In today’s article, we will see how modern architecture works. When? and how did its icons always rule in this century?

It became predominantly established after the 1960s or after the Second World War, and was used to construct institutional corporate buildings, buildings built in a modern and new way, and new materials used in them, such as Buildings made with such techniques as steel, glass, and managed concrete are covered under modern architecture,

We will discuss about 20 such building icons which are always iconic in modern architecture.

1. GATEWAY ARCH BY EERO SAARINEN

Year of Completion: 1965 

Location: St. Louis, USA

Eero Saarinen is an American architect who organized a competition for the construction of a gateway organized by “Jefferson National Expansion Memorial Association” in the year 1947, in which Eero Saarinen proved the title of this competition with number 172 and he took the responsibility of designing it in a way. Is it a modern architecture-based building which was prepared in 1965.

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Gateway Arch © Smithsonian Magazine
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Gateway Arch © stltoday.Com / Local News
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Gateway Arch © VOGTPHOTO.COM 

2. THE SHARD BY RENZO PIANO

Year of Completion: 2012 

Location: London, UK

Shard is a famous project which is present in the building of Thames River south of London, the government has built it for its development projects and attractive center,

This building has offices along with the Hotel / Restaurant and Apartments for living, it is a fully operational 24-hour tower that promotes its beauty, it has 72 floors with 240 meters on its last floor the gallery was constructed, it is entirely constructed from several sloping glass reflecting the shape of the skeptic’s design.

                    

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The Shard ©TOWER.COM/SHARD PROJECT
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Interior View ©__TOWER.COM/SHARD PROJECT
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The Shard © TOWER.COM/SHARD PROJECT
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The Shard © TOWER.COM/SHARD PROJECT

3. SYDNEY OPERA HOUSE BY JORN UTZON + KARL LANGER

Year of Completion: 1973

Location: Sydney, Australia

In 1959, in front of the international competition, Danish architect “Jörn Uttan” became the number 200 architect who completed the competition, who took up the task of building it in 1958 and it was opened in 1973.

The opera house is also full of the vision of an architect as well as an engineer, it has 3 large shells with interlocking shells, which also has a restaurant, their roofs are well used, their shells are interlinked, in which you can walk well and can flatten.

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Sydney Opera House © MEDIUM.COM       
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Top View ©THE TWITTER.COM    
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Model © MAAS MUSEUM OFFICIAL WEBSITE

4. VILLA SAVOYE BY LE CORBUSIER

Year of Completion: 1931

Location: Poissy, France

Swiss architect ‘Le Corbusier’ and his cousin, Pierre Jeanernet, designed it in the Poissy region of France in 1928. It was built around 1931, this building was originally built for the Sawai family many years later in 1958. In the meantime, it went completely to the nation’s peace, there were also questions to drop it several times, but after several incidents, it was declared an official building. It was rebuilt between 1985 and 1997 under the supervision of ‘Le Corbusier’.

             

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3D View of VILLA SAVOYE © 3D EXPORT.COM 
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Front View © VOGUE.COM
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Interior View © WIKIWAND.COM
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VILLA SAVOYE © VOGUE.COM 

5. ONE WORLD TRADE CENTER BY DAVID CHILDS / SOM

Year of Completion: 2014

Location: New York, US

The ‘World Trade Center’, which was mainly built by terrorists under this name on 11 September 2001, was demolished in 2005 by the American architect ‘David Childs’, whose firm is Skidmore, Owings and Merrill (SOM), he undertakes the construction of big buildings like Burj Khalifa. Handled, proposed it was started in 2006 and completely renovated by 2014, its origin in 2015 was born, the area of ​​this building is 16 acres, which was established in New York-like city for the subject business center.

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ONE WORLD TRADE CENTER  © ARCHDAILY.COM
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One  World Trade Center Top View © ARCHDAILY.COM
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One  World Trade Center © SKYSCRAPER CENTRE BUILDING.COM    
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One  World Trade Center © ARCHDAILY.COM 

6. BURJ KHALIFA BY ADRIAN D. SMITH / SOM

Year of Completion: 2010

Location: Dubai, UAE

‘Burj Khalifa’ is an Arabic sentence which is Khalifa Tower, this tower was constructed by  skidmore, owings, and merrill (SOM) Company, whose lead architect was Ariane D. Smith, it was questioned in 2004, with its 6-year long time it was completed in 2010, this The building is known as Burj Dubai, whose height is 2,717 feet, the UAE President ‘Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan’ is the name of this building, the United Arab Emirates government made it a predominantly tourist place to pay off debts, breaking the records of many buildings. It was designed by Arian D. Smith and his team so that this tower could easily bear Dubai’s hot winds.

