dame de Chartres, France ©getty images
Gothic Cathedral of Notre Dame de Chartres, France, North transept of the central porch at Chartres Cathedral. ©new world Encyclopedia
Gothic Cathedral of Notre Dame de Chartres, France ©chartrescathedral.netGothic Cathedral of Notre Dame de Chartres, France ©chartrescathedral.net

4. Romanesque 

The architecture evolved in Europe between the 6th and 9th centuries and has an incredible connection to its authentic setting. In a period when European nations were at war and stressed over securing against attacks, the structures, roused by the Republic of Ancient Rome, were portrayed by substantial and heavy walls and insignificant openings in semi-circular arches. Its primary models were the places of worship that worked during this period, and one of its most significant works is the Santiago de Compostela Cathedral in Spain.

Basilica of St. Sernin in Toulouse, France ©gettyimages
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Basilica of St. Sernin in Toulouse, France ©Wikipedia
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Basilica of St. Sernin in Toulouse, France ©Wikipedia

5. Islamic architecture 

Starting in the Middle East in the 7th-century Islamic architecture differs significantly relying upon the region, for example, Persia, North Africa, and Spain. A Mosque is the best case of Islamic styles including the courtyards, arches, and domes. Articulation on level surfaces accepts need as the Koran prohibits three-dimensional portrayals. 

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Hui Mosque in China ©chadwicks.ie
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Hui Mosque in China ©Pinterest
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Hui Mosque in China ©Pinterest

6. Persian architecture 

Persian architecture (seen in the Iranian social landmass) embraced complex vault and arch development and built up an emblematic geometry embodied by the high arched entry. Designs were regularly found in pure forms and even designs with broad enrichment.

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The Eram Garden ©Wikipedia
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The Eram Garden ©Wikipedia
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The Eram Garden ©Wikipedia

7. Renaissance 

Impacted by classical styles, the Renaissance style showed up in Italy during the 15th Century and was described by amicability, clearness, and quality. The structures were planned to mirror the style and goals of household life and inspirations were taken from the Roman remains. The style is reflected in St Peter’s Basilica, Rome.

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Villa Rotonda, near Venice, Italy ©gettyimages
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Villa Rotonda, near Venice, Italy ©khanacademy.org
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Villa Rotonda, near Venice, Italy ©khanacademy.org

8. Baroque 

Starting in the 16th century under a Monarchist system in Europe, the architectural style can likewise be found in religious buildings. Baroque was a withdrawal from the more proper Romanesque style in that it was increasingly emotive, ‘ostentatious’, and intended to appeal to the senses. One of the early models of this style is the Church of Gesu in Rome, which flaunts the main genuinely Baroque facade.

Palace of Versailles in France ©getty images
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Palace of Versailles in France ©Wikipedia
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Palace of Versailles in France ©Wikipedia

9. Rococo 

Ornate was an extraordinary, brightening development of a Baroque architecture that developed in the 18th century as a response against magnificence and balance. It was a progressively fluid and floral style, involving fancy, deviated structures, and pastel shades.

Catherine Palace Near Saint Petersburg, Russia ©gettyimages
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Catherine Palace Near Saint Petersburg, Russia ©st.petersburg.com
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Catherine Palace Near Saint Petersburg, Russia ©st.petersburg.com

10. Bauhaus 

In the beginning, Bauhaus was conceived as the first school of design towards the start of the 20th century. It was implanted in a talk that traversed from furniture design to plastic expressions in Germany. The connection between mechanical creation and item configuration was basic to the school’s architectural recommendations, embracing a profoundly defended position on the design procedure. One of its organizers, Walter Gropius, executed progressive showing techniques and applied these standards in his works. 

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Bauhaus ©archdaily
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Gropius house ©connectionsbyfinsa.com
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Masters’ houses, D.C ©connectionsbyfinsa.com
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Swati Sharma
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