With the onset of industrialisation, with the invention of new materials and technology, the definition of architecture changed forever. As complex traditional buildings gave way to functional buildings, a lot of movements and ideologies emerged.  As each architect had his own set of theories it led to construction of a wide variety of buildings throughout the globe. Here is a list of 50 modernist architects and their work.

1. Frank Lloyd Wright- Falling Waters, Pennsylvania (1939)

An icon of Organic architecture, built on a waterfall.

Frank Lloyd Wright - Sheet1
Frank Lloyd Wright’s Fallingwater, Laurel Highlands© Image Courtesy by Mike Dobel © washingtonian.com
Frank Lloyd Wright - Sheet2
Webmaster Wright House, Fallingwater © wright-house.com
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Frank Lloyd Wright integrated architecture into nature at Fallingwater © Image Courtesy by Robert P Ruschak ,© dezeen.com
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Frank Lloyd Wright integrated architecture into nature at Fallingwater © Image Courtesy by Corsini Classic Summer, Source- dezeen.com

2. William Holabird And Martin Roche- Marquette Building, Illinois (1895)

One of the first steel frame skyscrapers, Chicago school of Architecture.

William Holabird and Martin Roche - Sheet1
Marquette Building, Chicago, IL, USA, Image Courtesy J.Crocker ©commons.wikimedia.org
William Holabird and Martin Roche - Sheet2
Marquette Building, Chicago, Image Courtesy A. D. White Architectural Photographs, Cornell University Library © flickr.com
William Holabird and Martin Roche - Sheet3
Chicago Architecture Centre, Marquette Building ©architecture.org

3. Joseph Paxton- Crystal Palace, London (1851)

An Exhibition Building, used steel trusses for aesthetics.

JOSEPH PAXTON- CRYSTAL PALACE - Sheet1
Crystal Palace © lejsl.com
JOSEPH PAXTON- CRYSTAL PALACE - Sheet2
The Crystal Palace in Hyde Park, London, in 1851 © wikipedia.org/wiki/Great Exhibition
JOSEPH PAXTON- CRYSTAL PALACE - Sheet3
Side view of the Crystal Palace in 1851© commons.wikimedia.org
JOSEPH PAXTON- CRYSTAL PALACE - Sheet4
Crystal Palace Centre Transept & North Tower From South Wing©commons.wikimedia.org

4. Alexandre Gustave Eiffel- Eiffel Tower, Paris (1889)

A wrought iron tower that glorifies the skyline of Paris

ALEXANDRE GUSTAVE EIFFEL - Sheet1
The Eiffel Tower, Image Courtesy by Benh Lieu Song © commons.wikimedia.org
ALEXANDRE GUSTAVE EIFFEL - Sheet2
Construction of Tour Eiffel © commons.wikimedia.org
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American soldiers watch as the Tricolor flies from the Eiffel Tower © commons.wikimedia.org

5. Antonio Gaudi-Sagrada Familia, Barcelona (2010)

A combination of Gothic and Art Nouveau.

ANTONIO GAUDI - Sheet1
Sagrada Familia from Placa de Gaudi, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain, Image Courtesy C Messier © commons.wikimedia.org
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Sagrada Familia © klook.com
ANTONIO GAUDI - Sheet3
Barcelona, La Sagrada Família, Image Courtesy Banja-Frans Mulder © commons.wikimedia.org

6. Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe-Seagram Building, New York (1958)

Integrates elements of functional aesthetics with modern architecture.

LUDWIG MIES VAN DER ROHE - Sheet1
Mies van der Rohe with Philip Johnson, Seagram Building © uk.phaidon.com
LUDWIG MIES VAN DER ROHE - Sheet2
The skyscraper centre, Seagram Building Image Courtesy Marshall Gerometta/CTBUH © skyscrapercenter.com
LUDWIG MIES VAN DER ROHE - Sheet3
The skyscraper centre, Seagram Building, Image Courtesy John W. Cahill/CTBUH © skyscrapercenter.com
LUDWIG MIES VAN DER ROHE - Sheet4
The skyscraper centre, Seagram Building, Image Courtesy John W. Cahill/CTBUH © skyscrapercenter.com

7. Le Corbusier- Villa Savoye, Paris (1931)

An Internationalist building that lists Le Corbusier’s “5 points”.

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5 Points, Image Courtesy Erika Hrivikova © learnvray.com
LE CORBUSIER - Sheet2
Le Corbusier, Villa Savoye, Poissy, France, Image Courtesy Valueyou © commons.wikimedia.org
LE CORBUSIER - Sheet3
Montse Zomarana Photography © montsezamorano.com
LE CORBUSIER - Sheet4
Montse Zomarana Photography © montsezamorano.com

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8. Walter Gropius- Fagus Shoe Factory, Alfred (1925)

Inspired by the Bauhaus school of Architecture.

WALTER GROPIUS - Sheet1
Fagus Factory, Image Courtesy Carsten Janssen © commons.wikimedia.org
WALTER GROPIUS - Sheet2
Fagus Factory, Image Courtesy Traveler100 © commons.wikimedia.org
WALTER GROPIUS - Sheet3
Fagus Factory © fagus-werk.com
WALTER GROPIUS - Sheet4
Fagus Factory © fagus-werk.com

9. Eric Mendelson- Einstein Tower, Potsdam (1921)

An astrophysical observatory, depicts Expressionism.

Eric Mendelson - Sheet1
Einstein Tower in Potsdam, Germany, Image Courtesy Astrophysikalisches Institut Potsdam © commons.wikimedia.org
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Einstein Tower rear view, Image Courtesy By Marcus Winter from Potsdam © commons.wikimedia.org
Eric Mendelson - Sheet3
Einstein Tower, Image Courtesy H.Raab © flickr.com

10. Santiago Calatrava- City Of Arts And Sciences, Valencia (1998)

The iconic structure represents a giant eye.

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City of Arts and Sciences, Image Courtesy Jcca76 © commons.wikimedia.org
SANTIAGO CALATRAVA - Sheet2
Hemispheric Twilight – Valencia, Spain, Image Courtesy Diliff © commons.wikimedia.org
SANTIAGO CALATRAVA - Sheet3
Museu de les Ciències Príncipe Felipe Image Courtesy HuseyinUlucay © commons.wikimedia.org
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Architectural Journalist

Rethinking The Future

Rishika Sood is a student of architecture, currently in her third year. She has a keen interest in exploring buildings and aspires to work towards the conservation of historic monuments. She is particularly drawn indigenous art, craft and lives of the craftsmen associated with it.

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