Pochampally, the hamlet called for its Ikat fabric is just an hour’s drive from Hyderabad city. 

The village was selected as the best tourism village by the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO). It is a cluster of 80 villages surrounded by lavish green fields and beautiful hills. The village is famous for handwoven silks, cotton, and ikat tie and dye. It’s the town where we get immersed into the vibrance of colors and threads and get playful in the hands of creative and skillful weavers of “ Padmasali’s” community.

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©https://telanganatoday.com

The village is fond of its fabric blended into beautiful sarees and dress materials. For the past 10 years the hamlet consisted of 3000 people and every household has one loom. But counting down to 2024,the weavers have rapidly reached 500 people.

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©https://www.thehansindia.com

Culture and People of Pochampally:

Pochampally is known for its purity of culture and acts as a perfect example of Telangana’s rural culture significance and its glory.The significance of the use of traditional color in every ceremony or ritual in everyday activities can be seen. Pochampally is known as a palette of colors all over. 

And especially the festival of flowers “Bathukamma panduga” is one of the prominent traditional festivals that highlights the colors of wildflowers. “Bonalu” is another crucial festival for villagers which is an occasion of seeking blessings for the village’s wealth and health.

One of the village’s oral heritage of storytelling(Oggukatha) is the prominent festival. The entire village comes together and celebrates these festivals with immense joy and love with folk music, drums, Vedic chants, Potharaju dance performances, etc..

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Weaving traditions:

Pochampally has been well known for its Telia rumals since the pre-independence period.

Flowers were used to extract natural dye from the rumals. “Modugu Puvvu” known as “Flame of Forest” was used to create a dye. 

Chittakam-addakam (Tie and Dye) was the most used method by weavers in those times.

Later on, Sarees with the same technique were produced.

Now, Pochampally weaves various types of clothing as well as home living items throughout the world.

Slowly, the handloom sarees and the lives of weavers are getting the limelight.

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©https://www.ikkathub.com

Vernacular Arts and Crafts:

Basket weaving: The Pichakuntla community occupies. They live in traditional houses called Kutcha houses. 

Pottery: Pottery in Pochampally is a very endangered occupation. Not only basic pots, these artisans supply kitchen utensils, handicrafts, storage units, etc.. in the most organic and eco-friendly way with no harmful chemicals in it.

Toddy Tapping: This hamlet is also known for its best and pure Toddy. Pochampally is known as home for its sweet drink called “Nerra”. Even though it is considered an alcoholic drink, it cures digestive issues in one’s body.The extractor is well-skilled to obtain the sap from very tall palm trees.

Performing Arts: Pochampally the village of folk and culture comes into being with folk music, dance and ancient rituals. Storytelling, musicians, Carpentry, art, etc.. Here are some examples of attractions.

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Tadaamyaham_©The Design Studio
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©https://www.thehansindia.com/

Vernacular Architecture:

The dwellings of Pochampally are usually in RCC constructions.

One of such traditional house is Koyyalagudem

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©singhruby.com

The house consists of a small open-to-sky space with a large interior.There are many open spaces provided throughout the house. The weavers usually dye their fabric in these courtyards for natural sunlight. The sloped roof acts as a support on four sides with a small overhang.

Nature of spaces:

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Rural Tourism at Pochampally | PDF | Weaving | Tourism_©scribd.com

Usually, all the weavers’ dwellings consist of 3-4 looms with a huge room where all the processes from preparing yarn, dyeing, and weaving happen. Few rooms were segregated for each process/technique. The dwelling consists of living, cooking, and working spaces. The toilets were outside the house.

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Rural Tourism at Pochampally | PDF | Weaving | Tourism_©scribd.com

The plan:

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Rural Tourism at Pochampally | PDF | Weaving | Tourism_©scribd.com

The house is built and has pits on the floor for the placement of weaving looms.

The verandah/Arugu is the portico from which one enters the house from the street. The verandah is directly connected to the large weaving room.

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Rural Tourism at Pochampally | PDF | Weaving | Tourism_©scribd.com

The verandah:

The large weaving room also contains a storeroom for storing all the materials and tools required in weaving.The room is also provided with yarn and for storing the achhu which is very useful in the weaving process.

Backyard room:

The backyard is also known for a working area of dyes which is an open-to-sky space. This space contains storage units of water, stoves,  and vessels which are required for the dyeing process.

It is also used as a utility area for washing clothes or utensils. This backyard also contains a well and a toilet.

Storeroom:

It is used for storing the stock of yarn, colors, fabric, etc.. It is also a room to store the groceries and pottery materials.

Puja room:

A room used both as a prayer room and a store room.

Bedroom:

The bedroom consists of some basic furniture with a wooden cot.

Kitchen:

Weavers usually use traditional ways of cooking in the backyards using firewood. Also, use an LPG gas stove indoors. A small pantry area is included in the kitchen itself.

Construction Techniques and Materials:

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Rural Tourism at Pochampally | PDF | Weaving | Tourism_©scribd.com
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Rural Tourism at Pochampally | PDF | Weaving | Tourism_©scribd.com

The materials used are lime plaster, clay bricks, and roofs of red clay tiles on timber purlins. Doors and windows are of timber and colored.

Walls:

Walls made up of mud. Rammed earth construction technique is followed, both the inner and outer walls are whitewashed. 

As the generations extended, the families were renovated to the enlargement of the backyards using brick and lime mortar.

Flooring:

Back then, flooring was done in mud but as the activities of the users changed into various rooms, the weaving room is made up of Shahabad stone as it acts pretty well in the wear and tear of the process.

Kitchen flooring of – Mud and cow dung 

Storeroom and Puja room – Tandur stone 

Verandah and drying area – stone flooring

Roofing:

Sloped roof with red clay tiles. Mangalore tiles on the outer side and country tiles on the inner side. And supported with the help of battens.The rafters supporting it are made up of teak wood or bamboo.

Natural light:

The main source of natural light is the skylight provided in the weaving room, various openings are provided throughout the dwelling.Diffused lighting is provided in other rooms.

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Rural Tourism at Pochampally | PDF | Weaving | Tourism_©scribd.com
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Vernacular architecture of any particular place doesn’t have an end, there are many aspects to take into consideration before learning and understanding about the people and their way of living. Similarly, there are many more to discuss but making it into a short read for all of you. Pochampally vernacular significance holds an immense pride and honor to every person in Telangana.

Citations:

it.pdf (itrhd.com)

M.U.R.P Dissertation, G.C.P.I.A., V.N.S.G.U.Surat (vnsgu.ac.in)

Rural Tourism at Pochampally | PDF | Weaving | Tourism (scribd.com)

Author

Neha, a fifth-year architecture student, has developed a deep interest in reading, researching, writing, creating art, and photography during her time in college. This has not only improved her design skills but has also sparked an interest in journalism. Neha aims to highlight the importance of every person's life on Earth and is venturing into new areas outside of architecture. Her passion for cultural heritage, history, and different lifestyles in various places motivates her to explore and capture the diverse cultural fabric of the world.