“The answers to our questions are everywhere; we just need to change the lens with which we see the world.” -Janine Benyus.
India is famous for its unity in diversity with its rich heritage and culture, the country is continuously developing and leaving its mark on the world by its achievements, technological advancement, and infrastructure. People from all over the world visit India every year to adore its architectural marvels. changing times have also changed the perspective of the nation’s architects and structures and slowly adopting the principles of biomimicry as a guiding lighthouse towards a sustainable modern India.
Here is some example which shows an exemplary use of biomimicry to create some truly unconventional structures :
1. Lotus temple
Located in the national capital Delhi, lotus temple was designed by Fariborz Sahba as a house of worship dedicated to the oneness of humanity of religion. The sacred flower of Hindu mythology, the lotus is used not only to develop its form but also to draw symbolism of spirituality and purity. The form is enabled to block the harsh sun rays and keeps the interiors cool and well lit even during the scorching summer of India.
Lavasa is one of the most popular getaways near Mumbai and Pune, is the first city in the world which is designed according to the principles of biomimicry. It is located in the Western Ghats, this city finds inspiration from ants to channel water throughout the city. The city’s rooftops are inspired by native banyan fig leaf that enables the water to run-off and cleans its surface in the process.
Hive is a family home designed by open ideas architects is located in the posh area of surat, Gujarat. The envelope of the structure is a solar sensor-based facade, inspired by the hexagonal structural patterns found in honeycombs and carbon crystals. The design is based on adaptation to the environment and biomimicry.
The remarkable opening mechanism of the facade provides the quality of light and thermal comfort levels inside the house. The modules create striking sciography by casting patterns that change with the movement of the sun.
4. Aakash skyscraper
Aakash which is a Hindi word which means the sky is designed as a tree-like structure that branches out above the city of Mumbai. The concept is to provide habitable residential units that provide a great view of the city at the same time the terrace will help purify the air of the congested city.
5. Morarjee Textiles factory
The design for the factory was inspired by hierarchical structures in biology, Euplectella glass sponge. It led to a lightweight roof that integrates structure, solar power harvesting, and allows for natural light to filter into the building. Designed by a UK based company, Exploration Architecture has used biomimicry to build a zero-waste textile factory in Nagpur.
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6. The Tote, Mumbai
Inspired by these rain trees, a new structural system can be seen in the interiors of this restaurant and bar called ‘The Tote’, Mumbai. A phenomenal aesthetic that runs throughout the space.
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The elaborate truss system becomes a spatial organizer as it separates spaces according to their function within a different spatial volume. The interior is an intricate arrangement of 3-dimensional, faceted wooden paneling, which is abstracted and textured to look like trees’ intersecting branches. The site was covered with mature rain trees therefore the interiors of the tote blends in with the context.