Design and Architect a.k.a. DnA  is a practice founded by Xu Tiantian where contemporary and fresh approaches meet the traditional context of China. The practice mainly focused on the interdependency and amalgamation of the program, concept and context in a way that will help the surroundings to flourish and engage. 

They say that, “context programs and their potential relationship will cultivate architecture into a multidimensional expression and generate new experiments and explorations for users. Architecture will continue to influence and inspire our contemporary life.”

1. Songzhuang Art Center (2006)

Location: Songzhuang, Beijing, China.

There was a need to cherish the evolution of art and artists in the town of Songzhuang. The art centre aims to help flourish all these artists and their creations and act as a space for interaction and acknowledgment of art between creators and art-enthusiasts. The building is physically seen to be divided into two parts. The lower level acts as a space for frequent and common gatherings or events, hence the material used is glass which portrays transparency. The upper blocks or the second part, covered in bricks from all sides, acts as an enclosed and semi-private space for the art to be displayed.

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2. Xiaobao Cultural Center (2007)

Location: Songzhuang, Beijing, China.

The center acts as a space for artists to reside, sell and showcase their work. The ground level is separated into public spaces for hosting various programs followed by the residential units and studios on the top. The design is said to follow a particular layout known as the tangram puzzle. This layout tends to create double-height spaces that involve individual units that allow visual permeability. 

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3. Ordos Art Museum (2007)

Location: Ordos, Inner Mongolia.

This project respects both the antithetical aspects of the raw landscape which the site offers and the concept of the intriguing future for the museum. The space acts as one continuous room with no barriers and a series of metal-framed windows. The other materials incorporated are slate tiles for the façade and timber planks for the leisure semi-open space.

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4. Songzhuang Artist Commune (2009)

Location: Songzhuang, Beijing, China.

The project was to accommodate the increasing number of artists in the village. This residence consists of 20 units that combines the activities of living and working. The project is built in such a way that both the areas can be combined and used as a display space for the growing creators.

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5. Teahouse (2015)

Location: Damushan Tea Plantation, Songyang.

In the initial stages, the teahouse was built as an addition to an existing pavilion. The teahouse aims to compliment the surrounding beauty. It consists of two private rooms and a two-storey common space. The project is a flourishing space for increased production and a space to teach and host various programs. 

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6. Pingtian Village Center (2015)

Location: Pingtian Village, Songyang.

The requirement was to design a versatile space to allow the villagers carry out varied activities and utilize the space to its fullest. For the construction of this center, the tenon and mortise system was used. The center reflects the language of the existing houses in the village and has internal courtyards that connect the horizontal spaces as well as vertical spaces through stairs.

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7. Bamboo Theatre (2016)

Location: HengKeng, Songyang.

Villages in China consist of small pockets of bamboo covered spaces in the wilderness which are often used for leisure activities. This simple yet innovative intervention allows the villagers itself to tie the stems of the bamboo together and use the dome-like space.

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8. Brown Sugar Factory (2016)

Location: Xing Village, Songyang.

Already known for its production of sugar, the village needed a well planned factory in order to address the issues surrounding the weak conditions and decreasing revenue. The factory is divided into the storage area, main production areas, program area for the village and a leisure space. The materials used in this project as steel trusses for the main production areas and glass partitions to allow visual connectivity. The concept was to showcase the work in a staged drama like manner. Hence, lights have been incorporated in such a way that it showcases the act of production. The glass walls have illustrations on how the sugar is obtained.

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9. Shimen Bridge (2017-18)

Location: Shimen, Songyang.

The existing bridge spans across the Wuyang Dam which is an important feature of the district. The bridge also connects the two villages of Shimen and Shimen-yu. 

To vamp-up the abandoned bridge, the firm proposed a platform that frames and allows the villagers to have a look at the Songyi river. The addition is in the form of pitched timber roof that stretches across the entire bridge. It is discontinued in the center to portray it as a floating island on the river and is designed to allow not only easy daily commuting but also serve as a space for several festive activities.

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10. Pine Pavilion (2017-18)

Location: Xiahuangyu, Songyang.

The Pine Pavilion is a structure built straight alongside the river dam. Timber panels divide the entire structure into spaces that can be used to host various programs and workshops. The buffer spaces also act as viewing platforms that frame the dam and the fishpond. A series of pine trees have been incorporated to reflect the village’s fame of production on pine resin.

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11. Hakka Indenture Museum (2017)

Location: Shicang, Songyang.

