Herzegovina is a living testament to the rich history and different artistic influences that have shaped the megacity’s architectural geography. A fairly direct megacity stretching along the banks of the Miljacka River, Sarajevo lends itself well to disquisition. It’s possible to walk from Alipaino Polje( west of Sarajevo) to Baarija( east of Sarajevo). The former is a stunning illustration of Yugoslav Brutalist and Socialist armature from the 1970s, while the ultimate is an Ottoman neighborhood. Typical Austro– Hungarian structures are located between the transects. The entire megacity is in varying countries of decay, with new structures springing up then and there, staying to tell their story.
Herzegovina date from the period of Roman rule, utmost of them were erected between the 12th and 15th centuries. The structures were erected of rough gravestones on hills overlooking a swash, road, or megacity. At the moment there are about 300 of them, but the utmost of them are in remains. The most beautiful and stylish saved are Sarajevo, Srebrenik, Blagaj, Jajce, Travnik, Tešanj, Počitelj, Doboj, Vranduk, Bobovac, Stolac, Maglaj, Gradačac, Ljubuški, Sokol, Ključ, Bihać, Bosanska Krupa, Oštrovica, VelikaKladuša, Visegrad andZvornik.The yard of Kraljeva Sutjeska was plushly engraved in the Gothic style. An illustration of a medieval Gothic and Romanesque palace is from the 15th century.
Palace of St. Luke in Jajce. It was erected in stone foundations, the ground bottom of slush, green slip-up, and rustic places, the first bottom of timber frame, and the roof nearly always of wood. From an organizational point of view, a typical 17th-century Bosnian lodging house comported of five main rudiments a hedge facing the road, which defined it and easily distinguished the private from the public, a yard, generally erected of pebbles or flat monuments, to enclose the to grease conservation, and an out-of-door root( Šadrvan) for aseptic purposes, a”semi-public” private room on the lower position called Hajat where the family would meet, and the Divanhan, a semi-private/ private room on the upper position, designed for relaxation and pleasure.
Austro- Hungarian Period
New architectural languages contributed to the diversity of the formerly complex civic composition of Bosnian metropolises. These and other changes had further consequences in Bosnia. For illustration, life safety in structures has been bettered, but new regulations and construction styles are making original contractors and engineers spare. This touched off the immigration of professed workers from central Europe, which doubled and further diversified the population of Bosnia and Herzegovina, which in turn boosted the economy. Finally, the metropolises began to change their character. Most systems during the period of Austrian influence dealt with executive structure designs. The post office in Sarajevo, for illustration, follows different formal design features similar to the clarity of form, harmony, and proportion, while the innards follow the same doctrine. The National and University Library of Bosnia and Herzegovina in Sarajevo is an illustration of Orientalist architectural language, using Arabic- Mamluk decorations and refocused bends while incorporating other formal rudiments into the design.
During his rule, the Austro- Hungarian authorities tried to apply and make European- style armature in Bosnia and Herzegovina, therefore demonstrating the significance of their charge in the engaged country. literal styles were offered first, which erected the most representative structures of the alternate half of the 19th century in Vienna. In Bosnia, too much was erected in foreign architectural styles, most specially Historicism, and the native Bosnian structural styles were underappreciated, admired, and applied. Given the transnational population structure in Bosnia and Herzegovina, the government honored that when choosing one of the literal styles it was necessary to have a political observance.
Moorish Revival Architecture
For construction in areas where the Bosnian population predominated, the engineers used the Moorish Renaissance style. This style was inspired by the Moorish and Mudéjar armature of Spain and the Mamluk armature of Egypt and Syria, similar to the Mostar Gymnasium. This included the use of decoration and other” Moorish” design strategies, but these didn’t have importance in common with before the architectural direction of indigenous Bosnian architecture.
Bosnian Style in Architecture
Bosnian-style engineers wanted to restore the native architectural rudiments of Bosnia and Herzegovina, in discrepancy to the imported Historicist and Neo-Moorish style scripts. The Bosnian style can” stylish be understood in the tradition of public romanticism”, indeed if its contrivers didn’t come from the nation they’re said to represent. still, Bosnian-style engineers also appertained to literal rather than contemporary sources and substantially to the Islamic component of Bosnian conversational armature, performing in” one historicist collage being replaced by another”( Gunzburger- Makas and Damljanovic- Conley).
Socialist Yugoslav period
There have been many architectural systems that tried to address issues of artistic diversity. The “ Dino ” domestic structure in Sarajevo, erected in 1 by Amir Vuk and Mirko Marić, was one similar attempt. It’s a duplex lodging, one following the oriental architectural vocabulary, while the other has a more Western European gospel of facade association and has a common entrance. Another illustration is the 1983 erected Holiday Inn Hotel and Ivan Štraus designed binary halls “ Unis ” in Sarajevo erected in 1. Among the townspeople, the binary halls are generally called Momo( Serbian name) and Uzeir( Bosnian name). There’s no agreement among the megacity’s residents as to which palace bears the Serbian or Bosnian name. This nebulosity of names emphasized artistic concinnity as the most important architectural quality.
- Online sources
- Architecture of Bosnia and Herzegovina (2023) Wikipedia. Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Architecture_of_Bosnia_and_Herzegovina (Accessed: 13 June 2023).
- Bosnia and Herzegovina (2023) Encyclopædia Britannica. Available at: https://www.britannica.com/place/Bosnia-and-Herzegovina (Accessed: 13 June 2023).