The cultural capital of UAE, Sharjah is the third largest emirate in the country. The city has kept its rich history alive by blending it into every aspect of its contemporary development. Though not as cleverly curated as its famous sister emirate Dubai, Sharjah offers a plethora of sights and experiences for its visitors. A symbol of culture, intellect, and architectural evolution in the UAE, the city is a true patron of fine arts.

Along with a melange of historic and modern buildings, the town planning of the emirate promises an exciting experience for urban planners. Sharjah is called the ‘happiest emirate’. The main reason for this being the convenient location of amenities. All the infrastructures and daily need services are located within walking distance, helping people to avoid long commute times and in turn, increasing their life and satisfaction. 

Here is a list of places architects must visit in Sharjah:

Places to visit in Sharjah for the Travelling Architect
Light festival in Sharjah; ©️https://sharjahevents.ae

1. Russian Orthodox Church

With the beautiful blue domes, gold-gilded cross, and rich symbolism, the Saint Philip Apostle Orthodox Complex is the largest Russian Orthodox Church in the UAE. The Russian-Byzantine architecture of the church is designed on the lines of Saint Petersburg. With an area of 1800 square meters, the church can host up to 3000 worshippers. Along with being a religious center, the church accommodates an educational, cultural, and social center where activities like exhibitions and language courses are offered. 

Russian Orthodox Church - Sheet1
The Russian Orthodox Church; ©️www.holidify.com
Russian Orthodox Church - Sheet2
The Russian Orthodox Church; ©️www.holidify.com
Russian Orthodox Church - Sheet3
The Russian Orthodox Church; ©️www.holidify.com                          

2. House of Wisdom

Designed by Foster+Partners, the building is a Library and Cultural Center. It is situated adjacent to The Scroll, a public art installation, raised to commemorate Sharjah being named the UNESCO World Book  Capital of the Year. The state-of-the-art library is a transparent, rectilinear, two-storied building with a large cantilevered roof that shades the facade from the harsh sunlight. The building also uses deployable aluminum screens only in the late afternoons to avoid glare, allowing visual connection to the outsides for the rest of the day.

House of Wisdom - Sheet1
House of Wisdom; ©️Foster+Partners
House of Wisdom - Sheet2
©️Asghar Khan/Gulf
House of Wisdom - Sheet3
©️Reem Mohammed/The National

3. Al Noor Mosque

Most famous of the 600 mosques in Sharjah, the Al Noor Mosque dominates the skyline of the city with its towering minarets and cascading domes. Built in the classic Turkish Ottoman style of architecture, it also has some influences from the Blue Mosque in Istanbul. With floral cornices and arched doorways and windows on the exterior, the interior is decorated with intricate arabesque patterns. 

Al Noor Mosque - Sheet1
The Russian Orthodox Church; ©️www.holidify.com
Al Noor Mosque - Sheet2
Aerial View of the mosque; ©️Frans Sellies via Flickr
Al Noor Mosque - Sheet3
Front view of the mosque; ©️Bertrand DUPERRIN via Flickr

4. Wasit Natural Reserve Visitor Center

Originally a wastewater and landfill site, the area was rehabilitated with huge efforts over many years to transform it into what it is today. Home to 350 bird species and a landing site for 30,000 migratory birds, the nature reserve is a haven for bird watchers, researchers, and architects alike. The buildings were designed to have a minimum visual and environmental impact to maintain the integrity of the Nature Reserve.

Wasit Natural Reserve Visitor Center - Sheet1
Mix of sand dunes, salt flats, and lagoons; ©️Nelson Garrido
Wasit Natural Reserve Visitor Center - Sheet2
Woven Canopies; ©️Nelson Garrido
Wasit Natural Reserve Visitor Center - Sheet3
©️Nelson Garrido

5. Blue Souk

It is the central market of Sharjah and one of the most impressive landmarks in the city. The two identical, parallel buildings connected by footbridges are characterized by eight barrel vault roofs and twenty wind towers. Though a two-storied, large scale building, its architecture accurately captures the essence of a traditional bazaar.

Blue Souk - Sheet1
Blue Souk; ©️Paul Gorra via ArchitecturalDigest
Blue Souk - Sheet2
Wind Towers in the market; ©️Bertrand DUPERRIN via Flickr
Blue Souk - Sheet3
Blue Souk; ©️Bertrand DUPERRIN via Flickr      

6. The Buhais Geology Park Interpretive Center

Designed to resemble the fossils of sea urchins, the interconnected pod structure sits on an area of utmost geological and prehistoric importance. The building’s structure and foundation are designed sensitively to minimize the disruption to the site’s fauna, geology, and terrain. The prefabricated concrete structures are clad in steel panels to shade the precast concrete pods and to complement the different hues of the surrounding landscape. The five interconnected pods host many functions like exhibition spaces, immersive theatre, and a cafe.

The Buhais Geology Park Interpretive Center -Sheet1
Metal clad concrete pods; ©️Marc Goodwin
The Buhais Geology Park Interpretive Center -Sheet2
Exhibition Space; ©️Marc Goodwin
The Buhais Geology Park Interpretive Center -Sheet3
Aerial View of the center; ©️Marc Goodwin

7. King Faisal Mosque

One of the most iconic structures in Sharjah, King Faisal Mosque embodies the principles of Islamic and Modern Architecture. Unlike other mosques and religious spaces, the building features minimalism to avoid distraction from the main function of a mosque- prayer, and reflection. Designed like a Jenga tower, each level of the building is rotated to create a multi-pointed star pattern. 