The project reflects the village’s name, Shicang, which means the stone storage that dictates a folktale of greed and magic. The museum accommodates the heritage and collection of Hakka society. In terms of the irrigation system that acts as a highlighting factor of the project, it follows the same system from the mountains and then towards the village. The plan is organized to segregate spaces into exhibition rooms, a plaza and open spaces. The indentations in the roof reflect the drainage channels spanning across the entire structure where they catch the rainwater and also allow slivers of light. The heritage has been distributed into other buildings of the village and as a result, the entire village is a platform that displays the Hakka culture.

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12. Baitasi Hutong Gallery (2017)

Location: Baitasi, Beijing.

To suit the existing fabric, the brief was to convert a residential building  into a space which displays the context and richness of the hutong area. The intent was to design a gallery that starts by inviting the locals to interact with the new additions and remodel the entire zone. The building was said to remain unaltered due to the regulations. However, vertical voids and skylights were reintroduced to achieve sufficient light and reshuffle to fit a gallery and studios along with an office. These reflect the curves one experiences while strolling around in the area and also reminds the user of the existing pagodas. The roof pavilion adds to the skyline and cables of the hutongs. It serves as a connection between the history and the present, built to enhance interaction.

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13. Music Studio by the Sea (2018)

Location: Qinhuangdao, Hebei Province.

The coast is observed to have a number of residential and public spaces. Hence, to make it wholesome, a music studio was proposed to be constructed on this coast of the community known as Arnaya. It comprises performing areas followed by an amphitheatre and a rooftop theatre, each built to justify the circular planning initially formed. It appears to be a red mass sitting on the sand of the coast.

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14. Dushan Leisure Center (2018)

Location: Dushan Mountain, Songyang.

This project is a tourist center built for the region’s increasing urban importance. It consists of a number of facilities that attracts tourists and locals. Its design blends the mountain, water, indoor and crafted outdoor spaces seamlessly with a dynamic walkway in picture.

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15. Chinese Herbal Garden (2018)

Location: Songyang County.

Practices in herbal and medicinal areas is an area Chinese people have been aching since eras. In order to , the design for a Chinese herbal garden came into picture. The main idea was to consider the landscape design and urban fabric of the proposed public area. The garden is located in the core of Songyang county and has been divided into four parts based on the seasons. The flooring has carved out names with the respective herbs growing in them. On the western end, a wall can be observed which is painted to enlighten the visitors on their ancient medicinal history.

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References

All images have been retrieved from the

Dubai has envisaged a rapid transformation from a fishing village in the past to a sprawling metropolis and a global business hub. The city is largely admired for what it has achieved in the last 30 years. The city is known for its incredible vision, diversity, vibrant neighborhoods, record-setting buildings, and over-the-top shopping centers. The city’s architecture is extravagant, extreme, inconsequential but also intriguing, impressive, and unique. Dubai’s top architectural wonders are Burj Khalifa, Burj Al Arab, Atlantis The Palm- 5-star hotel, The Opus, Cayan Tower, Dubai Mall- the world’s largest mall, and The World Islands: human-made Islands. 

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Dubai’s outstanding architectural achievement, the Burj Khalifa needs no introduction, standing over 828m tall and piercing the city’s skyline as the world’s tallest building. Burj Khalifa is located in Downtown Dubai, next to The Dubai Mall, and treats its visitors to incredible panoramic views from dedicated observation decks. Another marvelous achievement other than the city’s soaring skyline is the astonishing iconic man-made island-Palm Jumeriah. The unique island is home to some of Dubai’s top luxury resorts, including Atlantis, The Palm, several residences, hotels, commercial centers, and many more.

Dubai’s diverse culture, heritage, impressive architecture, and explosive growth make it an undeniably exquisite, dynamic, and interesting city with some of the world’s best architectural wonders.

Re-thinking The Future is a global platform for architecture and design. RTF along with our authors has curated a list of top architecture firms in various cities across the globe. Please note that the names are arranged in alphabetical order and are not ranked in any manner

Aedas

Scope of services: Architecture, Master Planning, Interior Design, Construction management.
Types of Built Projects: Residential, Commercial, Cultural, Educational.
Locations of Built Projects: Dubai
Style of work: creative, modern sustainable designs.
Website: www.aedas.com

Aedas is one of the world’s leading architecture and design practices that offers complete architectural and world-class design solutions with deep social and cultural understanding of the communities they design for. The firm has accumulated experience, professionalism, and creativity, meeting the client’s vision and transforming it into reality with modern and sustainable designs.

