The computational design uses computational tools and techniques to aid in creating, analysing, and optimising design processes and products. It involves using algorithms, programming languages, and other digital tools to automate, optimise, and customise various aspects of the design process, such as form generation, structural analysis, and performance evaluation. In computational design, designers can create and assess multiple design options quickly and accurately using software tools that simulate real-world conditions and constraints. This approach allows designers to explore more creative and innovative solutions that may not have been possible with traditional design methods. Computational design is used in many fields, including engineering, manufacturing, product design, and architecture. Urban planning, robotics, and artificial intelligence are a few other areas where it is becoming increasingly significant.

How can computational design and artificial intelligence be used to redevelop the existing structures? - Sheet1
Voronoi Diagram Computational Design_© Design Software –Autodesk 3Ds Max
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Computational Design_©Viz World
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CT examples in Architectural Renovation – Notre Dame de Cathedral (top-left), San Galgano Abbey (right), and Dancing House (bottom-left)_©Parametric House

Artificial intelligence (AI) in architecture and design refers to using computer algorithms and machine learning techniques to aid in creating, analysing, and optimising buildings, spaces, and structures. AI has the potential to transform the way architects and designers approach their work by providing tools that can automate tedious or time-consuming tasks, generate new design options, and optimise building performance.
There are many examples of how AI can be used in architecture and design, including,
Generative design, Virtual Reality and Augmented Reality, where AI-powered virtual and augmented reality tools can provide immersive experiences of buildings and spaces, allowing architects and designers to better visualise and communicate design ideas.
It can also help with Predictive Modelling, where AI algorithms can be used to predict the behaviour of buildings and structures under different conditions, helping to optimise structural integrity and ensure safety. Artificial Intelligence has the potential to enhance the efficiency, creativity, and sustainability of architecture and design, enabling architects and designers to create better, more functional, and more innovative buildings and spaces. Computational design, also known as parametric design, is a design methodology that uses algorithms and computational tools to generate and optimise designs. This approach can contribute to making the design more sustainable in several ways:
Energy efficiency: Computational design can optimise a building’s energy performance by simulating different scenarios and finding the most energy-efficient design. This can include optimising the building’s orientation, window placement, and shading devices.
Material efficiency: By using computational tools, designers can create structures that require less material to achieve the same level of strength and durability. This reduces the amount of waste generated during construction and lowers the embodied carbon footprint of the building.

Lifecycle analysis: Computational design can help designers assess the environmental impact of a building throughout its entire lifecycle, from construction to demolition. This can help identify areas for improvement and inform decisions that reduce the building’s environmental footprint.

Adaptability: Computational design can enable the creation of adaptable designs that can be easily modified to meet changing needs. This reduces the need for new construction and promotes a circular economy. Comprehensive computational design can help designers make more informed decisions that minimise the environmental impact of buildings and infrastructure. By optimising designs for energy and material efficiency and considering the full lifecycle of a building, computational design can contribute to a more sustainable built environment.

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Computational Design_©Rethinking the Future

Computational design and artificial intelligence (AI) can also be used to redevelop existing structures through Building analysis and optimisation. Computational tools can analyse existing buildings’ structural and environmental performance and suggest optimisation strategies. For instance, Artificial Intelligence algorithms can analyse energy consumption patterns and recommend changes to improve energy efficiency. In Generative design, Artificial Intelligence can generate multiple design options based on specific criteria and constraints. This allows architects and designers to explore a wide range of options quickly and efficiently and can help identify innovative design solutions. For Retrofitting and renovation, Artificial Intelligence can help architects and engineers optimise retrofitting and renovation projects. For example, by analysing data from sensors and building systems, Artificial Intelligence algorithms can suggest the best strategies for upgrading heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems or replacing building components. Consequently, it is extremely useful for predictive maintenance, where AI algorithms can monitor building systems and predict when maintenance or repairs are needed, helping to prevent costly breakdowns and improve overall building performance. Computational design and Artificial Intelligence can help optimise building performance, reduce costs, and improve sustainability, making it valuable tools for redeveloping existing structures.

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Discord Application- Midjourney Artificial Intelligence for generating art_© Discord

Midjourney is an online artificial intelligence platform that provides architects and interior designers access to a wide range of furniture and decor items, allowing them to create customised designs for their clients more easily and efficiently. Here are some of the ways that Midjourney has made life easier for architects and interior designers:
Access to a Wide Range of Products: Midjourney offers various furniture and decor items from various vendors, making it easy for architects and interior designers to find the perfect items to suit their client’s needs and preferences. It also allows an individual to redesign spaces through various rendering commands in a few seconds, which could be a task for architects and 3D visualiser to re-render the scene. 

Time Savings: Midjourney eliminates the need for architects and interior designers to spend hours searching for the right products for their projects. The platform provides a curated selection of items, making it easy to find what they need quickly.
For instance, if you write “/imagine” and type a few words to generate a traditional mood board or generate a Zaha Hadid-style urban design and planning over your inserted image of existing urban design, it can generate a completely new design out of it in, which could be very useful when you have a strict timeline to follow. 

Cost Savings: Midjourney offers competitive pricing and exclusive discounts, helping architects and interior designers save money on their projects.
Streamlined Workflow: The platform streamlines the ordering process, allowing architects and interior designers to place orders quickly and easily. This frees up time to focus on other aspects of the project. Midjourney AI can use real-time data to analyse how people use and move through public plazas or shopping malls. This can inform decisions about the placement of furniture or amenities or the creation of new gathering spaces. For example, by analysing how people move through a park, AI can suggest the best location for a new playground or seating area. Or by analysing a person’s movements through a home or office, AI can suggest the optimal placement of furniture or lighting to improve comfort and productivity.

Discord Application- Midjourney Artificial Intelligence for designing spaces_© AI

Overall, Midjourney has made life easier for architects and interior designers by providing them with a one-stop shop for furniture and decor items, customising options, time and cost savings, and a streamlined workflow.

In conclusion, Computational Design and Artificial Intelligence (AI) have the potential to revolutionise the way we approach the redevelopment of existing structures. By leveraging advanced algorithms and data analysis tools, architects, engineers, and designers can optimise building performance, reduce costs, and improve sustainability. From building analysis and optimisation to generative design and predictive maintenance, Artificial Intelligence can offer valuable insights and recommendations for improving existing buildings’ efficiency, safety, and comfort. As technology evolves, computational design and Artificial Intelligence will likely play an increasingly important role in redeveloping our built environment.


Raivati grew up in Ahmedabad, India and have always been fascinated by people, places and stories. She has completed three-year diploma course in Architecture, Bachelors of Design (Major : Space Design) from Anant National University, and currently pursuing my Master’s in Architecture and Urbanism which is focused on Computational Design, Robotic Digital Fabrication and Urban Design from University of East London. She always looks forward to expand through experiencing and learning different things while working, travelling and capturing the essence in every possible place she can. She is skilled in AutoCAD, Maya, Sketch-up, hotoshop, Architectural Writing, Design Research, Architectural and Interior Design. She has worked with various Architectural and Interior Design firms in Ahmedabad, India and in London, United Kingdom like Sachin Gandhi and Associates, Accanto Interiors, etc. She has a keen interest in Urbanization, and about how cities get evolved due to people and identities. Being in this process, she has learned to manage time and challenges and always plans to engage herself with work which gives happiness and learnings.