11.Notre-Dame de Paris, France – 

The most famous example of French Gothic Architecture, the Notre Dame Cathedral is known for its colorful stained glass windows and flying buttresses.

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©www.archinect.com/news/article/150194922/notre-dame-jobsite-prepares-to-reopen-in-early-may
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©www.mymodernmet.com/notre-dame-rose-windows-saved/

NEOCLASSICISM

From the 19th to the 21st century, Neoclassicism developed as a cultural movement, sometimes overlapping with Romanticism. Neoclassical art and architecture is a reflection of conservative progress and simpler ornamentation.

12.The White House, USA – 

Designed in the 1790s by James Hoban, the White House has influences from Italian architecture as well as classical style.

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13.Somerset House, England – 

The Somerset House in London overlooks the River Thames and is a working arts center today. The façade and the interiors as well are both embellished with neoclassicism motifs.

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14.Arc de Triomphe, France – 

Built in the glory of the French armed forces, the Arc de Triomphe in Paris is filled with sculptural reliefs and religious motifs.

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©www.thingstodoinparis.com/attractions/arcdetriomphe/history/the-design/
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©www.theculturetrip.com/europe/france/paris/articles/a-brief-history-of-paris-arc-de-triomphe/

CUBISM

The Cubism art movement originated in the early 20th century. While Cubist art gained a lot of recognition and influenced many future artists, Cubist architecture was very rare and the style did not last long. Cubism is characterized by sloping surfaces, geometric forms like triangles and cubes.

15.Grand Café Orient, Prague – 

The influence of Cubism can be seen in its symmetrical facades and simple ornamentation.

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©www.czechbyjane.com/grand-cafe-orient-the-only-cubist-style-cafe-in-the-world/
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©www.czechbyjane.com/grand-cafe-orient-the-only-cubist-style-cafe-in-the-world/
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©www.czechbyjane.com/grand-cafe-orient-the-only-cubist-style-cafe-in-the-world/

16.Church of San Francesco d’Assisi al Fopponino, Italy – 

Geometrization of the facades was a common feature in Cubist architecture.

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©www.olivari.it/en/gio-ponti-relight/
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©www.pinterest.it/pin/162411130298148341/
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©www.purple.fr/diary/church-of-san-francesco-dassisi-al-fopponino-by-gio-ponti-milan/

POSTMODERNISM

Postmodernism was a progressive art and culture movement that particularly rose against the modernism movement. Postmodernist art was complex and layered, with multiple meanings. It was known for its informal, eclectic, and asymmetrical style.

17.Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, Spain – 

Designed by famous architect Frank Gehry, the Guggenheim in Bilbao is a post-modern building that falls into a subcategory of deconstructivism.

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©www.flickr.com/photos/132084522@N05/17242473422
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©www.espanarusa.com/en/hedonist/ad/hedonist/categories/Soul/Museums/213049/@Espana-Vizcaya-Bilbao–

18.M2 Building, Japan – 

The M2 Building in Tokyo was designed by architect Kengo Kuma in 1991. The building is a fusion of corbels, arches, curtain walls, and various other elements.

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©www.arch2o.com/5-unusual-facts-about-kengo-kuma/
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©www.reddit.com/r/UglyArchitecture/comments/1jm90c/m2_building_tokyo_japan_by_kengo_kuma_1600x1600/
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©www.twitter.com/loouisfernandes/status/1035827828502286336

19.Walt Disney World Dolphin and Swan Hotels, USA – 

This pair of hotels was designed by architect Michael Graves for the Walt Disney World in Florida. The designer was influenced by many historical and artistic themes for this project.

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©www.dezeen.com/2017/04/28/michael-graves-walt-disney-world-dolphin-swan-hotels-architecture-orlando-florida-postmodernism/
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©www.dezeen.com/2017/04/28/michael-graves-walt-disney-world-dolphin-swan-hotels-architecture-orlando-florida-postmodernism/
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©www.ziggyknowsdisney.com/new-350-room-hotel-swan-dolphin-area-disney-world/

MINIMALISM

Minimalism is a visual arts movement that boomed in the 1960s and 1970s, especially in the United States. Minimalist architecture can be characterized by simple materials, plain facades, neat and clean geometries, open spaces, etc. 

20.Church of the Light, Japan – 

Designed by architect Tadao Ando, the design explores the relationship between light and space. The church has plain, raw surfaces that create a simple yet pure space.

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©www.archdaily.com/101260/ad-classics-church-of-the-light-tadao-ando
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©www.archello.com/project/church-of-light
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©www.archello.com/project/church-of-light
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Author

Manvie Prusty considers herself a work in progress. Currently pursuing her fourth year as an architecture student, she aspires to be a spatial designer by day and a compulsive writer by night. She’s an eclectic design junkie, globetrotter, and an avid reader. 'A Thousand Splendid Suns' is her favourite novel.

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