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Top Architects in Dubai - Top 90 Architects in Dubai - Sheet1
bouelvard plaza_©www.aedas.com/

Abdulla and Associate

Scope of services: Architecture, Master Planning, Interior Design, Construction management.
Types of Built Projects: Residential, Commercial, Cultural, Educational.
Locations of Built Projects: Dubai
Style of work: seeks elegant and aesthetics in design
Website: www.aaa-dubai.com

AAA is an engineering and architectural consulting firm committed to the regular evaluation of needs of architectural practice and applying the best practices. The firm follows an integrated approach to design with excellence and focuses on long-term client relationships with an attitude of reliability and responsibility in our conduct and commitment.

Top Architects in Dubai - Top 90 Architects in Dubai - Sheet2
resendial complex_©http://aaa-dubai.com/

AAC Interiors

Scope of services: Architecture, Master Planning, Interior Design, Construction management.
Types of Built Projects: Residential, Commercial, Cultural, Educational.
Locations of Built Projects: Dubai
Style of work: personalized solutions
Website: www.aac-interiors.com

AAC Interiors is committed to bringing design distinction, innovative concepts and lasting quality to every project.

The firm offers full Interior Architecture services, with a focus on high-end residential and corporate projects with an aim to find highly personalized solutions to the client’s briefs, using passion, talent, commitment and experience. 

Top Architects in Dubai - Top 90 Architects in Dubai - Sheet3
aac interiors_©http://www.aac-interiors.com/

ALHILAL Engineering Consultants 

Scope of services: Architecture, Master Planning, Interior Design, Construction management.
Types of Built Projects: Residential, Commercial, Cultural, Educational.
Locations of Built Projects: Dubai
Style of work: dynamic and efficient
Website: www.alhilalengineering.net

Al Hilal provides a range of services across the U.A.E and many other countries in the region with an extensive diverse portfolio consisting of Architecture, Civil and Structural engineering, MEP, Interior Design, Urban Planning, and also Project Management departments. 

Top Architects in Dubai - Top 90 Architects in Dubai - Sheet4
alhilal engineering consultants_©https://www.alhilalengineering.net/

APG Architecture & Planning Group

Scope of services: Architecture, Master Planning, Interior Design, Construction management.
Types of Built Projects: Residential, Commercial, Cultural, Educational.
Locations of Built Projects: Dubai
Style of work: context-based
Website: www.apgarch.com

APG is a multidisciplinary A/E firm that is fully committed to the construction industry working in the UAE since 1973, APG provides a wide range of architectural services, from Master Planning, Architecture, Interior Design, to Civil, Structural & MEP Engineering.

Top Architects in Dubai - Top 90 Architects in Dubai - Sheet5
rixos hotel_©https://www.apgarch.com/

ARCHCROP

Scope of services: Architecture, Master Planning, Interior Design, Construction management.
Types of Built Projects: Residential, Commercial, Cultural, Educational.
Locations of Built Projects: Bucharest
Style of work: sustainable contemporary  designs
Website: www.archcorp.biz

Archcorp strives to improve architectural services, which are marked by excellence, high standards, and innovation, and has worked on a diverse range of projects including residential, offices, commercial, retail, institutional, and public projects.

Top Architects in Dubai - Top 90 Architects in Dubai - Sheet6
AUS College of Engineering Expansion_©https://www.archcorp.biz/about-us

Abdul Rahim Architectural Consultants

Scope of services: Architecture, Master Planning, Interior Design, Construction management.
Types of Built Projects: Residential, Commercial, Cultural, Educational.
Locations of Built Projects: Dubai
Style of work: an integrated sustainable design
Website: www.aracome.com

Abdul Rahim Architectural Consultants (ARACO) has industry experience spanning over thirty years with a  diversified portfolio covering a number of successful projects, including residential buildings and villas, commercial buildings, hospitals, and industrial projects. The firm meets all the needs of users and the environment and is responsive to quality, functions, and aesthetics. 

Top Architects in Dubai - Top 90 Architects in Dubai - Sheet7
private vila_©https://www.aracome

Arkiplan

Scope of services: Architecture, Master Planning, Interior Design, Construction management.
Types of Built Projects: Residential, Commercial, Cultural, Educational.
Locations of Built Projects: Bucharest
Style of work: seeking creativity and functionalism providing bespoke solutions.
Website: www.arkiplan-me.com

Arkiplan is an international architectural firm with a unique combination of enthusiasm and experience developing successful projects in South Asia, the Middle East, Eastern Africa, the USA, and the Caribbean, and focusing on providing professional services to the clients. The team is attentive to create and deliver outstanding results within the established terms.