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BURJ KHALIFA © SKYSCRAPER CENTRE .COM              
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Top View © SKYSCRAPER CENTRE .COM
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BURJ KHALIFA © SKYSCRAPER CENTRE .COM
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BURJ KHALIFA © SKYSCRAPER CENTRE .COM
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Burj Khalifa ©SKYSCRAPER CENTRE.COM

7. GLASS HOUSE BY PHILIP CORTELYOU JOHNSON

Year of Completion: 1948

Location: New Canaan

‘Alice T.’ According to Freedman, the residence was built by ‘Philip Johnson’ around 1948, Johnson established an exhibition of the ‘Mies van der Rohe’ work at the Museum of Modern Art in 1947 and showed a model of the ‘Glass Farnsworth House’, later It was declared a National Historic Site in 1997. Now it is fully guided by the Government of Canaan.

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GLASS HOUSE © E-ARCHITECT.CO.UK 
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Interior View © E-ARCHITECT.CO.UK
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Interior View © E-ARCHITECT.CO.UK

8. FALLINGWATER BY FRANK LLOYD WRIGHT

Year of Completion: 1939

Location: Mill Run, Pennsylvania, US

Located 69 km southeast of Pittsburgh in a rural area in southwestern ‘Pennsylvania’ the home of American architect ‘Frank Lloyd Wright’ was proposed in the year 1935, which was completed in 1939, the building was partially built in the Allegheny Mountains. Stewart Township, located in the Laurel Highlands, is located above a waterfall on Bear Run in the ‘Mill Run’ section of Fayette County, Pennsylvania, Before Frank died, he is believed to have considered this building one of his most beautiful works in the year 1966 

It was declared a national landmark and in 2007 it was ranked 29th among American architects‘ favorite buildings.

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FALLINGWATER © FAILLINGWATER.ORG 
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FALLINGWATER © FAILLINGWATER.ORG     
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FALLINGWATER © FAILLINGWATER.ORG 

9. SEAGRAM BUILDING BY LUDWIG MILES VAN DER ROHE, PHILIP JOHNSON

Year of Completion: 1958

Location: New York, US

Built in 1958, the building was built by American architect ‘Ludwig Miles van der Rohe’ and ‘Philip Johnson’ who is said to have designed the interior of The Four Seasons and Brasserie Restaurant, and ‘Kahn’ and ‘Jacobs Associate’ Architect also worked with it,

This building is 515 feet high with stories built around 37.

The building was designated a National Historic and is considered a landmark of the city New York.

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SEAGRAM BUILDING © ARCH20.COM
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SEAGRAM BUILDING © ARCHDAILY.COM
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SEAGRAM BUILDING © ARCHDAILY.COM

10. FARNSWORTH HOUSE BY LUDWIG MIES VAN DER ROHE

Year of Completion: 1950

Location: Plano, Illinois, US

‘Ludwig Miles van der Rohe’ began construction of the house in 1945 which was completed around 1951, a one-of-a-kind room located in an area of ​​24 hectares, adjacent to the ‘Fox’ River between the city of Plano, Illinois This Farnsworth House exists for a famous place where a relaxed atmosphere will be found and what is needed in a larger life?

The building is highly recognized in the International Style of Architecture, was designated a National Historic Site around 2005 or 2006, now a number of Illinois components recognized at number 25, research and many covers of magazines there is a story.

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FARNSWORTH HOUSE © WIKIPEDIA
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FARNSWORTH HOUSE  © WIKIPEDIA
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FARNSWORTH HOUSE  © LANDMARK ILLINOIS.ORG
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FARNSWORTH HOUSE  © LANDMARK ILLINOIS.ORG

11. SOLOMON R. GUGGENHEIM MUSEUM BY FRANK LLYOD WRIGHT

Year of Completion: 1959

Location: New York, US

‘Solomon R. Guggenheim’ is a museum built in 1959 and it is believed that in the year 1952, Solomon’s death, he got his name. This building has now taken its place in the rental museum. This unique building built by ‘Frank Lloyd’ in the 20th century, which was given a cylindrical shape, was expanded in 1992 to build the tower around. A strategy was created which was completed between 2005 and 2008, a volume museum for the popular exhibition in New York City.

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SOLOMONR.GUGGENHEIMMUSEUM©ARCHITECTURALMOLESKINE.BLOGSPOT.COM 
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SOLOMON R. GUGGENHEIM MUSEUM © GUGGENHEIM MUSEUM.ORG 
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SOLOMON R. GUGGENHEIM MUSEUM © GUGGENHEIM MUSEUM.ORG
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SOLOMON R. GUGGENHEIM MUSEUM © GUGGENHEIM MUSEUM.ORG

12. BARCELONA PAVILION BY LUDWIG MILES VAN DER ROHE, LILLY REICH

Year of Completion: 1929

Location: Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain

This building was designed for the German International Exhibition in Spain in the year 1929, with the architects ‘Ludwig Miles van der Rohe’ and ‘Lilly Reich’ being both original,

This building is decorated with many types of modernism, such as it is full of furniture and red stone, marble like superlatives.

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BARCELONA PAVILION © BARCELONA TOURIST GUIDE.COM
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BARCELONA PAVILION © BARCELONA TOURIST GUIDE.COM
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BARCELONA PAVILION © BARCELONA TOURIST GUIDE.COM
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BARCELONA PAVILION © BARCELONA TOURIST GUIDE.COM

13. 30 ST MARY AXE (THE GHERKIN) BY NORMAN FOSTER, KEN SHUTTLEWORTH

Year of Completion: 2003

Location: London, UK

30 St. Mary’s X (formerly known as the Swiss Ray Building), built in 2003 and opened in 2004, has 41 floors as well as 591 feet in height, originally designed by architect Norman Foster in 2001. It was renovated again.

