Nestled in the heart of the Indian subcontinent lies Bhopal, a city often defined by tragedy or admired for its serene lakes. Yet, beyond these familiar narratives lies an intriguing chapter of the Begums – a dynasty of remarkable women who defied gender stereotypes to shape the destiny of their Islamic enclave amidst British Colonial rule. During their reign, Bhopal saw an incredible transformation, guided by the Begums’ vision to preserve and promote their rich cultural heritage. Central to this legacy were the iconic “Begumi Masjids of Bhopal,” grand architectural marvels that served as places of worship and stood as symbols of the enduring legacy of Islam in the region.

Through patronizing these magnificent mosques, the Begums demonstrated their devotion to their faith and established their historical presence. Today, as we traverse through the corridors of time, the echoes of the Begums’ footsteps still resonate, shaping the very essence of Bhopal. Their legacy lives on from the political corridors to the towering minarets, reminding us of the transformative power of vision, resilience, and cultural pride.

Defying norms, Defining Faith: Asia’s Grand“Crown Among Mosques”

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“Crown Among Mosques” _ © (Tourist Places Near Bhopal, n.d.)

Among such a rich heritage and grandeur of stories, one stands out: an architectural marvel that is a testament to faith and religious beliefs – Taj-Ul-Masajid. Stepping into its embrace, one can’t help but be struck by the sheer brilliance of its design, a reflection of the vision of the Begums who crafted it with meticulous care.

Nestled in the sub-urban fabric of the city, Taj-Ul Masajid stands as a resolute statement, defying traditional norms by its very location. It’s more than just a mosque; it’s a beacon of enlightenment in a world often shrouded in darkness. Here, amidst the serene lakes and soaring minarets that pierce the sky, lies a sanctuary for prayer, knowledge and understanding.

Celebrating the Legacy and vision of the begums

The Begums of Bhopal, notably Sultan Jahan Begum and Shah Jahan Begum, envisioned a modern yet culturally rich city. Their vision encompassed modernizing infrastructure, improving education and empowering women, preserving cultural heritage through the patronage of the arts and architecture, implementing progressive social welfare and governance policies, and likely recognizing the importance of environmental conservation. Their collective vision was to create a balanced city where progress and tradition harmonized, leaving a lasting legacy that continues to shape Bhopal’s development and identity.

Inspired by the awe-inspiring Jama Masjid in Delhi, Shah Jahan Begum envisioned a similar marvel in Bhopal. Thus, the Taj-ul-Masajid was born—a testament to her admiration for Mughal architecture. Surpassing even the grandeur of Shah Jahan’s creation, this mosque is the largest in Asia. Taj-ul-Masajid translates to “Crown Among Mosques,” a fitting title for such a magnificent monument.

As one strolls through the vibrant streets of the Old Core of Bhopal, each corner is a reminder of the profound influence of the Begums who once graced this beautiful city with their vision and leadership. Their legacy as reformists and patrons of education, art, culture and wellbeing of people has enriched the tapestry of Bhopal’s celebrated past. 

Echoesof Time: Reflecting on the Enduring Legacy of Taj-Ul Masajid

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Taj-Ul Masajid, Bhopal Suburb Shahjahanabad _ © (Bhopal Suburb Shahjahanabad, n.d.)

Taj-Ul Masajid, built in the newly laid walled suburb of Shahjahanabad, was designed as an Eidgah. The masjid was built on a hillock at the highest elevation in the suburb and was also envisioned as the grandest mosque in the Indian Subcontinent. The masjid marked its symbolic identity by being a part of a Palatial Complex of Taj Mahal Palace,  acting as a symbol of power.

Discovering the Magnificence of Taj-Ul Masajid

The mosque stands tall and majestic; its grand pink sandstone edifice spans 160 meters from east to west. Its imposing three-storey structure commands attention, drawing admirers from far and wide.

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Grand Entrance from Motia Talab Road  _  © (Taj-Ul Masajid, n.d.)

Spread over 23,312 square feet, the Taj-ul-Masajid is not merely a place of worship but an exhibition of virtuoso Mughal architecture. Each intricately carved detail and towering minaret, which is 18-stories high, speaks volumes about the skill and craftsmanship of its builders. It stands as a symbol of reverence and beauty, inviting visitors to marvel at its splendor and reflect on its significance.

Walking through its hallowed halls, one cannot help but marvel at the juxtaposition of tradition and modernity. The mosque’s entrance, reminiscent of an Islamic souk, entices with the promise of spiritual nourishment amidst the chaotic rhythm of daily life.  

