India’s infrastructure and construction industry are witnessing rapid growth. On the one hand, the sector is a significant economic activity of the nation, and at the same time, it poses various environmental challenges. The industry needs to embrace green concepts and techniques, which can help to boost growth sustainably. Moreover, these concepts can improve occupant health, productivity, and well-being. To raise awareness among stakeholders, IGBC launched the Green Building Moment in 2001 to promote green building in India. As part of its work, the Indian Green Building Council constantly provides tools to facilitate the adoption of green building practices in India.

An overview of The Indian Green Building Council (IGBC) - Sheet
India Infrastructure_©

What Are Green Buildings? | Indian Green Building Council

Recent years have seen the term ‘Green Buildings’ dominate headlines. But, what is it exactly? What makes these buildings different? And what makes them green?

A green building uses less water, energy, and other natural resources which creates less waste and greenhouse gas emissions and is safer for its occupants than a regular building. The construction of Green Structure is aimed at using local resources, preserving the environment, and in many cases saving energy, water, and materials.

Indian Green Building Council_©igbc

What is IGBC?

The Indian Green Building Council (IGBC), an affiliate of the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII), was formed in 2001. In India, the council’s vision is “To make the built environment sustainable for everyone and to be a global leader in sustainable construction by 2025”. A wide array of services are available through the council, such as green building rating programs, certification services, and training programs. Additionally, the organization hosts the Green Building Congress, its flagship annual event related to sustainable buildings.

Objectives Of IGBC | Indian Green Building Council

The objective is to encourage the creation of environment-friendly buildings through architectural design, water efficiency, efficient waste disposal, energy efficiency, sustainable buildings, and occupant comfort.

IGBC Rating Systems

Green building rating offers a range of practices and solutions that reduce environmental impacts. It is an integrated approach that considers the life cycle impacts of the resources used. Its rating systems are voluntary, consensus-guided, and based on the market. It combines ancient architectural practices with modern technological innovations in a scheme based on the five elements of nature (Panchabhutas). Applicable to all five climatic zones of the country, the IGBC rating program has become both National by Choice and Global by Performance.

The launch of the following green building rating systems by the IGBC plays a significant role in the development of the green building movement in India:

  1. Government Incentives to IGBC Projects
  2. IGBC Green New Buildings
  3. IGBC Green Existing Buildings
  4. IGBC Green Homes
  5. IGBC Green Residential Societies
  6. IGBC Green Affordable Housing
  7. IGBC Green Healthcare
  8. IGBC Health and Well-being
  9. IGBC Green Schools
  10. IGBC Green Resorts
  11. IGBC Green Factory Buildings
  12. IGBC Green Data Center
  13. IGBC Green Interiors
  14. IGBC Green Service Buildings
  15. IGBC Green Logistics Parks and Warehouses
  16. IGBC Green Campus
  17. IGBC Green Cities
  18. IGBC Green Existing Cities
  19. IGBC Green Townships
  20. IGBC Green SEZs
  21. IGBC Green Villages
  22. IGBC Green Landscapes
  23. IGBC Green Mass Rapid Transit System
  24. IGBC Green Existing Mass Rapid Transit System
  25. IGBC Green Railway Stations
  26. Renewal of IGBC Green Rating
  27. IGBC Net Zero Energy Buildings
  28. IGBC Net Zero Water Buildings
  29. IGBC Green High-Speed Rail
  30. IGBC Green Hill Habitat
  31. IGBC Expedited Review Process
  32. IGBC Net Zero Waste Rating System

Features Of Rating System | Indian Green Building Council

To develop the rating program, IGBC has established the Green New Buildings Core Committee. Members of this committee include architects, builders, consultants, developers, owners, institutions, manufacturers, and industry representatives. The committee’s diverse backgrounds and knowledge contributed to the content and process of the rating system.  

This rating system emphasizes certain unique aspects, including 

  • Recognition for architectural excellence through an integrated design approach
  • Recognition of passive architectural features.
  • Structural design optimization using steel and cement. It is a developmental credit. 
  • Water use reduction for construction. It is also a developmental credit. 
  • Based on the feedback from green building proponents, the use of certified green products will be encouraged. To transform markets, IGBC has launched a new initiative for certifying green products. The product’s lifecycle is taken into consideration. 
  • It is encouraged that projects report their energy and water consumption data every year so that research can proceed in this area.  

As part of the IGBC Green New Building rating system, green features can be classified as follows: 

  1. Sustainable Architecture and Design  
  2. Site Selection and Planning 
  3. Water Conservation 
  4. Energy Efficiency 
  5. Building Materials and Resources 
  6. Indoor Environmental Quality
  7. Innovation and Development

Image 3_Categories of IGBC green rating system_©green clean guide

Following are the various levels of rating:

Certification Level  Recognition
Certified Good Practices
Silver Best Practices
Gold Outstanding Performance
Platinum National Excellence
Super Platinum Global Leadership


These threshold criteria determine certification levels:

Certification Level  Owner-occupied Buildings Tenant-occupied Buildings  Recognition
Certified 50 – 59 50 – 59 Good Practices
Silver 60 – 69 60 – 69 Best Practices
Gold 70 – 79 70 – 79 Outstanding Performance
Platinum 80 – 89 80 – 89 National Excellence
Super Platinum 90 – 100 90 – 100 Global Leadership


Reference – 

1) IGBC India. Green Building & Sustainable Architecture in India.[online]. Available at:


Mrinal is a curious, open-minded person who is keen to explore the world around her. She is a nature lover who enjoys traveling, reading, sketching, and photography. She believes that words are portable magic. She yearns to share the tales of Cities, Architecture, Nature, Cultures, and People through her writing.