Ganja is Azerbaijan’s subsequent city, which measures back to 1,500 years. Various rulers governed the area, including Arabs, Persians, Turks, and Russians. Each one of these left their bit on the design and culture. 

It is the sort of locality that is ideal for vacationers with a resolute zeal to travel and explore while providing plenty of intriguing destinations, with the scent of something for everybody. From staying in an old Soviet lodging to visiting a significant Islamic pilgrimage section, there are numerous spots to see, and activities to do in Ganja, Azerbaijan. 

From antiquated mosques to the biggest park in the Caucasus, this article covers the prime fifteen attractions of Ganja.

(Note: Ganja is likewise spelled as Gance and Gandjah)

1. Imamzadeh

A couple of kilometers upper east of Ganja lies Imamzadeh, a hallowed spot in Shiite Islam. The name interprets as ‘the children of prophets’ alluding to the entombment place of Prophet Ali’s relatives. The tomb reaches back to the fourteenth century and incorporates mosques, funerary landmarks, and an intricate blue-tile vault. The Complex incorporates Imamzadeh Mausoleum, Imamzadeh mosque, vault, caravanserai, burial ground, and funerary landmarks that encompass block dividers with the passageway gateway. The stature of the vault of the Mausoleum is 2.7 meters, while the Mausoleum has 12 meters height. The vault secured with light-blue tiles features a grand diameter of 4.4 meters. Ganja’s Imamzadeh entices in Muslim explorers, and designates as an ensured landmark in Azerbaijan.

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Imamzadeh- Imam Ibrahim Dome ©wikipedia.com

2. Chokak Baths

Chokak Hamam, signifying a fallen shower, is a recorded shower close to Juma Mosque in Ganja. It was worked in Ganja in 1606 and customarily filled in as a Turkish shower on Shah Abbas square opposite the mosque. Blend of egg-white with mud lime and red block was utilized in the development. It has an enormous and two little vaults. In 2003 it was fixed by the Repair Department of the Ministry of Culture. Presently it is a craftsman shop since the pipes were harmed during the Soviet time. Likewise, since 2014, the bathhouse works as a shower for one of the lodgings in Ganja.

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3. Nizami Mausoleum

Azerbaijan has incredible ancient mausoleums seemingly everywhere, but Nizami’s Mausoleum is an extraordinary one, composed of granite. Nizami Ganjavi, a 12th-century poet, is Azerbaijan’s most celebrated and revered figure. Over his grave, an expansive monument was erected, which later collapsed from dilapidation within the 1840s. Reconstructed again in 1947, and renovated into its current form in 1991, the tall cylindrical structure and encompassing gardens are a notable attraction. On the outside, the building is quite imposing, unlike its ancient cousins, while on the inside, it is decorated with traditional Azeri stained-glass artwork in a remarkably minimalist design. The park also has fountains and statues, portraying scenes from Nizami’s poetry.

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4. Khamsa Monumental Compound

Khamsa Monumental Compound comprises 5 enormous book-formed landmarks, showcasing Nizami’s sonnets. It endures in the park line along the highway, between Ganja fortress gates, and Nizami Mausoleum. Every one of them has 12 meters length, 9 meters stature, and 2-meter width. The book-molded landmarks have various hues: “The Treasury of Mysteries” is dark representing keeping privileged insights, “Khosrov and Shirin” is brilliant representing seat, “Layla and Majnun” is white representing unadulterated love, “The Seven Beauties” is turquoise representing rulers’ charm in the East, and “Sentiment of Alexander the Great” is red representing triumph.

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5. History-Ethnography Museum

The History-Ethnography Museum of Ganja is unearthed at the rear of Ganja hall within the former mansion of the descendants of Javad khan. The museum was instituted in 1924 and moved to the present building in 1972. The gathering of the museum includes archaeological findings, ethnographic, epigraph, numismatic samples, and more showcased in eighteen rooms. Silver Crown of the Caucasian Albania era, Ganja rugs, and lanterns found around Nizami Ganjavi’s grave, coins associated with different periods of Azerbaijan history, the flag of Ganja Khanate, pottery, jewelry, and metalworking samples are among them. There is also a 220 cm high lady skeleton that was buried with accessories and home goods, which dates back to the 2nd millennium BC.

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History-Ethnography Museum ©wikipedia.com

6. Javad Khan Tomb

Javad Khan was the king of the Ganja Khanate, and served the nation from 1786 to 1804. He kicked the bucket in a fight, while battling the Russians during the Russo-Persian war. He is viewed as a national legend of Azerbaijan. His grave was incidentally rediscovered during a Soviet-time development venture, and the prevailing tomb was then mounted on the grave, in 2005. Baked brick was utilized in the development of this quadrangular-molded burial place. Also, when it is bolted for renovations, one may see the burial place inside through the recolored glass windows.

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7. Khan’s Garden

One of the calmest places to unwind, and appreciate green space in the city of Ganja, is Khan’s Garden. It was initially established as the garden of Javad Khan, in a vicinity of 52 hectares, during the Ganja Khanate. As mentioned in history, the garden underwent destruction during the Russian invasion. While at the same time, a few trees were relocated to the newly installed Sardar’s Garden, which lies in the lower section. Then, the garden was again restored post Azerbaijan’s independence. Besides presenting a monument that is dedicated to the celebrated Azerbaijani poetess, Nigar Rafibeyli, the garden also has a tomb, a pine-tree alley, fountains, ponds, and a 350-seat open-air theater. There also is a portion of the Ganja Fortress near the entry.