Top Architects in Dubai - Top 90 Architects in Dubai - Sheet8
one and only palm_©http://www.arkiplan-me.com/

AMA Studio

Scope of services: Architecture, Master Planning, Interior Design, Construction management.
Types of Built Projects: Residential, Commercial, Cultural, Educational.
Locations of Built Projects: Dubai
Style of work: offers tailor-made designs
Website:  www.shandagha.com

Al Shandagha has been operating in Dubai since 1995 and follows an integrated approach to design creating unique and functional designs and understands the considerations & needs of clients and provides satisfying results.

Top Architects in Dubai - Top 90 Architects in Dubai - Sheet9
AAZ Residence_©www.shandagha.com

Archidentity

Scope of services: Architecture, Master Planning, Interior Design, Construction management.
Types of Built Projects: Residential, Commercial, Cultural, Hospitality, Educational.
Locations of Built Projects: Dubai
Style of work: unique and quality architecture with technical expertise
Website: www.archidentity.ae

Archidentity follows a post-modernist approach in our designs where the vernacular of the Arabian Gulf is re-interpreted into a modern context. The firm focuses on high-quality designs, technicality, feasibility, and budget while creating buildings and providing coordination to the client throughout the project.

Top Architects in Dubai - Top 90 Architects in Dubai - Sheet10
fz residence_©http://architectservice.ro/

Riverside is a major city in California, located in the Inland Empire and home to the historic Mission-Inn Hotel and Spa that was built in 1876 as a modest 12 room boarding house and throughout the decades it has expanded and became one of the finest and astonishing hotels in the country with breath-taking architecture and stunning designs. Riverside features lush greenery, numerous parks, wild hiking trails and breathtaking mountain views that offer various outdoor recreational activities. Riverside downtown district is filled with culture and entertainment including several museums, fox-performing arts centre, and main street mall that makes it a vibrant and colorful city. 

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Re-thinking The Future is a global platform for architecture and design. RTF along with our authors has curated a list of top architecture firms in various cities across the globe. Please note that the names are arranged in alphabetical order and are not ranked in any manner

American tradition Custom Homes

Scope of services: Architectural Design, Structural Engineering, Interior design, Consulting, Construction Administration.
Types of Built Projects: Residential and Commercial.
Locations of Built Projects: Riverside, California
Style of work: custom designs, remodel/additions.
Website: www.americantraditioncustomhomes.com

The firm provides homeowners a complete building experience from innovative design through superior home construction and focuses on higher quality materials and more attention to detail. American Tradition takes pride in designing dream homes while delivering the highest quality foundations, frames, and finishes.

Architects in Riverside - Top 20 Architects in Riverside -Sheet1
custom home_©https://americantraditioncustomhomes.com/

ARK Group

Scope of services: Architectural Design, Structural Engineering, Interior design, Consulting, Construction Administration.
Types of Built Projects: Residential and Commercial.
Locations of Built Projects: Riverside, California
Style of work: restoration, remodeling, additions.
Website: www.plans4yourproject.com

Ark Group transforms a client’s idea into a project through a simple and easy process by fulfilling all of its specifications. The firm is committed  to bringing the client’s vision to life by working cooperatively and creating partnerships with a team of engineers and contractors to ensure quality designs that fit the client’s expectations

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Architects in Riverside - Top 20 Architects in Riverside -Sheet2
tract homes_©https://plans4yourproject.com/

B Drafting and Design

Scope of services: Architectural Design, Structural Engineering, Interior design, Consulting, Construction Administration.
Types of Built Projects: Residential and Commercial.
Locations of Built Projects: Riverside, California
Style of work: specializes in rendering and drafting
Website: www.bdraftingndesign.com

The firm serves Los Angeles County, Orange County, and Riverside County and offers Professional Drafting & Design of Construction blueprints of  Residential & Commercial projects, Custom Homes, Remodeling, Room Additions, Tenant Improvements, New Garage Construction, and Garage conversions. 

Architects in Riverside - Top 20 Architects in Riverside -Sheet3
b drafting and design_©https://www.bdraftingndesign.com/

Broeske Architects and Associates 

Scope of services: Architectural Design, Structural Engineering, Interior design, Consulting, Construction Administration.
Types of Built Projects: Residential and Commercial.
Locations of Built Projects: Riverside, California
Style of work: residences, offices, schools, libraries, and churches.
Website: www.broeskearchitects.com

Broeske Architects and Associates is a full-service architecture, design development and consulting firm that has been providing high-quality creativity coupled with value and practicality. The firm is located in Riverside and focuses to achieve Creative design and constructible solutions with a commitment to enduring quality and client satisfaction.

