With the onset of industrialisation, with the invention of new materials and technology, the definition of architecture changed forever. As complex traditional buildings gave way to functional buildings, a lot of movements and ideologies emerged. As each architect had his own set of theories it led to construction of a wide variety of buildings throughout the globe. Here is a list of 50 modernist architects and their work.
1. Frank Lloyd Wright- Falling Waters, Pennsylvania (1939)
An icon of Organic architecture, built on a waterfall.
2. William Holabird And Martin Roche- Marquette Building, Illinois (1895)
One of the first steel frame skyscrapers, Chicago school of Architecture.
3. Joseph Paxton- Crystal Palace, London (1851)
An Exhibition Building, used steel trusses for aesthetics.
4. Alexandre Gustave Eiffel- Eiffel Tower, Paris (1889)
A wrought iron tower that glorifies the skyline of Paris
5. Antonio Gaudi-Sagrada Familia, Barcelona (2010)
A combination of Gothic and Art Nouveau.
6. Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe-Seagram Building, New York (1958)
Integrates elements of functional aesthetics with modern architecture.
7. Le Corbusier- Villa Savoye, Paris (1931)
An Internationalist building that lists Le Corbusier’s “5 points”.
8. Walter Gropius- Fagus Shoe Factory, Alfred (1925)
Inspired by the Bauhaus school of Architecture.
9. Eric Mendelson- Einstein Tower, Potsdam (1921)
An astrophysical observatory, depicts Expressionism.
10. Santiago Calatrava- City Of Arts And Sciences, Valencia (1998)
The iconic structure represents a giant eye.