Children are way too creative and have a thing to recreate the space they live in as per their psychological boundaries by acting individually or collectively. What could be the factor that can affect these kids and motivate the need for change? Between the age of 6-12, kids tend to be very active; there is a growing sense of living in them, diversifying in obedience to the physical environment they are in. Spaces impact everyone, our daily life, our mental health, also our physical well-being in numerous positive as well as negative ways.

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Animal Adventure Island_©SPAF

The idea must be clear; how these spaces provide scope for psychological rest, where occupants can spend quality time by playing and learning things, not by just sitting and listening as they do in school. The way we feel and react is our thinking; what we have in our mind is a reflection of the space we are occupying. Not everyone senses alike; a child and an adult’s psychological approach to a space can never be the same; the difference is the development and the background of the same.

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Children’s Community Centre The Playscape_©Fangfang Tian

When kids are involved in spaces, they give meaning to them and further create the foundation of their emotional and practical responses about that place; this is because most of us have memorable moments from childhood. Kids are generally very energetic, but to be specific, the 6-12 years age group is way more active comparatively. When kids think that the spaces designed especially for them are dull, then you know something is definitely wrong. According to the experts in children’s affairs, the social, emotional, psychological, and physical growth of children is highly affected by the environment quality.

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KidsLabo Minami-Nagareyama Nursery_©Vincent Hecht

Colour is a notable presence in kids’ lives. In their garments, toys, home extras, and lunch boxes, kids’ surroundings pass on numerous mental messages through colours. Since numerous kids are visual learners, along these lines, the utilization of visual tools like colour is imperative to make mental alleviation for them. The shading plan and the inside plan of the kids’ living environmental factors are extremely powerful in their confidence and alleviation of them. Colour psychology is a two-way road; one is your investment to bring a positive change in emotions and creativity, and the other is your own psychology about colours (for example – some feel angry with red but many feel confident).

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Tikkurila Daycare Center_©Parviainen Architects

Kids love to paint over walls or everywhere possible and observe what colours they have used as it is essential for the mental and emotional development of your child and is a manifestation of their underlying emotional status. Even in food, the child will pick the colourful dish which is appealing to their senses. The choice of colour depicts their mood, and their mood can be changed as per their surrounding colours. Ancient beliefs include colour for healing and emotional balancing purposes; therapy is named “Chromotherapy” and is used as a treatment even in today’s time.

The Out School_©Photoraphix

Eyes – affects – Hypothalamus – affects – Pituitary gland – controls- entire Endocrine system – controls – Hormones and Moods.

Red: It stimulates the flow of blood and generates aggression and anger. It has severe effects and should be avoided in a space occupied by children. Utilizing extreme red could negatively affect children. Kids could feel themselves tense and forceful in rooms painted in serious red.

Yellow: Joyful colour creates fun and inspiration. Due to its impact on memory and calmness could be used but not in a deep tone as it tends to cause anger and tension. Because of the way that it additionally influences memory, inspiration and consideration, it is appropriate for use in kids’ rooms.

Blue: Generates focus and comfort while being the colour of the sky and ocean. It is widely used in the nursery for soothing the sleep of babies. Mentally the cold and soothing nature of blue is the total inverse of the glow and energy rather than red; blue diminishes internal heat level, circulatory strain and heartbeat rate.

Green: Calming effect on the nervous system by being the colour of nature depicts peace. It generates the feeling of being close to nature and helps in getting good sleep. Improves reading speed hence suggested for the library. It explains the psyche and consequently can be utilized in adolescents’ rooms to encourage accomplishment in school.

Orange: A softer and simpler version of red. Good for the introverted children as it is helpful in socializing more by boosting self-confidence. It is ideal for beating sluggishness. It transmits warmth, builds cravings and encourages you to get up promptly in the mornings. Its energy can be lower when immersion is low.

Purple: It deals with the imaginative corner of the cerebrum and can be handily utilized in the rooms of preschool kids that are generally engaged with innovative exercises, just as for young girls’ spaces for motivations behind adding to their scholarly abilities.