Architects in Riverside - Top 20 Architects in Riverside -Sheet4
Fullerton Library_©https://broeskearchitects.com/

Brightview 

Scope of services: Architectural Design, Structural Engineering, Interior design, Consulting, Construction Administration.
Types of Built Projects: Residential and Commercial.
Locations of Built Projects: Riverside, California
Style of work: schools, offices, libraries, hotels.
Website: www.brightview.com

BrightView is the leading commercial landscape company in Riverside and offers a variety of landscape services, such as maintenance, water management, and tree care.

Architects in Riverside - Top 20 Architects in Riverside -Sheet5
Cedars Sinai Roof Garden_©https://www.brightview.com/

Community Work Design Group

Scope of services: Architectural Design, Structural Engineering, Interior design, Consulting, Construction Administration.
Types of Built Projects: Residential and Commercial.
Locations of Built Projects: Riverside, California
Style of work: parks, school/ university campus spaces, museums, libraries, restaurants,
Website: www.comworksdg.com

Community Works Design Group is a full-service landscape architecture firm with an emphasis on creating community outdoor places. It consists of a diverse team of talented individuals, bringing unique qualifications and niches together to create excellent projects.

Architects in Riverside - Top 20 Architects in Riverside -Sheet6
horeshoe lake park_©http://comworksdg.com/

DLR Group

Scope of services: Architecture, Engineering, Planning, Interiors, Landscape, Preservation, and Sustainable consulting
Types of Built Projects:  Residential and Commercial
Locations of Built Projects: Across the United States
Style of work: Educational, Residences, Museums, Renovations, Hospitals, Sports Arenas, and Campuses.
Website: www.dlrgroup.com

Dlr group is an integrated design firm that expertise in various areas and offers high-quality modern designs. The firm follows a collaborative approach to understand a local community and then create a project vision that aligns client goals within that local environment

Architects in Riverside - Top 20 Architects in Riverside -Sheet7
DLR Group_©www.dlrgroup.com/

Evergreen Design Group

Scope of services: Architectural Design, Structural Engineering, Interior design, Consulting, Construction Administration.
Types of Built Projects: Residential and Commercial.
Locations of Built Projects: Riverside, California
Style of work: specializes in land planning and landscape design services.
Website: www.evergreendesigngroup.com

 Evergreen Design Group creates beautiful, functional, and environmentally friendly outdoor spaces throughout California and has a diverse portfolio including Retail centers, Financial institutions, Restaurants, Hotels, Office buildings, Master-planned communities, Schools, and Multi-family apartment complexes. 

Architects in Riverside - Top 20 Architects in Riverside -Sheet8
evergreen design group_©https://www.evergreendesigngroup.com/

FM Landscape and Masonry 

Scope of services: Architectural Design, Structural Engineering, Interior design, Consulting, Construction Administration.
Types of Built Projects: Residential and Commercial.
Locations of Built Projects: Riverside, California
Style of work: custom landscape designs
Website: www.fmlandscape.com

FM Landscape firm provides the highest quality products and services in the industry and believes in professionalism, reliability, honesty, and responsibility. The firm is dedicated to offering excellent services from design to installation, to meet client budgets and lifestyles. 

Architects in Riverside - Top 20 Architects in Riverside -Sheet9
fm landscape design_©http://fmlandscape.com/

Gracia Design 

Scope of services: Architectural Design, Structural Engineering, Interior design, Consulting, Construction Administration.
Types of Built Projects: Residential and Commercial.
Locations of Built Projects: Riverside, California
Style of work: retail/commercial, tract homes, multi-family homes.
Website: www.gdalandarch.com

Garcia Design Associates is a full-service Landscape Architectural Design firm that specializes in Schematic Design and Construction Document Plan Preparation and construction administration. 

Architects in Riverside - Top 20 Architects in Riverside -Sheet10
_multi-family homes_© https://www.gdalandarch.com/

The city of Santiago is a vibrant up-and-coming cosmopolitan city nestled in an explosion of natural wonders and cultural extravagance. The capital of Chile in South America, Santiago is a cultural and economic center of the region, boasting a great variety of diversity. The architecture of the region is an excellent tool that reflects the cultural diversity, exhibiting the historical timeline of the country through buildings scattered all through the city. Several factors influence the style and the type of architecture, including geographical, cultural, social, and political dynamics.

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Architecture of Cities: Santiago- City’s Old Colonial Core - Sheet1
Statue of the Virgin Mary on the top of Cerro San Cristóbal overlooking the city _© https://en.tripadvisor.com.hk/AttractionProductReview-g2617785-d11449030-Private_Tour_Santiago_City_Sightseeing-Santiago_Metropolitan_Region.html#/media-atf/11449030/-1:p/?albumid=-150&type=0&category=-150

Geographical Influences

Santiago’s architecture is greatly influenced by the geography of the region. Its variety of geographical terrain and natural resources have affected building materials, construction, and designs, generally. Chile occupies a prime position on the “Pacific Ring of Fire” which makes it vulnerable to a large number of natural disasters, like earthquakes, tsunamis, and floods. This has resulted in building mandates which have transformed architectural design to cope with these harmful factors. 

