The excavation is part of the journey towards the Indian community to identify the culture of ancient settlements. This excavation will take part in large-scale excavations through the various archaeological study sample, collection and site excavation. This help to understand the internal and external reflections of settlements below the ground level. This excavation was under the help of the Tamil Nadu State Department of Archaeology and Archaeological Survey of India. This matter of finding the cultural–historical spread around the site in a different way of excavation carried out. Initially, it takes a long duration part to serve as a survey. Keezhadi excavation site is the only prominent settlement layout located on the bank of vaigai river.
The name keezhadi is also known as Keeladi and is taken from ancient times. This part of the excavation remains a Sangam-age settlement. This excavation site is located in the southeast of Madurai in Tamil Nadu, near keezhadi town in the sivagangai district. This ancient settlement will provide Tamil people settlement with culture. This type of estimate will confront the ancient historic function and system and help to find the various archaeological settlements within the domain of the pioneer of Tamil literature.
Statues of Archaeological Survey | Keezhadi
This site has taken up the period between the BCE 5th century and the CE 3rd century. These types of areas of land are the site level of collection. To be found in archaeological support and research associated with functional forms. The technique and sample collection are a basic function stage that will be done through the survey. The initial substance of the site started at an area spread over 80 acres with a radius of 3.5 km. A site survey will occur throughout the study less than two and a half meters below the ground level.
The result of the site initially takes up to two carbon dating samples from the keezhadi excavation site for justification in the year 2017. In the region, the associated ancient towns are kondagai and manalur. As a result, on July 17, the evidence of the sample was from approximately 2200 years ago ( 3 century BCE). In the same year, 2017, the ASI sent the two samples taken from the keezhadi to the Beta Analytic, a Miami-based radiocarbon dating laboratory. These sample details are in the laboratory, taken from about 2300-2600 years old from the carbon dating copies.
Phases of Excavation Survey
Archaeological excavations phases are taken place in keezhadi excavation sites. The phases of the keezhadi excavation were conducted by the ASI ( archaeological survey of India), which was to take place first to the third excavation phase. After the third phase remained, the Tamil Nadu archaeology department conducted the phase. Every phase of the archaeological survey in the keezhadi site will be noted and placed on the respective. Still, eight phases of keezhadi excavation are placed under archaeology & testing support in the entire survey. These surveys provide sufficient marks towards the history of Tamil civilisation in the ancient period.
The first phase of the keezhadi excavation began in June 2015. The group led by Amarnath Ramakrishnan started the initial stage of excavations near a river vaigai in the keezhadi. A second excavation phase began on January 2, 2016; at the second phase, more than six thousand artefacts originated. The third phase was conducted on January 2017 and selected 16 places as dug sites. The fourth phase was taken between 2017 to 2018, and sent six carbon samples to Miami for (AMS) dating. It shows the mark might take up into pottery making process and some basic report.
Findings new phase of the system | Keezhadi
The fifth phase of the excavation site, it is led by the DR R. sivanantham. These stages have found more than 700 objects, and Sangam-era bricks are found during the fifth phase. The phase there dug 15 trenches for four to five months. In the sixth excavation phase, they took up simultaneous excavation near villages like manalar, kondhagai and agaram on 19 February. The seventh phase launched a survey on Feb 13, 2021, and began on Feb 19. The eight-phase was excavated and began on Feb 11, 2022.
These phases of excavation in keezhadi will help the ancient and historical site routes towards the civilisation of landmarks. The way-finding systems are taken place in the keezhadi excavations are found. The size of the building complex is placed on various structures, Artifacts and skeletal tools. This challenging scientific work contains Tamil-Brahmi script and graffiti marks discovered similar to the ones involved in the Indus script. They made a facility in the wastewater and water supply path as a prominent landmark at the bottom of the system. They found many brick buildings from the period of ancient times.
Block image 1
craft pot image 2
pot image 3
Brick Building image 4