Mega Event: EXPO 2020, Dubai
The Expo 2020 delayed due to the cause of the Pandemic last year is finally set to be in action. This event to be held in Dubai is the most happening event around the world right now. Several countries are participating and showcasing their ideas and innovations in one of the three districts i-e Sustainability, Mobility, and Opportunity. The Expo 2020 promotes the motto ‘where the world comes together and creates a better tomorrow’. As of April 2019, a total of 192 countries are set to be part of the mega event. It is a hub of innovation and creativity.
Santiago Calatrava – Qatar Pavilion
The recently revealed design of the Qatar Pavilion by the Spanish architect Santiago Calatrava has caught the eye of everyone. The pavilion is said to be a part of the sustainability district. One of the reasons behind this can be due to the use of sustainable materials and robust construction techniques used to set up the structure.
The architect has drawn inspiration from the national emblem of Qatar; elements of Qatar’s coat of arms. The visual interpretation of the facade consists of two crossed and curved swords, a traditional dhow boat, and an island with a palm tree on the Qatari coat of arms.
The pavilion covers a total area of 960 Square meters along a built-up area of 620 Square meters. The structure extends vertically to the height of 15 meters approximately. Two grand crossed and curved volumes are an abstract representation of the traditional Qatari dhow boat. A 20m tall gold-colored tower-like sculpture depicted as two intervening palm trees stands next to the main Pavilion. The water element running along the site represents the Arabian Gulf surrounding Qatar.
The magnificent details make the structure look elegant. The color palette used in the structure comprises white and maroon, drawn from the colors of its flag. The white symbolizes internationally recognized peace and the maroon represents the bloodshed during numerous wars Qatar has undergone.
The concept represents the vision of the nation and elaborates the history and culture of the country. Building Design encapsulates movement, mobility, strength, and tradition intending to showcase the heritage as well as the futuristic approach of the nation. Considering the theme of the national emblem, designers have brought in an innovative design. The synchronization of two built forms creates a sense of harmony and unity.
The aerial view gives a rhythm of two intersecting sloping roofs. Overall the structure advocates a tint of parametricism with unity in terms of color.
Upon entering the pavilion the visitor will come through the vision of Qatar, emanating the amalgamation of its traditional delicacy and revolutionary outlook. A timeline of the past, present, and future of the nation is depicted visually on the interiors.
It accommodates two main galleries and exhibition spaces.
Construction Material Used
The material used in construction is KRION, an ecological material made out of two-thirds natural minerals and a percentage of high-resistance resins. It is fully recyclable as well as aesthetically pleasing. This material is hard-wearing, easy to repair and maintain.
Structurally, sheets of KRION are cut and attached to cover the steel-framed facade.
Due to the pandemic, there was a delay in the schedule, hence the design was promised to be delivered within five months. The structure is functional and sustainable. The construction procedure is following an accelerated strategy with an aggressive timeline.
The construction started in May 2021 and is in the advanced stage as the opening is anticipated on October 1st, 2021.
The project team lead from Santiago Calatrava is Micael Calatrava, allying with the main contractor, ALEC FITOUT.
Upcoming Qatar Pavilion is an innovation of the future and learning of the past. Bringing in opportunities for all and promoting sustainability and mobility the nation reveals the design of its Pavilion. The EXPO 2020 is set to surface in Dubai from 1st October 2021 and will last for the next six months. The site is of great architectural significance and learning.
Reference Link (fig.)
ArchDaily. (n.d.). Gallery of Santiago Calatrava Reveals Design of the Qatar Pavilion for the Expo 2020 Dubai – 1. [online] Available at: https://www.archdaily.com/967334/santiago-calatrava-reveals-design-of-the-qatar-pavilion-for-the-dubai-2020-expo/61250f3ef91c81048b00000c-santiago-calatrava-reveals-design-of-the-qatar-pavilion-for-the-dubai-2020-expo-image?next_project=no