Pink: Another lighter shade of red creates calmness; too much pink could be depressing and lead to a loss in appetite. It is suggested not to paint the introvert and shy kid’s room pink as this is not much energetic colour.

Brown: It is organic and could be serious as black while being connected to nature and the universe specifically suggested for a teenager’s room with its responsible quality and feeling of confidence and protection.

Seiwa Kindergarten_©Toshiyuki Yano

Children need a sound climate to study, regardless of whether it’s home or school; they invest the majority of their energy indoors and do study. It is expressed that light, above all else, assumes a significant part in the advancement of children. That factor also goes all over with the kind of lighting in the room, regardless of whether it is natural daylight or artificial light. At that point came the colours; it is absolutely relying upon the lighting; when light falls on the colour really at that time, we can see that, and discussing psychology, artificial lighting falling over the dark tones of colours normally gave the sort of negative feelings or not all that glad feelings, excellent are incorporated. Sentiments consistently lead to the measure of work created by a person. That is the reason when planning a daycare or a school; two things consistently are in need; colours and the openings to give the sunshine access. More positivity is seen in a compact indoor environment with comparatively low ceiling height, but it goes only with the light-coloured walls. And for the dark colours, high ceiling height is preferable for kids, as recorded by the observation.

References: 

  1. Severcan, Y.C. (2015). THE EFFECTS OF CHILDREN’S PARTICIPATION IN PLANNING AND DESIGN ACTIVITIES ON THEIR PLACE ATTACHMENT. Journal of Architectural and Planning Research, [online] 32(4), pp.271–293. Available at: https://www.jstor.org/stable/44113116?read-now=1&seq=4#page_scan_tab_contents [Accessed 24 Jul. 2022].
  2. Adams, A., Theodore, D., Goldenberg, E., McLaren, C. and McKeever, P. (2010). Kids in the atrium: Comparing architectural intentions and children’s experiences in a pediatric hospital lobby. Social Science & Medicine, [online] 70(5), p.658. Available at: https://www.academia.edu/8180927/Kids_in_the_atrium_Comparing_architectural_intentions_and_childrens_experiences_in_a_pediatric_hospital_lobby [Accessed 24 Jul. 2022].
  3. Margarete (2018). 1# ARCHITECTURAL PSYCHOLOGY: The Influence of Architecture on our Psyche. [online] Medium. Available at: https://medium.com/archilyse/1-the-influence-of-architecture-on-our-psyche-f183a6732708.
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  5. Cherry, K. (2022). The 4 Stages Of Cognitive Development. [online] Verywell Mind. Available at: https://www.verywellmind.com/piagets-stages-of-cognitive-development-2795457.
  6. Valizadeh, G., Arash and Asl, S. (2015). Online) An Open Access. Indian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Life Sciences, [online] 5(S1), pp.2094–2100. Available at: https://www.cibtech.org/sp.ed/jls/2015/01/233-JLS-S1-246-ARASH-IDENTIFYING.pdf [Accessed 24 Jul. 2022].
  7. Renketkisi.com. (2017). Renk Etkisi | The Effect of Color | The Effects of Colors on Children. [online] Available at: http://renketkisi.com/en/the-effects-of-colors-on-children.html.
  8. Asian Scientist Magazine. (2016). The Surprising Effects Of Light On Kids. [online] Available at: https://www.asianscientist.com/2016/01/health/light-exposure-kids-weight/ [Accessed 24 Jul. 2022].
  9. The Psychological Impact of Light and Color. (n.d.). [online] Available at: https://www.tcpi.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/12/Psychological-Impact-of-Light-and-Color.pdf.
  10. BY Projects Architecture. (2022). Children and Design – the Impact of Space on Behaviour. [online] Available at: https://byarchitecture.com.au/designing-children-space/#:~:text=The%20size%20of%20furniture%2C%20ceiling [Accessed 24 Jul. 2022].
Author

Riya is an architectural designer, planner and thinker, currently working in New Delhi. She believes having a delightful livable environment irrespective of the area is what everybody must-have, since part of human psychology effects by what we see and what we feel by our senses.

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