As one stood beneath its majestic domes, surrounded by the echoes of centuries past, one cannot help but feel a profound sense of awe. It isn’t just any building; it’s a living testament to the enduring power of faith and the timeless beauty of architectural mastery.

A haven Amidst Chaos

Taj-Ul Masajid, beyond its architectural glory, serves as a cultural and social hub for the community. Its role extends beyond religious practices to encompass educational and charitable activities. The mosque hosts various events and programs, fostering community engagement and social cohesion.

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Entrance to Masjid from Sultania Road  _  © Ar. Parth Lavti

Adjacent to one of the city’s most esteemed hospitals, it serves as a reminder of the interconnectedness of faith and healing. But perhaps what strikes profoundly is the mosque’s role as a sanctuary of stillness amidst the city’s relentless motion.

Walking Down the Historic Core

Bhopal’s charm extends far beyond its architectural marvels. The city is embraced by the serene beauty of its lakes and striking landmarks, creating  a picturesque backdrop for every passerby. As one navigates through the city of contrasts and complexities, one finds oneself immersed in the old city, where the echoes of history resonate through fascinating mosques, labyrinthine alleys, and bustling chowks teeming with life.

But, it’s not just the physical structures that captivate; it’s the essence of the city core itself. With their significant color palette and intricate designs, the monuments seamlessly merge with the urban landscape, acting as more than just landmarks. They embody Bhopal’s intangible cultural values, serving as guardians of its traditions and symbols of its resilience.

Begums erected monuments still stand tall, whispering tales of a bygone era when Bhopal flourished under their enlightened rule. Each edifice is a witness to their dedication to progress and their commitment to preserving the city’s heritage for future generations.

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View of Taj-Ul Masajid from Taj Mahal Palace  _ © (Dalbéra, 2015)

Hues of Ramzan

During the month of Ramzan, there’s an undeniable magic that envelopes the grand mosque and the entire city core. As the heavenly call of prayer, the Azaan, echoes across the city, devotees flock to the majestic masjid, and the whole city seems to pause. The Taj-Ul Masajid stepped in history and spirituality, becoming a beacon during Ramzan. It’s a humbling experience to join and immerse yourself to gain a deeper understanding of the religious significance of the festival. 

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Hues of Ramzan  _  © (Hues of Ramzan, n.d.)

While the daytime in old Bhopal may seem quiet during Ramzan, the nights are different. The streets transform into vibrant night markets, bustling with activities, the food stalls brim with an array of Iftar snacks, the glow of lanterns and the chatter of shoppers, and the beautifully decorated mosques create an unmatched experience.

In essence, experiencing Ramzan in the historic core of Bhopal is not just about witnessing a festival –  it’s about connecting with a community, delving into history and embracing the spiritual journey that unfolds with each passing day.

Closing Remarks

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Sacred Confines of the Masjid  _  © Ar. Parth Lavti

In a world where time seems to race even faster, Taj-Ul Masajid offers a moment of pause, a chance to breathe and reflect amidst the ceaseless flow of humanity.

“…in its sacred confines, I found solace and a renewed appreciation for the profound connection between design and the essence of humanity!”

In my reflections, the architecture of Bhopal is not merely static but living entities that celebrate the values and traditions of the entire city. Each building and facade tells a story of resilience, diversity, and cultural richness that continues to shape the city’s identity.

References and Citations:

Bhopal Suburb Shahjahanabad. (n.d.). Wikipedia. Retrieved 03 25, 2024, from

Bhopal – Taj-Ul-Masjid. (n.d.). Incredible India. Retrieved April 7, 2024, from

The City of Lakes – Bhopal. (n.d.). mptourism. Retrieved 03 31, 2024, from

Dalbéra, J. (2015, March 25). La grande mosquée Taj-Ul-Masjid de Bhopal (Inde). Flickr. Retrieved 03 15, 2024, from

Hues of Bhopal. (n.d.). mptourism. Retrieved 03 29, 2024, from

Hues of Ramzan. (n.d.). Wikipedia. Retrieved April 01, 2024, from

Taj-Ul Masajid. (n.d.). mptourism. Retrieved 03 30, 2024, from

Tourist Places Near Bhopal. (n.d.). Jehan Numa Hotels. Retrieved 03 28, 2024, from


Pragya is a young and passionate Architect, Urbanist, and Academician who is constantly seeking to broaden her horizons. Her primary areas of interest are urban resilience, regeneration, human-centered design approaches, and place identity. She has always worked to improve critical thinking skills in order to foster a learner-centered environment.