In ancient times, locals used to build houses of half-timbered and smeared earthen walls to have lighter and more bouncy walls that would resist severe ground movement. Many developments in the structural and material application were devised to reduce the effect of these natural dangers to buildings, with many special building codes to ensure the building withstand seismic waves.

Today buildings in the city of Santiago, have strong columns and weak beams. They usually consist of concrete and steel reinforcements, with pile foundations drilled into deep holes, to measure the wave velocity, calculate natural frequency, and then allow the building to swing freely with the seismic waves. Designs like this help to buffer and release the seismic energy instead of resisting it, to withstand even 9.0 magnitude earthquakes, as required by the Chilean Building Code. 

The Gran Torre building in the city is a 300m tall structure, the tallest building in the area. Despite its great height, the building was designed with elements to withstand any major earthquake. This was done by increasing the diagonal structure of the building to support the building. It also penetrates the copper spring shock absorber into the main base and diagonal support steel column to cushion the damage of the building caused by the earthquake.

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The Gran Torre building designed by Barreda y Asociados Watt International and César Pelli, uses angled surfaces for a dynamic reflection of the sunset. It was designed with a unique structural support system to reduce the effects of earthquakes_©javier

Historical Influences

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La Moneda Palace, the seat of the president of Chile was designed in the neoclassical style in a from that represents strength and structure_©Miguel hernandez

The Santiago Province of Chile has a rich cultural history. The city has undergone several societal changes which have had direct implications on its culture and architecture. The arrival of the Spanish colonies to the city, during the colonial era, resulted in a Spanish translation of the local architecture. This includes magnificent plazas surrounded by cathedrals, museums, and palaces. Various buildings throughout the city exhibit a variety of architectural styles like the Neoclassical style, the Art Nouveau style, etc., which contributed towards elegant and enticing facades, and luxurious interiors. 

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The Plaza de Armas was designed by the Spanish in the city using a common square grid pattern and surrounded by several significant buildings: Metropolitan Cathedral of Santiago, Central Post Office Building, Palacio de la Real Audiencia de Santiago, all of which exhibit grandeur and elegance in their Neoclassical designs. Today the plaza stands as a central landmark for various cultural celebrations, markets, and festivals.

Architecture of Cities: Santiago- City’s Old Colonial Core - Sheet4
Plaza de Armas, Santiago Chile with ts architectural landmarks spanning several historical periods_©http://santiagotourist.com/plaza-de-armas-youre-going-there-anyways-why-not-make-the-best-of-it/

Cultural Influences

Architecture of Cities: Santiago- City’s Old Colonial Core - Sheet5
Santiago Metropolitan Cathedral in the Plaza de Armas is an example of Neo-Classical style_ ©PHeymont

Christianity has always been a central religion in Chile and this resulted in the design of a number of churches and cathedrals in the region. These churches boasted several historical styles, ranging from Romanesque to Spanish Baroque. After the independence of modern Chile, there was newfound freedom of expression and living. The city of Santiago now supported a multitude of religions. In response to this, there were a variety of religious structures erected throughout the city, to support this movement for secularity. 

The Bahai Temple, designed by Canadian architect Siamak Hariri, is a place of worship for the Bahai community. The structure uses a brilliant blend of transparency and monumentality to enhance spirituality with materials of glass and translucent concrete to support the concept of openness of the religion. The structure also possesses an anti-seismic three-pendulum friction insulation system.

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Bahai Temple stands overlooking the city with a floral form that represents several ideologies of the Baháʼí faith_©FOPF / Wikipedia

Political Influences

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Centro Cultural Gabriela Mistral is a cultural center has seen many developments through Chile’s socialist, dictatorship and democratic governments _©Rodrigo Pizarro

The country of Chile has seen many political changes which have had direct implications on architecture and design. With the transition of government from the military dictatorship under Pinochet, to a democratic system, there were several major beneficial changes in Chilean society. Designs and planning changed to support a system of acceptance and equality amongst the public. It led to the revival of a more socially conscious architect, whose aim was to improve the urban fabric. This included the construction of more public buildings and housing units for the poor, with an increased level of expenditure and knowledge. 

