The use of artificial intelligence in architecture will enable the creation of sophisticated, data-driven structures. The norm will be extremely efficient complex volumes, with parametric and kinetic design as the next standard. Project management, waste integration, waste reduction, and space planning are all areas where AI will have a big impact. Artificial intelligence and architecture will need to collaborate to address challenges with housing, how we live, and growing cities.  Around the world, several megacities will arise, and AI will play a significant role in shaping these cities.

A machine imitating human cognitive processes like problem-solving, pattern recognition, and learning is referred to as exhibiting artificial intelligence (AI). A part of artificial intelligence is machine learning. Machine learning is a branch of artificial intelligence that employs statistical methods to enable computer systems to “learn” from data without being explicitly programmed. As it is exposed to more data, a machine becomes more adept at comprehending and offering insights.

Large-scale infrastructure, creativity, and inclusiveness are required for this transition. Recently, artificial intelligence in the industry has dominated the news. AI is infused into many different industries, giving individuals new ways to approach and overcome challenging problems.

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What role can AI play in Architecture Design?  

Like any other technology, we can reshape AI to serve our interests. However, doing so entails a high level of risk, so we must be prepared to wait and see how the process unfolds and produces extraordinary results. Ai is a new technology, so there is still much work to be done and plenty of room for error. We face numerous challenges, including a dearth of information, poor management, a lack of assistance, a lack of coordination, and other problems. But architecture needs to adapt and change, just like any other industry. The use of new data becomes crucial in the decision-making process. AI can get around these limitations. Based on the data gathered, it can decide, extract data, and evaluate that data.

Analysing the applicability, quality, and variances is crucial when working on a project.

It does, however, take time. The entire practice requires a great deal of work and investigation. With the computerized architectural design, architects can adopt a more scientific and unbiased methodology. Instead of replacing an architect, AI is intended to enhance their work.

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Generative Design _©archpaper

AI Helps To Take Informed Design Decision 

 AI algorithms can assess a lot of data, including information about the climate, building regulations, and construction costs, which helps architects make better design choices. AI algorithms, for instance, can be used to study the local environment to identify a building’s ideal orientation and shading, lowering energy use and enhancing indoor air quality.

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Ai Role in Building Construction

Alerts-Field reporting software allows foremen to submit job site activity or issues directly into the system, which can be set to send a notification or alert on certain keywords, such as ‘delay’ or ‘safety’. These alerts keep key stakeholders up-to-date on projects 

Project and subcontractor management-In order to make decisions that will affect the project’s quality, safety, profitability, and schedule, construction companies use AI to analyze project data in real-time, including monitoring construction sites and predictive analytics.

Robots-Hadrian X, a massive bricklaying robot created by Fastbrick Robotics that can build homes in two days, has recently started work on its biggest project yet: constructing the walls of 16 townhouses. However, robots are still not frequently seen on construction sites.

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Augmented reality 

Construction sites are highly disorganized, noisy, and soiled locations. Even though the use of the BIM system reduces many incompatibilities and unpleasant surprises during the construction process, mistakes and doubts are bound to happen. Furthermore, every error or rework adds significant expense and time.

Applications for augmented reality are supposed to be able to give a more accurate representation of what will be constructed, including all of the layers of materials and installations that are frequently difficult to comprehend through drawings. To facilitate project execution and improve project understanding, 3D plans, and even virtual model holograms are used. Some of the applications are Morpholio Ar Sketchwalk, DAQRI Smart Helmet Measure Apps for Ios and Android, Augment Fologram, Gamma AR, Waking App, and Arki.`

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Fologram _©

Sustainable intelligent buildings

Smart buildings share information, manage operations, and improve human interaction. These developments are both incredibly fascinating and good for sustainability. Here are some ways that we are benefiting from the increasing use of these modern inventions.

It goes without saying that buildings use a lot of energy to run. Unfortunately, the environment suffers more damage the more energy is required. Most of the time, more resources are provided than are required. This is not only wasteful but also unethical. Fortunately, smart buildings provide a workable answer to rising energy needs.

Innovative features found in smart buildings make it simple to monitor how much energy is being consumed. The best part is that these tools don’t require human interaction. For instance, the majority of smart buildings have lights that switch on and off by themselves. Having said that, human error doesn’t exhaust energy supplies. In essence, smart buildings enable energy conservation and efficiency promotion.

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Parametric Design  

The first examples of parametric design, in which elements are molded according to computational procedures, may be seen in the Islamic architectural style and Antonio Gaudi‘s church design. This approach establishes the connection between design response and design intent using parameters and rules. The algorithm’s input parameters are referred to as parametric.

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Parametric Design in Islamic Architecture_©

In recent years, projects have incorporated parametric modelling via the scripting interfaces of software programs. Visual scripting interfaces that use diagrams rather than text are advantageous for the majority of designers. The main visual scripting interfaces based on graphs that map the flow of relations from parameters through user-defined functions, typically leading to the generation of geometry, are Grasshopper by Robert McNeel & Associates, Generative Components by Bentley Systems, and Dynamo by Revit Autodesk. The digital technologies employed in architecture and design in the twenty-first century have allowed architects the most freedom and expression possibilities in a short period.

Future AI advances may simplify these scripts even more, making them easier for people to use.

AI + Architecture _©Stanislas Chaillou

Undoubtedly, Artificial Intelligence (AI) is becoming the new reality, and the subset of AI is emerging technologies like big data, robotics, and IoT. It will continue to act as a technological innovator in the coming years. Machines working alongside humans are not just in sci-fi movies but also will be in the real world. And hopefully, Ai can be embedded into architectural practice in the future in an effortless manner.


Greengard, S. (2022) How AI is making Smart Buildings More Sustainable, greener, InformationWeek. [online]Available at: (Accessed: April 15, 2023). 

Heiskanen, A. (2022) Fologram and all brick introduce an entirely new way of building in Ar, AEC Business.[online] Available at: (Accessed: April 15, 2023). 

Idea by Rron Beqiri Bregu i Diellit 2 and Idea by Rron Beqiri Bregu i Diellit 2 (no date) A.I. Architecture Intelligence, Future Architecture.[online] Available at: (Accessed: April 15, 2023). 

Koumari, L. (2022) What is parametric design in architecture?, Parametric Architecture.[online] Available at: (Accessed: April 15, 2023). 

Koumari, L. (2022) What is parametric design in architecture?, Parametric Architecture. Available at: (Accessed: April 15, 2023). 

Mohanlal, S. (2022) The use of artificial intelligence in construction, GetSmarter Blog.[online] Available at: (Accessed: April 15, 2023). 

Viniak, V. (2021) Transforming buildings to be Smart and Sustainable: TechTarget, IoT Agenda. TechTarget. [online]Available at: (Accessed: April 15, 2023). 

Why smart buildings are important for sustainability and our environment. (2021) Davra. [online]Available at: (Accessed: April 15, 2023). 


Amrutha is an architect and designer based in Bangalore. She is a voracious reader and believes that architecture is similar to a narrative that slowly unfolds in time and space. As an avid traveller she finds thrill in serendipitous encounters.