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8. Shah Abbasi Caravanserai

Probably the most established case of Islamic design is the seventeenth-century Caravanserai, where exchanging vendors on the Silk Road remained for the time being in the rooms before proceeding with their excursion. It was worked during the reign of Shah Abbas by the architect Sheik Bahaddin in the Oriental style. Conventional blend of egg-white with earth lime and red block was utilized in the development. Late unearthings found a modern lighting and ventilation framework inside. The caravanserai highlights 54 rooms and 13 lobbies, along with space for pack creatures. Over the road from Heydar Aliyev square and the Ganja inn, it’s tucked nearby to Epikur Bagi. It is worth a stroll to comprehend the design of the city in the mid-1600s.

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9. Javad Khan Street

Not a long way from the Shah Abbas Caravanserai sits Ganja’s pedestrianized Javad Khan Street. It is the customary huge passerby and shopping road, which is situated in the midtown Ganja. Magnificent to walk around and wonder about the design, it is fixed with edifices from the Russian Empire era of Ganja history. Serving as a pedestrian shopping road, it marks a point of convergence of the city. Gift shops and bistros fill the lower floors of the appealing veneers. A couple of wellsprings and figures speck the strolling road as well.

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10. Heydar Aliyev Complex

Embracing an astounding 450 hectares, Heydar Aliyev Park has the title of Azerbaijan’s and the Caucasus’ largest park. An aggregate of nine entryways lead inside. The extravagant ‘Arch of Triumph’ denotes the fundamental passageway. Within, manicured yards and perfect bloom courses of action, invite guests as they walk around the complex. An event congregation, a huge lake, and bike rentals give diversion, while merchants sell popcorn, light bites, and rewards. Renamed as Heydar Aliyev Square after previous President Heydar Aliyev, this square is still flanked with distinctly Soviet structures adjacent to a sculpture of Aliyev. This square is an excellent spot to begin an independently directed strolling voyage through the city. Regardless of the area on the city’s edges, the recreation center positions as one of the most loved fascinations in Ganja.

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11. Alexander Nevsky Church

Alexander Nevsky Church is a Russian Orthodox Church that operated in 1887 at the site of the old graveyard in Ganja, during Russia’s control over Azerbaijan. The congregation building was made of blocks in the Byzantine design style. When the Russian Empire fell after the 1917 Revolution, the congregation lost its austere potential and quickly turned into a gallery, and later a distribution center. The congregation revived again in 1946. A few symbols on the inside have been made up due to the present, like the statues of St. Alexander Nevsky and Mary Magdalene. Alexander Nevsky was a renowned thirteenth-century Russian who has several houses of prayer named in his respect around Eastern Europe.

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12. Bottle House

Bottle House is a newfangled private habitation in Ganja molded from glass bottles. Situated close to Alexander Nevsky Church, this house is a gem and a tremendous scope of pride for Ganja inhabitants. It is additionally a contacting commemoration. Two-story bottle house was worked by a Ganja resident, Ibrahim Jafarov, in 1966-67 from glass containers and colorful stones of numerous shapes and estimates. Around 48000 jugs were utilized in construction. The form of this house was committed to the memory of the craftsman’s sibling, Yussif, who passed during World War II. Pulling in a few vacationers, making it one of the most shot points in Ganja, the spot additionally offers a souvenir stall on the patio to offer the guests a chance to make a buy, subsequently adding to the benefits, that eventually fixes the house.

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13. Ganja State Puppet Theatre

Ganja State Puppet Theater is situated on Ahmad Jamil Street. Accomplished in 1885 as a Lutheran church, and recently changed over into Ganja State Puppet Theater, this edifice has a territory of around 650-meter square, featuring a corridor, a hall, and 15 rooms. Tuff is the material that was primarily used in the piece. The building of the venue is a chronicled design landmark of the nineteenth century. Ganja State Puppet Theater works in this house, which is as of now, on the rundown of Christian religion landmarks. Previously, the auditorium worked as an open theater, and more than a hundred scenes were set up there before getting the ‘State’ status.

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14. Lake Göygöl

The most acclaimed of the eight enormous lakes close to Ganja, Lake Göygöl’s name truly signifies “The Blue Lake.” Located at the foot of Mount Murovag, it’s a beautiful lake high up in the mountains. Frequently appraised as Azerbaijan’s most wonderful lake, it sits 1,500 meters above ocean level, besides lodging a wide assortment of fish and untamed life. It is the perfect spot to take in nature, perceive how local people make the most of their amusement time, and get somewhat out into the open country. The drive through the mountains and passing customary towns with a touch of German art makes Lake Goygol a prime charm in Ganja

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15. Ganja Philharmonic Hall

One of the freshest up to date augmentations to Ganja is the new structure of Ganja Philharmonic Hall, which was introduced in 2017. It is set near the focal square of Ganja. With green rooftops and brilliant decorations, it offers an enthralling grandiose along with exquisite architecture. The gallery of the show lobby on the third floor includes the resolutions to the well-known Azerbaijani writers, Uzeyir Hajibeyov, Fikrat Amirov, Gara Garayev, Niyazi, and Arif Malikov. There is additionally an outdoors show stage, a perception tower, a two-story exhibition, and two wellsprings beautified with national decorations in the yard of the Philharmonic Hall.

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Philharmonic Hall ©wikipedia.com
Author

Shanika Nishi is currently majoring in architecture. With avid interest in reading and research, she has been regularly penning down her ideas into poems. She has a vision of contributing vivaciously to the profession &further while honing her knowledge. She also believes that ‘We must do what little we can.’

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