King Faisal Mosque - Sheet2
Aerial view of the Mosque; ©️Saud Majid Al Qassimi via Medium
King Faisal Mosque - Sheet3
King Faisal Mosque; ©️Christina Dimitrova via Medium
King Faisal Mosque - Sheet1
King Faisal Mosque; ©️Christina Dimitrova via Medium

8. Masrah Al Qasba Theater

This 300 seat auditorium is housed in a four-storied commercial building. The auditorium was refurbished to embody the natural, historical, and cultural spirit of Sharjah. A high elastic fabric membrane, symbolic of traditional building material in the region, is smoothly wrapped around the walls and the ceilings to create desert dunes like undulations. The fabric also serves the purpose of hiding all the technical installations giving the visitors a serene landscape to forget their everyday life and enter a staged narrative. 

Masrah Al Qasba Theater - Sheet1
©️Tor Seidel
Masrah Al Qasba Theater - Sheet2
©️Tor Seidel
Masrah Al Qasba Theater - Sheet3
©️Tor Seidel

 9. Sharjah Museum of Islamic Civilization

The museum building is designed on the lines of the London Museum of Natural History. It features traditional Arab-Islamic design elements in its floor plans and ornamentation. The most impressive feature of this landmark building is its imposing central dome with an intricate fresco painted on the inside depicting the night sky and zodiac signs. The state of the art cultural venue is 200-meter long and houses seven galleries, display areas, and a prayer room. 

Sharjah Museum of Islamic Civilization - Sheet1
The Sharjah Museum of Islamic Civilization; ©️www.sharjahmuseums.ae
Sharjah Museum of Islamic Civilization - Sheet2
Fresco on the interior of the dome; ©️www.bayut.com
Sharjah Museum of Islamic Civilization - Sheet3
90 arches in the 200-meter long building; ©️http://blog.airindiaexpress.in/

10. Butterfly Aviary    

The ornamental shading roof of the building is the main characteristic feature of the whole of Noor island. Designed as a habitation center for more than 200 butterflies, the Aviary also has spaces for contemplation and recreation. The biomorphic outer shell of the structure, designed on the principles of parametric design, is more than just a visual attraction. It helps to control the temperature of the interiors using the chimney effect. The building has won the ‘World Architecture Award’ in metal for the complexity and clever use of structural members. 

Butterfly Aviary    - Sheet1
Butterfly Pavilion; ©️https://seele.com/
Butterfly Aviary    - Sheet2
Glass cube shaded by the parametric metal shell; ©️Joaquín Busch
Butterfly Aviary    - Sheet3
Rainforest Biotope on the inside; ©️Joaquín Busch

11. Etisalat

This building is a modern skyscraper in Sharjah. The 18 storied building features a glass and granite facade. The tower with a protruding triangular core wall and a fiberglass spherical structure on the top is designed to resemble an Islamic minaret. The building houses public spaces, cafes, auditoriums, and offices. 

Etisalat - Sheet1
©️www.accsal.com
Etisalat - Sheet2
©️www.trekearth.com
Etisalat - Sheet3
©️www.accsal.com

12. Sharjah Art Museum

With an area of 11,000 square meters, the Sharjah Art Museum is the largest art museum in the Arab States. The wind tower architecture of the building seamlessly combines elements from traditional Arabic-Islamic architecture with modern architecture. The building with its 68 halls and arabesque arches makes it a perfect setting for an art museum. 

Sharjah Art Museum - Sheet1
The Sharjah Art Museum; ©️www.sharjahmuseums.ae
Sharjah Art Museum - Sheet2
Wind tower Architecture; ©️https://whyilovesharjah.com/
Sharjah Art Museum - Sheet3
Display galleries; ©️www.sharjahmuseums.ae

13. Al Mahatta Museum

The museum is housed in the prior Al Mahatta Airport, which was the first airport in the region. With its modern military-style architecture, the building is exemplary of a 20th-century contemporary fortress. The building is the oldest modernist construction in the region, and is built using traditional, local construction techniques and materials. 

Al Mahatta Museum - Sheet1
©️http://www.sharjahmuseums.ae/
Al Mahatta Museum - Sheet2
©️Wikimedia Commons
Al Mahatta Museum - Sheet3
©️http://www.sharjahmuseums.ae/

14. Mleiha Archaeological Centre

The visitor and exhibition center has been designed to be sensitive to its historical and environmental context. The sandstone walls of the building appear to emerge organically from the red sand landscape. The plan of the building revolves around the circular tombstone in a series of concentric walls. Given the purpose of the building, it is designed to minimize the visual and sensorial distractions of the visitors. 

Mleiha Archaeological Centre - Sheet1
Aerial view of the center; ©️www.trawell.in
Mleiha Archaeological Centre - Sheet2
Sandstone walls; ©️www.bimes.com
Mleiha Archaeological Centre - Sheet3
Mleiha Archaeological Centre; ©️www.middleeastarchitect.com

15. Sharjah Heritage Area

Known as the ‘Heart of Sharjah’, the area is the house of several souks, old family homes, museums, and heritage buildings constructed in traditional Arabian-Islamic style. The area captures the true essence of the local architectural style of Sharjah. The crown jewel of the area is the Al Hisn Museum, a former fort, which today showcases the history of the region. The other important places in the area are the Calligraphy Museum and the Bait al-Naboodah Museum.

Sharjah Heritage Area - Sheet1
Sharjah Al Hisn Museum; ©️www.bayut.com
Sharjah Heritage Area - Sheet2
The heart of Sharjah; ©️www.trawell.in
Sharjah Heritage Area - Sheet3
Bait al-Naboodah Museum; ©️www.sharjahmuseums.ae
Author

Idea girl & strong-minded, Kiran is an architecture enthusiast & sucker for words. When not reading, she can be found gorging movies & sitcom.

Write A Comment