Mediterranean Revival Architecture has always been about capturing the soul of the beautiful coast side living. It started as a way for people to experience the Mediterranean air while still being hundreds of miles away. The lifestyle in countries like Spain, Tunisia, France, Greece, Italy, and Morocco primarily gave birth to this Revival in the Roaring Twenties of the United States. California and Florida were some of the states that adopted this style into its holiday homes, villas, and hotels. Some of the characteristics that make this style unique include –
1. A sudden adoption of this design style | Mediterranean Revival architecture
During the 1920s, the people were rolling in riches, often spending it on the most affluent luxuries. This led to a boost in seaside villas, resorts, and luxury homes that embraced the spirit of the Mediterranean coast. Architect Addison Mizner can be credited with making the style famous in Florida to the point where it got called the ‘Mizner Style’ In California, architects Bertram Goodhue and Summer Spaulding popularized the style. After this, the design started reaching other states as well.
2. An amalgamation of different styles | Mediterranean Architects
This architectural style draws insights from several ideologies, Spanish being the topmost among them. Blending different elements from the Spanish Renaissance, Spanish Colonial with that of the Italian Renaissance defines the Mediterranean architecture. Mediterranean Revival Architecture also incorporates Venetian styles, Gothic and Arabic styles. It achieves eclecticism by combining various features of these styles rather than being inspired by a single one.
3. The roof becomes the unmistakable element | Mediterranean Architecture
The design of the roof is the most striking. It is what catches the eye at the first glance. A roof laid with a thick red or terracotta tiles is a distinct feature of this style. It is a low-pitched hip roof with the presence of broad overhangs that makes it a signature of the Mediterranean style.
4. The symmetry of facades
The exterior is the second most prominent element making this style different from the rest. To add contrast to the deep red-tiled roofs, the facades are kept white, buff-colored, or in shades of pastel. They are always covered in stucco work, a feature of the Spanish styles. However, the Italian aspect of the facade makes it unique. The symmetry is stressed upon above all else to give it a solemn appearance. The exteriors are also covered in lime paint to preserve authenticity.
5. The designs of doors and windows | Mediterranean Revival architecture
A notable feature of the Mediterranean style of residences is the presence of arched doors and windows. To maintain symmetry a uniform number of windows have been provided on both sides of the entryway or the porch. The interiors also feature arched doors all over. The sizes of these fenestrations had been kept greater to make for an open and airy environment.
6. A surplus of open spaces
Since luxury is the central theme of Mediterranean buildings, open spaces are generously consolidated. A detour from the presence of grand front porches was seen. Instead, open loggias, patios, and lush courtyards bring a sense of openness. Extensive gardens and outdoor loggias equipped with plush seating, a fireplace, and all the luxuries make the user experience rich. The Mediterranean region has a breezy climate hence the balconies, as well as open spaces, make it all the more enjoyable.
7. A tasteful floor finish
Mediterranean style flooring is usually characterized by geometrical patterns. Tiles are often used in almost all places to inject personality into the design. Sometimes the stairs or the walls also feature accents of tiles. Often taking inspiration from the Mediterranean countries, mosaic tiles also adorn the floors. For decorating, terracotta tiles were used.
8. Integration of columns in the design | Mediterranean Architecture
A plenitude of classical design elements like columns, parapets, and pediments are incorporated in the Mediterranean Revival architecture style. They can be either used as structural supports or merely for ornamentation purposes. Italian Renaissance influenced designs where the columns used could be twisted, ornate, or spiral with beautiful carvings. These columns can be seen at the grand entryways, supporting arched doorways, in porches, or between balusters.
9. The aesthetically pleasing interiors | Mediterranean Architects
The interior walls kept textured, peak the interest of the user, and keep it compelling. To accomplish this, they were often covered in stucco or plaster that adds texture to it. Another material that is found abundantly in Mediterranean designs is wood. Whether it be the skirting boards, furniture, or staircases, all are done in wood. The use of hardwood extends into details, including kitchen cabinets, wooden wall panels, ceilings, and fireplaces.
10. Different materials like wrought iron accentuate the design | Mediterranean Revival architecture
Wrought iron gives the building a feel of the Mediterranean. It is mostly found in interior door grills, railings, windows, and balconies. Sometimes, light fixtures and staircases also employ the use of wrought iron. Other materials like ceramic tiles, limestone, and terracotta beautify the buildings by ornamentation.