Alejandro Aravena, a Chilean architect, works on the central philosophy of social change through architecture. These efforts of having “…a holistic understanding of the built environment and has clearly demonstrated the ability to connect social responsibility, economic demands, design of human habitat and the city,” led him to win the prestigious Pritzker Prize in 2016.

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Ruca Dwellings by Undurraga Devés Arquitectos is a housing project for the Mapuche community using natural materials and historic techniques to create comfortable spaces, prone to earthquakes _©Rodrigo Pizarro

Santiago Today

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Siamese towers designed by Alejandro Aravena uses several innovative techniques to ensure comfort, functionality and sustainability  at a reduced cost_©Cristobal Palma

Today the city of Santiago has overcome a series of obstacles to have a complete transformation of its architectural style and expression. The city strives for maintaining designs based on the city’s great cultural, geographical, and resource diversity. It now focuses on bettering systems and models to improve the functionality and the aesthetics of the space using modern tools and technology for the refined feeling of the 21st century. 

Architects of the city like Aravena, Lateral, and Cristián Fernández architects and Cecilia Puga create designs based on a holistic approach through contextual setting, cultural ties, and user equality. Above all, the architecture of Santiago focuses on acceptance and adaptability through design, constantly changing itself to strive for a newfound perfection.

References

  1. En.wikipedia.org. 2021. Architecture of Chile – Wikipedia. [online] Available at: <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Architecture_of_Chile> [Accessed 12 September 2021].
  2. <https://www.avontuura.com/must-see-architecture-in-santiago-chile/#:~:text=Santiago%20is%20going%20through%20an,exploring%20new%20forms%20and%20technologies.> [Accessed 12 September 2021].
  3. WikiArquitectura. 2021. ✅ Gran Torre Santiago – Gran Costanera Tower – Data, Photos & Plans – WikiArquitectura. [online] Available at: <https://en.wikiarquitectura.com/building/gran-torre-santiago-gran-costanera-tower/> [Accessed 12 September 2021].
  4. <https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2016/apr/10/architect-alejandro-aravena-pritzker-prize-elemental-housing-iquique-constitucion-tsunami-defences> [Accessed 12 September 2021].
  5. ArchDaily. 2021. Ruca Dwellings / Undurraga Devés Arquitectos. [online] Available at: <https://www.archdaily.com/456299/ruca-dwellings-undurraga-deves-arquitectos> [Accessed 12 September 2021].

Salvador is the principal capital of Brazil established in 1549 on a little landmass that isolates Todos os Santos Bay from the Atlantic Ocean on the upper east shoreline of Brazil, Salvador de Bahia became Portuguese America’s first capital and remained so until 1763. Its establishing and notable job as a frontier capital partners it with the topic of world investigation. The design truly discloses to us something about its past, present, and sometimes, its future. Architecture in Salvador da Bahia in Brazil is an exemplary illustration of this, as it is a city portrayed by an interwoven of societies that has a remarkable story to tell.

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Remembered for the UNESCO World Heritage Site list in 1985, the Historic Center of Salvador, Bahia, assembled a progression of exceptional metropolitan and design highlights, acquired from its past as provincial capital. When they dispatched Lina Bo Bardi to foster the restoration project, the middle was basically in ruins with more than about a third of deserted properties. 

Nonetheless, the mediation focussed on reestablishing the significant constructions, yet additionally on safeguarding the ‘well-known soul’ of the city, making a useful tissue that would try not to dislodge the nearby populace.

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Vibrancy in the city_©https://www.viator.com

Architecture and Built

Salvador de Bahia’s memorable focus – a famous illustration of Renaissance metropolitan organizing adjusted to a pioneer site – is the Cidade Alta (Upper Town), a guarded, managerial and private area roosted on an 85m-high ledge. This densely assembled pilgrim city second to none of the Brazilian upper east is recognized by its strict, common, and military pioneer design dating from the seventeenth to the nineteenth hundreds of years. 

Salvador de Bahia is additionally prominent as one of the significant places of a union of European, African, and American Indian societies of the sixteenth to the eighteenth hundred years.

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The combinations of architecture and the dynamicity in the streetscape_©Gabriel Yuji_https://unsplash.com

Notwithstanding significant structures dating from the seventeenth and eighteenth hundreds of years, for example, the Catedral Basílica de Salvador and the temples and cloisters of São Francisco, São Domingos, Carmo and Santo Antônio, the Historic Center of Salvador de Bahia holds various sixteenth century public spaces, including the Municipal Plaza, the Largo Terreiro de Jesus and the Largo de São Francisco, just as elaborate castles, among them the Palácio do Arcebispado, Palácio Saldanha and Palácio Ferrão.

