False ceilings, also known as drop, suspended, and grid ceilings, are secondary ceilings hanging below the ceiling with the help of suspension methods. Its increasing popularity can be attributed to its aesthetics, acoustics, functionality, thermal insulation, and durability

Types of False Ceilings

Plaster of Paris (PoP) false ceilings

PoP is one of the most popular materials in roofing applications. It is essentially gypsum without its water content available in powdered form. Adding water hardens it, making for good building material for ceilings. It is maintenance-free, durable, and a good insulator. It is utilized for enhancing the lighting conditions of space. False ceilings of this material come in various designs and finishes. Its primary disadvantage is that it tends to develop cracks over time.

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Plaster of Paris Ceiling_©Palak Aggrawal

Gypsum false ceiling

Gypsum is a calcium sulphate available as an evaporative mineral. Its thermal and sound insulation, light weight, and fire resistance properties are why these are widely used for suspended ceilings. It is available in various colours, and its aesthetic looks can be enhanced using laminate, paint, wallpaper, and texture finishes. It’s a flexible material and can provide multiple shape options like plain, curved, stepped, and coffered. 

Wood Ceiling Panels

Wood false ceilings are mainly chosen for their aesthetics, having natural patterns and textures. They are most suitable for cold climates and are easily installable. They can be finished in multiple ways, including painting. Although they are durable, they are sensitive to termite attacks. 

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Wood Ceiling_©Hoang Le

Fibre ceiling tiles

Also known as acoustic or soundproofing ceilings, false fibre ceilings are known for their sound and heat insulation properties. They are achieved by combining various materials like bitumen, tars, vegetable fibre, and more. Because of their reinforcements, fibre ceiling tiles tend to be tough and fire-resistant, making them suitable for commercial structures like malls, showrooms, and offices. 

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Fibre ceiling_©Armstrong Ceilings

Glass ceiling panels

Glass is an extraordinary material to improve the aesthetics of a false ceiling due to its non-crystalline yet transparent nature. Although its brittle use reduces its uses, the brittleness can be reduced by adding suitable additives. Its transparency can be used to make small spaces look more extensive and are a good insulator. For areas like libraries, restaurants, bookstores, and jewellery shops, glass ceiling panels are the ideal roofing solution. 

PVC false ceiling panels

Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) is an excellent material for suspended ceilings in garages, bathrooms, toilets, kitchens and basements. These ceiling panels are cost-effective, easy to install and maintain, lightweight and resistant to moisture and termites. They also are not affected by UV light and can be finished in various ways.

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PVC ceiling_©Jasa Baja Ringan Griyabaja

Metal ceiling tiles

Metals like aluminium and galvanised iron are used in false ceilings. They are hard and durable by nature, quick to install, and require little maintenance. They can also be easily removed and re-installed, making them ideal for hiding water pipes, AC ducts and electric wires. These panels can be finished in many ways, increasing their aesthetic appeal. 

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Metal ceiling_©Kathy Gagnon

Fabric or Synthetic Leather false ceiling panels

Fabric and synthetic leather false ceilings are mostly ornamental rather than functional. They create a striking ambience due to their intricate designs matching the interiors. Since they are functionally weak, they are used for temporary events.

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Fabric ceiling_©Anna Spaller

Different Application Areas of Interior Design Ceilings

False ceilings are utilized in multiple areas in interiors, but the same material or idea cannot be used in every space. Each space has its requirements, so it is essential to know which design applies to each area. 


As the house’s entryway, it is essential to have a perfect look. The ceiling design must suit the rest of the house with its unique touch. Sufficient lighting is required to provide brightness and warmth to anyone entering the home, making PoP false ceilings the ideal choice.

False Ceiling in Lobby _©Mariela Apollonio
Ceiling in Lobby _©Mariela Apollonio


With oversized dimensions, it is vital to have a good look for the hall. A dull hall makes the rest of the house look gloomy. The necessary features for false ceiling designs for these spaces are sound absorption, insulation, and energy efficiency. Fibre ceiling tiles are optimal for halls. 

Ceiling in Hall-Dining_©Sreenag BRS

Living Room

The living room holds great importance and is integral since it gives the first impression of your house. It is not just a common area for the family but can also serve as a drawing room or a guest room, so the ceiling design for these spaces relies on aesthetics. Gypsum, wood, and glass are all excellent materials for the living room’s false ceiling.

