Architecture breathes through in and out of the space and gives comfort within the enclosed area. The experience of feeling the outside green on the inside is what we see through a healthy environment. The focus is on creating the outdoor regions within the building. The environment integrates social interaction, mental relaxation, and a sustainable environment, providing an outdoor experience within a privacy limit and security. It has an intangible connection to the outside world by enhancing the quality of life within.

Examples of outdoor areas within the architectural space:


Architecture: The Outside in the Inside - Sheet1
Courtyard space with landscaping within the indoor region_©

They are enclosed spaces with a central opening surrounded by walls or functional rooms; this increases open-air ventilation and the required level of daylight within the building. They are of varying shapes and evolved from the traditional style of architecture. The courtyard form signifies a quest for natural harmony through openness in architecture and social interactions. The design approach of the courtyard structure can be implemented in homes, educational institutes, museums, and varying functional purposes. Space, material, and significance have been originating from humanity. The roots of the courtyard are strong enough to be integrated into today’s modern sustainable architecture. The courtyard gardens are specifically for greenery with landscaping according to building functionality for a serene view and additional purposes.

Green Roof:

Architecture: The Outside in the Inside - Sheet2
Green Roof treatment blending with nature_©

A Green Roof is also known as a roof garden; it is a design solution at a micro and macro level on top of the building. The green roof incorporates vegetation and landscaping for a sustainable upbringing. The implications are introduced to building insulation, managing stormwater run-offs, and reducing heat radiation from the outside world by providing a comfortable indoor environment. The green roof has a slab with soil and vegetation on top of it with a water-proofing layer slightly sloping. The advanced level of technology has been of great help for the installment of a green roof, which has been widely used for a healthy environment and community.

Light wells:

A light well or sky well is introduced to a building where it is dark and is in need of natural circulation of light and air. It is a narrow open space typically located within the building structure. Lightwell adds a sense of uplifting a state of mind due to a bright presence and harmonic feel. They are usually enclosed from all sides and left open on top with material of complete transparency as glass or as open to the sky as a courtyard for maximum daylight penetration inside. It can also serve as a garden within the building for a green area.  

Terrace Garden:

Architecture: The Outside in the Inside - Sheet3
The Mountain Dwelling in the appearance of a mountain_©

Terrace Garden majorly comes into play for the buildings, falling under space constraints, with the series of outdoor spaces with different levels of gardening. This provides a transition between hardscape and soft scape. The area can be utilized for recreational space, landscaping, and gardening. 

One of the best examples of a terrace garden is the Mountain Dwellings

by BIG Architects, it is named Mountain Dwelling due to its appearance as a mountain in the suburban region of a neighborhood of garden homes with the urban density of 10 storey buildings. The terrace garden has been planted with greenery changing according to the season. 

Balconies and terraces:

They are architectural elements within a building for a peak of outside experience and enhance the livelihood of the room. The ventilation can be maintained by the shutter or curtain for the intensity to fall in. Buildings like apartments can have a private outdoor space for the occupants. Balconies are smaller compared to the terraces with the landscaping in the region with seating area. 


Patios are outdoor spaces, usually within a ground-level designed between the landscape area. It can be within a building or a public urban area for an entertainment, relaxation, or dining area. The patio was a major design element in Medieval Spanish Architecture and the material used for pavement is concrete, wood, or stone. 


Pergolas within an outdoor space inside the building_©

The pergolas are within the landscaping region of the site area or even on the terrace supporting columns and a roof on top. They are covered with fabric or vines to create comfort within the space. It is usually utilized for late-evening relaxation. Pergola is an Italian word for “to come forward.”

The outdoor spaces are as equally important as indoor spaces within the building. The enlightenment of the region is increased due to the natural elements entering an optimum level inside the building. They can vary greatly in design and occupancy depending on the location, type, architectural style, and mainly the architect’s vision for the region. 

Studies prove that nature heals high blood pressure, muscle tension, and heart rate. These outdoor openings improve the quality of life for occupants through passive techniques within the structure through better quality of air, and light, creating appealing visual appearance and sustainability. 


 (2017). Traditional courtyard houses as a model for sustainable design: A case study on BWhs mesoclimate of Iran. Frontiers of Architectural Research. Available at:  [Accessed: 23 September 2023].

(2009). Mountain Dwellings / PLOT = BIG + JDS. ArchDaily. Available at:  [Accessed: 23 September 2023].

(2021). Can Green Roofs make cities better?ArchDaily. Available at:,to%20more%20than%201%20meter.  

[Accessed: 24 September 2023].


She is a person with an exponential interest in creating human thoughts into words and design. She also believes in a journey of new experiences and learning by traveling with time. Her way of balancing life explains the way she lives.