Architecture Study has changed our perspective while looking towards buildings and public spaces. When I used to visit public spaces and skyscrapers, I was amazed by only its aesthetics and scale. But after joining this industry my perspective has changed while looking at skyscrapers and public spaces.
Today as an architecture student, my attention diverts to planning, climate responsive design, sustainability, services, fire safety, building height, and scale of the building. In today’s period, the sustainable concept catches more attention of the architecture fraternity, because of the growing interest in sustainable architecture and green buildings.
To know more about the architect’s perspective towards skyscrapers and public spaces, let us take an example of the Shanghai tower and understand its design through the architect’s perception.
Shanghai tower is a 128 storey tall skyscraper in Lujiazui, Pudong, shanghai. Designed by international design firm Gensler. It is one of the world’s top sustainable skyscrapers. Certified by almost all green building watchdogs. To understand in detail my perspective towards the shanghai tower,
Here are the parameters an architect looks at whenever he visits a skyscraper:
Climate Responsive Design
Climatology generally includes Natural Shading Used Against the surrounding context of space, the Influence of the Sun path and Solar Position on the built environment, and the most important, Environmental factor Such as How the built Space is reacting against Wind, Rainfall, humidity, and Noise coming from surrounding context. In the case of the shanghai tower, Rain and Wastewater are being used for internal use such as toilet flushing and for irrigating the green space in the building area.
For Wind loads, The glass facade is twisted 120 Degrees in upward directions up to the building’s top floor, which reduces at least the wind loads by 24%. For Temperature, The Double layered Insulated Glass facade Designed for the skin of the building, Which develops High tolerance for temperature variations. Double layered insulated glass resists unnecessary sunlight and Humidity, which also encourages The green building concept.
Sustainability is a hot topic going on in the architecture industry. The concept of sustainable architecture is to reduce the negative environmental impacts of building on the surrounding context, By using Sustainable materials and renewable energies. In the case of Shanghai Tower, Shanghai Tower received various certifications from Sustainability watchdogs, it is also the greenest super high rise building built in current times.
Built with a reduction of 25% structural steel as compared to a similar skyscraper of its height. Renewable energy, 270 vertical axis wind turbines fixed in the building’s facade, which generates up to 35000 Kw/h electricity per year. Which provides 10% of building electrical needs.
Concept and Planning of Building
Concept and Planning is the initial process of architectural practice, the idea and concept of the building are converted into technical drawings for further construction. The planning is done under the circumstances of providing comfort for the user after the construction. Architects convert their ideas into technical drawings before starting the construction, in the case of Shanghai Tower, Gensler, The design firm which designed the tower built a structural Circular cylinder that is being covered with a highly insulated glass facade with a twist of 120 degrees which gives the users a comfortable stay in the building against all the odds.
The form also reflects the emergence of Shanghai as a financial center. The building has 9 zones, making up 128 floors (632 meters tall). This building has hotels, museums, and offices. Zone 1 (retail), Zone 2 t o Zone 6 (office), Zone 7 and 8 (hotel), zone 9 (observation and public facilities).
Aesthetic and Ambiance
The glass facade encourages the Postmodernist Aesthetic appearance of the building. The Shanghai tower reflects the traditional shanghai culture, Vertically. The building has a rooftop garden and an observation deck for public space, built for the purpose of events. Chandeliers and stain-resistant carpeting fixed in interiors of shanghai tower’s Public space. An external groove has been fixed within external glass skin to attract viewers to understand the building’s appearance as it twists at 120 degrees from bottom to top of the building.
Semi-mature trees and shrubs landscaped in each sky lobbies, The greenery differentiates the sense of isolation from the bottom floors. Building Services Building services in architecture include providing better lighting, comfortable space, temperature and air quality, high-quality sanitation, and reliable systems for the protection of life and property. Whenever I visit the skyscraper I notice the building services used while designing the building. The shanghai tower is believed That the shanghai tower is resistant up to 3h against the fire breakout.
Building scale and height
The architectural scale has been classified into 3 types: Miniature scale, Human scale, and monumental scale; shanghai tower comes under the human scale. The height of the building is 632 meters high.
If I would visit Shanghai tower as a non-architect I would ignore all these above-mentioned parameters compared to now as an architecture student. The only thing which would amaze me is the aesthetic appearance and the height of the building. I would take the 120-degree twist at the facade as only the creative design art, ignoring the purpose of building it.