Ceiling in Living Room_©Jeremias Gonzalez


The kitchen requires a highly functional and productive false ceiling as it is one of the most functional spaces in the residence. The ceiling should be waterproof, fire-resistant, non-toxic and durable. It should enhance the overall productivity of the kitchen and complement the resourcefulness of the kitchen. It’s essential to ensure the ceiling design isn’t too congested or clustered. PVC ceiling panels are often selected for kitchens. 

Ceiling in Kitchen_©Milena Villalba


The bedroom is a space which is private and must be peaceful while having high functionality. Its interiors should be fulfilling, requiring the ceiling design to be chosen carefully. However, bedrooms have further classifications to have in the budget. For example, a modern design would be suitable for small bedrooms, but for children’s bedrooms, a fun design would be better. 

Ceiling in Bedroom_©Jose Hevia


It’s essential for the bathroom’s interior to be comfortable, functional and relaxing. In addition to that, it should be waterproof and sturdy to handle the weight of the various fittings. Hence, PVC ceiling panels are the ideal choice for washrooms.

Ceiling in Bathroom_©Eugeni Pons

Factors Determining the Cost of False Ceilings

Multiple factors determine the cost of these ceilings, like:

  1. Design: An increase in the design’s complexity would increase the costs.
  2. Measurements: Contrary to public opinion, large ceilings cost less than smaller ceilings, as you can buy the material in bulk at wholesale prices.
  3. Material: Although high-quality materials are expensive, they offer durability in the design. 
  4. Additional cost: Such as installation, fitting, finishes, etc.
Ceiling_©Renzo Rebagliati

False Ceilings Price List

  1. Gypsum False Ceilings: These often come between Rs 50 to Rs 150/square foot. However, 3D Gypsum ceilings can cost up to Rs 350/square foot. 
  2. PoP False Ceilings: Usually available for Rs 35 to 120/square foot.
  3. PVC False Ceilings: Available for Rs 20 to 80/square foot.
  4. Wooden False Ceilings: The costs often range from Rs 110 to 1000/square foot. These ceilings are more expensive due to the high cost of the material and maintenance. However, if budget is not an issue, these panels offer pleasing aesthetics. 
  5. Glass False Ceilings: Prices often vary according to the glass thickness selected but range between Rs 350 to Rs 600/square foot.
  6. Fibre False Ceilings: The costs range between Rs 65 to Rs 450/square foot. Due to their low costs, they are gaining appeal in commercial applications. However, they are unsuitable for residential applications. 
  7. Online sources

Citations for websites:

Economic Times (2019) : Types of false ceiling panels or ceiling tiles commonly used in India and their applications. Available at: https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/small-biz/productline/building-materials/false-ceiling-commonly-used-false-ceiling-panels-or-ceiling-tiles-in-india-and-their-applications/articleshow/69927893.cms?from=mdr  [Accessed 12 September 2022].

BuildingandInteriors (2022) : The ultimate guide to help select the best one (prices incl.). Available at: https://buildingandinteriors.com/false-ceilings-the-ultimate-guide-to-help-select-the-best-one-prices-incl/#penci-Different-application-areas-of-interior-design-ceilings  [Accessed 12 September 2022].

  1. Images/visual mediums

Citations for images/photographs – Print or Online:

Aggrawal, P. (2021). False Ceiling Design Interior. [Photograph].

Le, H. (2015). EPV House. [Photograph].

Armstrong Ceilings. (n.d.) Fibre Ceiling Tiles. [Photograph].

Griyabaja, J. (n.d.) PVC False Ceiling. [Photograph].

Aid Inn Plus. (n.d.) Metal False Ceiling. [Photograph].

Spaller, A. (2022). Fabric False Ceiling. [Photograph].

Apollonio, M. (2015). House in Barrio del Carmen. [Photograph].

BRS, S. (2022). The Gully Home. [Photograph].

Gonzalez, J. (2016). Cloys Apartment. [Photograph].

Villalba, M. (2018). REI House. [Photograph].

Hevia, J. (2015). Font Rubi Cottage. [Photograph].

Pons, E. (2019). GB House. [Photograph].

Rebagliati, R. (2014). The Panda House. [Photograph].


A student interested in understanding people and their relation with spaces better, both through the built and unbuilt. She is fascinated by little things and wants to share that feeling with the world through her words.