Landscape architecture, one of the decorative arts allied to architecture, city planning, and horticulture is defined as “the art of arranging land and the objects upon it for human utility, experience, perception, and recreation.” The landscape scenarios that covered the greater part of the Earth’s main lands before humans started to construct encompass and penetrate even the biggest cities. 

Designed landscapes, by filling the open areas in cities, create a sense of continuity in space between built urban landscapes and the open rural landscapes beyond. Endeavors to design gardens and to preserve and create green open spaces in and around urban areas are efforts to keep in touch with the first peaceful, country scene. This article talks about the aesthetic and physical aspects of landscape design and the importance of landscaping features.

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Blue Green Themed Corridor Landscape  ©Stantec

Focused Features and Principles

Mass | Form | Line | Colour | Texture

While color and texture add interest and extravagance to a design, it is mass, form, and line that is basic to getting sorted out space and  in creating a harmonious, unified landscape

Unity and Variety | Balance | Contrast | Proportion | Emphasis

The principles interact to yield the intended design to create attractive, pleasing, and comfortable settings.  In landscaping, these modify space and make a remarkable encounter. 

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Conceptual Direction with Landscape Features ©LLC

Many Dimensions

Landscape resonates with a keen vision of a broad expanse where natural and physical qualities of land along with air and water which change over the long run are spread about by developing insights like beliefs, uses, and values. People value different landscapes for different reasons.



Attracting Investment

Productive Capacity

Quality of Life

Spiritual Renewal

Sense of Place and Identity

Cultural Values

Historical Linkages

Indigenous Habitats



Art, Science, Nature

Landscape design is concerned with the relations between humankind and nature, it is generally dictated by either of the clashing ideologies about how human beings relate to nature. Art, science, and nature become closely interlocked in specifications communicated in planned landscapes. In improved assortments of herbaceous and woody plants, in social practices that stimulate their top-level augmentations to the scene, and in the methods and abilities for reshaping the types of plants. 

Garden and landscape design is art insofar as it creates for people experiences that elevate their spirits, widen their vision, and animate their lives. It is a science insofar as it fuses precise knowledge of its processes and materials. And it is identified to and expressive of nature insofar as it binds natural materials and settings. Almost certainly much art perceives, communicates, or symbolizes nature in one way or another. 

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Art, Science and Nature  ©Academy of Art

A Mark of Cultural Identity 

Every aspect of landscape architecture reflects one or the other of the conflicting auras. Landscaping in this manner thus reveals much about a culture and a period. The Japanese garden, for instance, is enlivened by the thought of people as a piece of nature, the Renaissance garden by the possibility that people are nature’s lords. 

Landscapes such as Milford Sounds, Lake Wakatipu, the Southern Alps, and the Central Volcanic Plateau, as well as areas of wild and relatively undeveloped coastline, mountains, high country, lakes, and rivers, reflect a natural phenomenon of nature. Ancient landscapes, such as the Kerikeri Basin in the Bay of Islands, Akaroa Harbour on the Banks Peninsula, Machu Picchu in Peru are valued because of their historical significance.

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Japanese Garden ©Horticulture Magazine
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Renaissance Landscapes Versailles ©Planet Ware
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Kerikeri Basin ©Worldwide Elevation
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Akaroa Harbour ©Pinterest
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Machu Picchu ©Quality Landscape

Propagates Local Ecosystem

Landscapes don’t have to be high-maintenance. Numerous plans use nearby plants and grasses to establish a wonderful climate that will flourish from one season to another. When a design imbibes native species of plants, the finishing will be better prepared to deal with the seasonal alterations without any additional considerations. 

Soil, average rainfall, and changes in temperatures can all pose a challenge to non-native plants, but varieties native receive all the nutrients they need from the local topsoil without extra substance compost. Besides, when the design mirrors the common habitat, birds, squirrels, and other little critters are enticed to make a home there.

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Carbon Neutral Landscapes in China ©Tetra Architects

Landscaping preserves the Environment

Rambling urban communities hurt the climate. Attributable to the unfortunate results of deforestation and contracting green spaces, arranging gives a chance to save and ensure the climate. Planting native flora, staying away from synthetic compounds, and tending to ecological issues keep green spaces solid and flourishing. Industrial contamination is quite possibly the most genuine sort of contamination. Essentially disposing of the relative multitude of processing plants isn’t attainable now. 

Arranging can help moderate a portion of the issues since plants purify the soil contaminated by industrial facilities. Plants clean the air as well as the soil. Trees are especially effective at this purification. The world’s woods retain around one-third of global emissions each year. Urban realms can purify polluted air by adding more landscaping. However, landscapers need good plans in place.


The United Nations has a blueprint of 17 Sustainable Development Goals. These address issues like climate change and environmental degradation. Great landscapers focus on the soundness of the climate. They are at the front line of methods and developments managing energy productivity, clean water, clean air, and that’s only the tip of the iceberg. 

In the excursion to a better, more manageable world, landscapers are significant. Landscape Architecture takes a broad look at strategies finished tasks to give the peruser a solid comprehension of the sustainability challenges.

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Sustainable Landscape Design University of Texas ©Meeting of the Minds

Breaks up large spaces into Inviting Nooks

At the point with an enormous property, it may very well be hard to make specific regions to designated functions. Landscape architecture makes it conceivable to separate even a huge setting into isolated, yet welcoming, zones. The correct design can make an outside lounge outlined by trees or bushes to shut out the commotion of the area and cultivate a sensation of being out in nature. 

The plan will contemplate how you intend to utilize the space and establish the ideal climate and setting for specific and mixed requirements. The alternatives are just traced by a creative mind.

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Designated and Variety of Uses ©Next City

Natural character unequivocally underlines natural ecological, hydrological and geomorphological processes, however, landscape additionally considers the general synthesis, spatial structure, and aesthetic upsides of space, along with its implications and relationship for various fragments of society. 

Individuals realize that they are organically and physiologically the results of characteristic advancement, yet their incredible innovative achievements lead them to feel that they are above, past, or outside nature, that they have vanquished and overwhelmed the wild and have it now inside their ability to remake the world.


Dazzling eyes on the visual and literary, Divya seeks to express her understanding of design methodologies and prowess in writing. Architecture for her is a deep impression with a reflection of serene apprehension that yearns the timeless themes of love, solitude, joy, and nature.