Greece was influential in antiquity and is frequently referred to as the “cradle of civilization.” Even though its territory has been the subject of numerous conflicts throughout its 40,000-year history, there are still several fascinating sites that bear witness to the nation’s wealth of knowledge and crucial position as an ancient power.

Popular tourist destinations include the Acropolis, Akrotiri, and Mystras, which are well-known sites that have a combined age of over a thousand years. There’s no denying that Greece’s historical sites offer countless opportunities for travel inspiration.

The Acropolis

An architectural review of a location: Greece - Sheet1
Image 1_ The Acropolis of Athens_©Prashant Talwar

The greatest architectural and artistic complex that Greek Antiquity left for the world is composed of the Acropolis of Athens and its monuments, which serve as universal symbols of the classical spirit and civilization. Following its victory over the Persians and the establishment of democracy, Athens rose to prominence among the other ancient city-states in the second half of the fifth-century bc. The ambitious plans of Athenian statesman Pericles were carried out by an exceptional group of artists during the succeeding age of thought and artistic flourishing, and the rocky hill was transformed into a singular monument of thought and the arts with the inspired leadership of the sculptor Pheidias. The Parthenon, the Erechtheion, the Propylaia, and the temple of Athena Nike is among the Greek Antiquity structures and monuments found on the Acropolis.

A large number of tourists visit the Acropolis each year because it is such a well-liked historical site today. An incredible variety of exhibits and artifacts from the actual Acropolis are housed in the nearby, recently opened Acropolis Museum.

Akrotiri 

An architectural review of a location: Greece - Sheet2
Akrotiri_© Greeka

Santorini’s Akrotiri is an exceptionally well-preserved ancient site known for its amazing frescoes and its connection to the Minoans. Akrotiri does have another claim to fame, though. Akrotiri was thought to have been a Minoan site and was connected to Knossos, according to a consensus. Some have gone even further, asserting that it was the Atlantis’ lost city.

The impressive Akrotiri ruins serve as a reminder of the advanced urban settlement that once occupied the area. The structures are mostly multi-story, and many of them have vibrant frescoes on various subjects. Due to its exceptional state of preservation, it has earned the nickname “Minoan Pompeii” along with another well-known volcanically preserved site.

Mystras

An architectural review of a location: Greece - Sheet3
Image 3_ Mystras_©Greek Boston

On top of a hill, Mystras looks down upon Sparta. The fortress William of Villehardouin, prince of Achaia, built-in 1249 was encircled by Mystras, the “wonder of the Morea,” which was constructed as an amphitheater. After being recaptured by the Byzantines and later occupied by the Turks and the Venetians, the city was abandoned in 1832, leaving only the magnificent medieval ruins that still stand in a stunning setting. The important archaeological site of Mystras is now recognized by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. The so-called “wonders of Morea” were a collection of buildings that were constructed during the city’s active period and included numerous churches, palaces, homes, and other buildings, including its renowned fortress.

Several Byzantine churches, a monastery, and other ruins, including the castle, some roads, and the fortress walls, are all that is left of Mystras today. These structures are surrounded by an amazing landscape. Particularly well kept up is the site’s entrance. The nearby Mystras Museum houses artifacts recovered from the site.

Delphi

An architectural review of a location: Greece - Sheet4
Delphi_©Nationa Geographic
Delphi was well-known for being a major center of worship for many gods and goddesses, including Apollo, the Greek god of the sun. It was also the site of the influx of the Apollon spirit into the Delphic Oracle. The Temple of Apollo, treasuries, the theater, and athletic buildings, such as the stadium where the athletic Pythian Games were held and where competitors came from all over Greece to compete, are among the many city ruins that still stand today.

Mycenae

An architectural review of a location: Greece - Sheet5
Image 5_ Mycenae_© Greeka

Greece’s Mycenae is a significant archaeological site. It was the city at the heart of the Mycenaean civilization between 1600 BC and 1100 BC. Mycenae, which is thought to have been inhabited since the Neolithic period, flourished into a fortified city and was once ruled by the illustrious King Agamemnon. It shares connections with several important cultural works, such as the Odyssey and the Iliad.

The Lion’s Gate and the North Gate are just two of the well-preserved sites that can still be found at Mycenae today. At Mycenae, there are a few additional houses, as well as a granary and a few guard rooms. The Tomb of Agamemnon itself is arguably the most remarkable of Mycenae’s sites and the most impressive of the burial sites. The hills around Mycenae contain a once-ornate tomb from the thirteenth century BC.

Olympia

An architectural review of a location: Greece - Sheet6
Olympia_© Greeka.

In honor of the Greek god Zeus, Olympia hosted the first Olympic Games in 776 BC. Olympia was a thriving Ancient Greek city. Olympia’s reputation was enhanced by the fact that the games there was a national occasion that drew athletes and spectators from all over the nation. Theodosius I, the Roman emperor, put an end to them in 394 AD after labeling them a “pagan cult.”

The Treasuries, the Temple of Hera, both significant religious structures located within the Altis sacred precinct, and the Pelopion, the purported tomb of the mythical Pelops, are examples of Olympia’s current manifestation of this gradual growth. Around 600 BC, these were constructed. Even the stadium, which could hold about 50,000 spectators and was constructed specifically for the Olympic Games in around 560 BC, was upgraded. The ruins of this magnificent stadium can still be seen today.

These are just some of many . Nearly every region of Greece is linked to history and the list is quite lengthy. So, History lovers and travelers are suggested to bring tons of time while visiting Greece

References:

  1. Schmid, M. (2015). The Must-Visit Ancient Sites in Greece for History Lovers. [online] Culture Trip. Available at: https://theculturetrip.com/greece/articles/10-must-see-ancient-sites-in-greece/ [Accessed 23 Dec. 2022].
  2. Musafir.com. (n.d.). Best historical sites in Greece. [online] Available at: https://www.musafir.com/blog/best-historical-sites-in-greece [Accessed 23 Dec. 2022].
  3. History Hit. (n.d.). 10 of Greece’s Best Historic Sites. [online] Available at: https://www.historyhit.com/guides/historic-sites-in-greece/.
  4. Talwar, P. (2022). Acropolis at Athens, Greece. [online] SPHEEHA. Available at: https://spheeha.org/acropolis-at-athens-greece/ [Accessed 23 Dec. 2022].
Author

Toukir is an undergraduate student of architecture at Khulna University, Bangladesh. He is fascinated to explore the relationship of human psychology and build environment in this age. He dreams to be impactful to the people, to the planet with sensible and responsible architectural practice.

Write A Comment