A roundabout is a circular intersection where drivers travel around a center island. Roundabouts are referred to as circles, rotary, island, rotunda by locals. The traffic flows in roundabouts occur in a single direction around the central island. Some of the roundabouts also act as a landmark to that city. Circular junctions are an older form of roundabouts, which began in the 1960s. Many countries adopted roundabouts for safety, for better traffic flow. 

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Roundabout_ © www.economical.com

Roundabouts are classified into many types such as single lanes, mini (smaller ones), balconies, motorways (large ones), signalized, bicycle/pedestrian. Here are the 10 biggest roundabouts in the world:

1. Putrajaya Roundabout, Malaysia

 It is the largest roundabout in Southeast Asia which is located in Putrajaya, Malaysia (1997-1999). The roundabout was named after Almarhum Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah of Selangor, the eleventh Yang di-Pertuan Agong. The roundabout passes through famous landmarks such as the Seri Perdana Complex (Prime Minister’s Office), Putra Mosque and Istana Melawati. The roundabout is 3.5km (2.7 miles) in diameter which is an important roundabout in Malaysia.

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Top view of the largest roundabout_© www.nomorecorners.wordpress.com
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View of a part of the roundabout_© www.aseanrecords.com

2. Swaraj Round, Thrissur

The roundabout is locally known as the Swaraj Round/Thrissur Round, a circular road that is 2 kilometres in length located in the centre of the city Thrissur in the heart of Kerala, India. It is considered the second-largest roundabout in South Asia, is the largest financial, commercial, and business centre connected by seventeen roads. The Swaraj Round surrounds a small hillock on which sits the Vadakkunnathan Temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. It is one of the Central business districts (CBD). This roundabout acts as a central landmark in the heart of Kerala. 

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Plan of the roundabout_© www.upload.wikimedia.org
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Circular roundabout_© www.alchetron.com 
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The temple centrally situated in the roundabout_© www.alchetron.com

3. The Étoile, France

Located in Paris, France, The Arc de Triomphe Roundabout is also known as the Etoile. The Arc de Triomphe monument stands in the center of this roundabout. This beautiful 12 lane (straight avenues) roundabout is the most stunning roundabout in the world. The drive around this roundabout lets a person grasp the history of France. It is considered one of the busiest roundabouts. The road goes around the monument in a single direction.

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The 12-lane roundabout_© www.leggypeggy.com
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The Arc de Triomphe in the center of Etoile_© www.Shutterstock.com

4. The Queen’s Park Savannah, Port of Spain

The Queen’s Park Savannah roundabout is the largest in the world. The Queen’s Park Savannah is one of the iconic places in the twin isle republic, located in the heart of Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago. The Queens Park Savannah is a traffic roundabout with a diameter of 3.5 kilometres and home to multiple events such as Carnival, Panorama, or simply a public recreational area. It overlooks the magnificent seven colonial-style buildings (17th and 18th century). It is the most lively, interactive zone in the city. 

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The large roundabout_© www.atlantablackstar.com
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The Queen’s Park Savannah Aeriel view_© www.wikipedia.com

5. The Magic Roundabout, Swindon, UK

The magic roundabout is a ring junction constructed in 1972 which consists of five mini-roundabouts arranged in a circle. It is located near the County Ground, home of Swindon Town. In this roundabout, traffic flows around the inner circle anticlockwise and flows clockwise around the five smaller roundabouts on the outer loop. It is considered one of the scariest roundabouts.

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The intimidating roundabout_© www.gigazine.net
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The vortex_© www.reddit.com 

6. Dai Liet Sy Roundabout, Vietnam

This roundabout is the largest in Vietnam, which is also a portable park used by people. This roundabout is interconnected to many lanes and also acts as a public zone for the people in Vietnam. This roundabout not only increases the green cover of the city but also maintains city traffic.

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The green roundabout_© www.flickr.com
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The Park roundabout_© www.upcgreen.com

7. Bunbury’s Eelup Rotary, WA

This roundabout is the largest in Western Australia which is fully controlled by traffic lights. It is the only fully signalized roundabout in WA. This roundabout significantly helped reduce traffic accidents, crashing and maintain traffic flow systematically. 

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Signaled roundabout_© www.abc.net

8. La Estampida (Stampede) Roundabout, Mexico

This unique roundabout is a monument and also a traffic circle located in Greater Guadalajara. The roundabout consists of horse sculptures running, called the stampede. It represented a world of sculptures, art deco movement. This is an example of a refreshing example of a roundabout.

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The horse roundabout_© www.thelocalist.co

9. Pearl Ring Roundabout, China

This beautiful roundabout is located in Shanghai, China. It is not only a traffic roundabout but also provides lanes for pedestrian movement. It is the largest roundabout in China which is a prime connection to the city. It is a combination of a pedestrian bridge and a traffic roundabout. The roundabout focuses on pedestrian and vehicular movement.

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Aerial view of the roundabout _© www.pinterest.com

10. Old Street Roundabout, London

The Old Street Roundabout is more of a square-about located in central London. The roundabout is different due to the mix of traders who work beneath. The roundabout is recognized for the sculptural forms above ground and the video screens that tell us what people are googling. It is known as St. Agnes Well after the shopping center located beneath it.

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The unique roundabout_© www.londonist.com
Author

Arpitha is pursuing her bachelor's degree.She has passion for writing and design.She interests herself in designing and writing about architecture. She believes architecture has a prominent impact in any person's life and we architects have the ability to create change. She loves exploring new ideas, concepts, thoughts and believes there is no end to learning!!!

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