Cultural Neighbourhoods

Many know Salvador’s noteworthy Pelourinho neighborhood as the city’s entire being. The dynamic roads and the treated hued structures that line them are what ordinarily draw individuals to Salvador in the first place, and light of current circumstances. 

On a walk around this UNESCO area, guests will coincidentally find a large number of the destinations that make up Salvador’s social texture, among them the Igreja de São Francisco, streetside capoeira exhibitions, nearby workmanship displays and historical centers, road food, and the Mercado Modelo.

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Cross Pollination of cultures and an evoking streetscape_©Marianna Smiley

Candomblé and Cachoeira

Away from the coast, around 70 miles inland, lies Cachoeira, a curious old provincial town that is encircled by tobacco and sugarcane estates, where Brazil’s slaves once worked the land and their religion, Candomblé, bloomed. While trying to keep up with their West African Yoruba ceremonies, slaves matched their divine beings and goddesses, known as orishas, with Catholic holy people, seeing similarities between St. George and Ogun, their divine force of war. 

A little local area settled in the moving green slopes of Cachoeira on the Paraguaçu River, for the ones who practice this Afro-Catholic religion. The Sisterhood of the Boa Morte sings the tunes of its predecessors and honors female spirits Oshun, the divinity of streams and fruitfulness, and Yansan, the god of wind, lightning, and thunder. A stroll through the town’s market and woodcraft shops allude to Cachoeira’s past as a significant farming station, and a visit to the Dannemann Cigar Factory exhibits the unmistakable quality of tobacco specifically. 

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A snap of a street of the provincial village, Cachoeira_©https://www.viator.com

Elevator Lacerda

This elevator is one of the primary associating courses between the high and lower city and was initially worked in 1872. It was redesigned and transformed into the Art-Deco plan in 1930 and named Lacerda out of appreciation for the first designer. It currently has air conditioning, offers a lovely perspective on the city and cove as you ascend to the top, and offers transportation to more than 50,000 individuals every year.

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Elevator Lacerda. Credits: Cleverson Magalhaes_©https://unsplash.com

Churches in the city

With Brazil being home to more than 130 million Catholics, more than some other country on the planet, it shocks no one those marvelous temples, all things considered, and estimates are dispersed all through the city of Salvador. 

The Catedral Basilica de Salvador is pretty much as forcing and elaborate as any significant church on the planet: huge roofs, brilliant chambers, and remarkable bits of craftsmanship, all carefully protected, are only a portion of this delightful structure’s features. Then, at that point, not a long way from the cathedral you will discover the Igreja da Ordem Terceira de Nossa Senhora do Rosário dos Pretos, a congregation that was worked throughout the span of 100 years by slaves during the evening when they weren’t chipping away at the sugar ranches. 

Simple to discover because of its lovely pastel blue façade, this congregation is an incredible understanding of Salvador’s social history just as lodging some superb masterpieces and figures. If you are a rehearsing Catholic, going to amass here is an incredible encounter, as components of Bahia’s Candomblé religion are entwined with regular components of Catholicism.

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A part of the historic city declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. _©http://pelourinhodiaenoite.salvador.ba.gov.br

Casa do Comercio 

Salvador isn’t simply loaded up with provincial architecture – there are numerous instances of cutting-edge structures to gaze upon. Built in the last part of the 1980s, the Casa do Comercio (‘Commercial House’) is a show-stopper in itself. Boxed floors take shots out at a point and component flickering floor-to-roof windows, alongside plant life gushing out over the edges at every possible opportunity. 

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Commercial House_©https://www.bahiadevalor.com.br

Thus, alongside its brilliant seashores, clamoring markets, and vivid fairs, in case you are arranging an excursion to Salvador da Bahia make certain to set aside some effort to truly see the value in the numerous extraordinary structures that assist with painting the image of this memorable South American city.

References 

UNESCO World Heritage Centre. (n.d.). Historic Centre of Salvador de Bahia. Retrieved September 9, 2021, from https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/309/

Historic Centre of Salvador de Bahia. (n.d.). Google Arts & Culture. Retrieved September 9, 2021, from https://artsandculture.google.com/story/historic-centre-of-salvador-de-bahia/zAJiywVNu8BXLg

Mendal, M. (2019, May 17). A Design Lover‘s Guide to Salvador, Brazil. Architectural Digest. https://www.architecturaldigest.com/story/design-lovers-guide-salvador-brazil

on http://www.designandarchitecture.net/

Author

Disha is a 21 year old work-in-progress studying architecture. She is truly passionate about movies, art, books and writing. What sets her apart is her optimistic attitude and the desire to always strive for perfection. Coffee and cognizance is what keeps her sane.

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