  

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30 ST MARY AXE © SEEMIT.COM
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30 ST MARY AXE © SEARCYSATTHEGHERKIN.CO.UK
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30 ST MARY AXE © SEARCYSATTHEGHERKIN.CO.UK

14. LOUVRE PYRAMID BY I. M. PEI

Year of Completion: 1989

Location: Paris, France

This pyramid is the main landmark of the city of Paris, designed by the American and Chinese architects I. M. Pei, built in the year 1989, the Louvre Pyramid is a glass and metal pyramid surrounded by three small pyramids and is the main pyramid.

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 LOUVRE PYRAMID © FLICKR.COM
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LOUVRE PYRAMID © FLICKR.COM
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 LOUVRE PYRAMID © FLICKR.COM 

15. CENTRE GEORGES POMPIDOU BY RENZO PIANO, RICHARD ROGERS, GIANFRANCO FRANCHINI

Year of Completion: 1977

Location: Paris, France

This tough looking building was questioned by the architecture team of Richard Rodgers, Renzo Piano, Gianfranco Franchini in the year 1971 and after a 6-year journey it was completed in 1977. It is a large public library; The Musée National d’art Modern, the largest museum of modern art in Europe, formerly known as ‘Beau burg’ the building was named after the President of France in the year 1974.

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CENTRE GEORGES POMPIDOU © ARTISTIKREZO.COM 
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CENTRE GEORGES POMPIDOU © ARTISTIKREZO.COM 

16. WHITNEY MUSEUM OF AMERICAN ART BY RENZO PIANO, MARCEL BREUER

Year of Completion: 1931

Location: New York, US

It was named after the American artist named ‘Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney’ in the ‘Whitney Museum of American Art’ in 1930. From 1966 – 2014, Whitney ‘Marcel Breuer’ and ‘Hamilton P’. The Smith-designed building was taken over by today’s architect ‘Renzo Piano’ and his team, which was reopened in 2015.

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WHITNEY MUSEUM © ARTNET.COM 
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WHITNEY MUSEUM  © PINTEREST.COM 
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WHITNEY MUSEUM © PINTEREST.COM

17. BT TOWER BY ERIC BEDFORD

Year of Completion: 1964

Location: London, UK

This building is present in a city like London at a place called Fitzrovia, also known as Post Office and BP Tower in a simple way, it is 581 feet high and when it was built in the year 1964, it built many tall buildings was surpassed, but now even higher buildings are available in London.

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BT TOWER © TELEGRAPH.CO.UK 
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BT TOWER © TELEGRAPH.CO.UK 
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BT TOWER © TELEGRAPH.CO.UK
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© TELEGRAPH.CO.UK

18. NATIONAL CENTER FOR PERFORMING ARTS COMPLEX BY PAUL ANDREU

2007 / Xicheng, Beijing / China

Year of Completion: 2007

Location: Xicheng, Beijing, China

French architect ‘Paul Andreau’ designed it in the year 2006. It is an art center in the Opera House of Beijing, which looks like a half-circle on view, its buildings and all the facilities combined with its area of 60,000 square meters. Which cost about 3.067 billion yuan to make.

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NATIONAL CENTER © MYDECORATIVE.COM 
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NATIONAL CENTER © MYDECORATIVE.COM 
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NATIONAL CENTER © MYDECORATIVE.COM 

19. MODERN ART MUSEUM OF FORTH WORTH BY TADAO ANDO

Year of Completion: 2007

Location: Forth Worth, Texas, US

The existence of this building is 19th century old, it is believed that many architects have designed it on many times which still exist today,

It is considered as a form of modernism because it is dropped from the plane walls of large concrete, about 41 feet high glass walls which makes the surrounding area stuck in metal fantastic.

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MODERN ART MUSEUM © AZAHNER.COM
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MODERN ART MUSEUM © THE MODERN.ORG 
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MODERN ART MUSEUM © DISD.EDU

20. CATHEDRAL OF BRASILIA BY OSCAR NIEMEYER

Year of Completion: 1970

Location: Brasilia, Brazil

The cathedral is a hybridized structure made up of 16 solid columns and each weighing 90 tons, the building is known as a church. It was designed by Brazilian architect “Oscar Némier” in the year 1970 and is famous for its modernity.

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CATHEDRAL OF BRASILIA © ARCHIDAILOG.COM 
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CATHEDRAL OF BRASILIA © ARCHIDAILOG.COM 
Author

I finished my graduation in 2019 and after that, as a junior architect, now a competent freelancer, a passionate thinker and architecture pedagogy, started writing stories at the age of 17 and self-published in village newspapers. Addressing key relationships with green management and environmental management, special rural school environment and community center / workshop in view of design problems is more preferred. With a proven track record, what I have learned from a creative and an experience is full of love for all.

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