Hybridity in architecture has caused a revolution in the architectural world. Hybrid means a combination of different elements. When this hybridity amalgamates with architecture, the fusion thus formed can serve a heterogeneous society. Hybridity can be in the form of anything ranging from digitalization to prefabrication.

Hybrid materials are also termed ‘smart materials. Such materials have properties that are subject to reversible change when exposed to external factors like electrical charge, light, temperature, or any other physical or chemical element. Smart materials can remember configurations and can adjust to specific stimulants. Thin solar films, dye solar cells (DSC modules), organic solar cells, thermo-electrical generators, and systems are new technical solutions that have made their way into architecture.

Hybridity in architecture involves designing structures that utilize different materials to create unique buildings and spaces. The concept of a hybrid structure allows the designers to explore different materials to complement the project’s vision and not just limit the designer to using just one material. 

Hybrid materials use a combination of wood, concrete, and steel to provide a cost-effective and sustainable solution for building structures to improve building performance and design. Hybrid construction is the combination of different materials or techniques to design a variety of buildings.

A hybrid system sometimes requires prefabricated elements to be manufactured off-site. Prefabrication speeds up construction and allows for easy installation. 

An overview of Hybridity in Architecture - Sheet1
Concrete, glass and steel hybrid structure_©Architonic

Hybridity in architecture and buildings involved are usually lighter than buildings constructed exclusively with steel, concrete, or another structural element. On the other hand, combining different elements, like, steel and timber, provides a better weight-to-strength ratio. Building a structure with various structural elements can make it easier to maintain. This is because the building is lighter and does not completely rely on the success of anyone building element. This often results in lower maintenance costs. Timber is a renewable resource. Incorporating a mix of structural elements into your building can provide you with the structural stability and integrity you need, which in turn minimizes the environmental impact of the building. Some structural elements may also be made of recycled or other renewable resources. Erecting a building made exclusively of steel is a tough and time-consuming process. Investing in a building made using a hybrid construction approach can help you fast-track the project. This is particularly helpful if you’re building in an area with adverse weather conditions and have to complete the building in a short construction season.

An overview of Hybridity in Architecture - Sheet2
Prefabrication_©Pixabay

Reduced working at height
Reduced program
Reduced deliveries
Lightweight structural solution
Reduced number of operatives on site
Reduced noisy works
Quicker return on investment
Improved cash flow due to early completion

The hybrid system of the building combines the best of both worlds. This includes the high productivity involved in the construction of modules and the ease of transportation in a prefabricated system. Kitchen and bathroom modules are built in a factory and require detailed construction. When building a kitchen or bathroom in a factory, fitting appliances, toilets, and sinks can happen with skilled tradesmen in one location and with attention to detail. A major advantage of a modular build is constructing a module component built without delay and with detailed workmanship. Prefabricated buildings offer houses built from panels constructed in a factory and installed on-site in a short time frame and with a flexible design. Panels can be built from recyclable materials and are completed and painted in a factory. 

Usually, buildings like super-buildings, mega-structures, or city buildings are mixed-use that require high infrastructure. The juxtaposition of programmatic sections measures the hybridity and its relationship with the surrounding areas of the structures. The hybrid buildings should be placed in high-density areas, with limitations for land occupancy. The hybrid scheme proposes environments where different activities come together, improving the living conditions and rejuvenating the surrounding areas. The relationship between shape and function may be implied in hybrid buildings. In the first case, it is by fragmentation, while the second is by integration. The hybrid building does not have a defined morphology responding to its uses. Still, instead, it will try to respond to a container shape, creating an equal habitat where all the different uses may be combined.

A variety of hybridity in architecture can be seen. One such type is typological hybridization, an example of which includes integrating urban and rural house types in a single society. As seen in Nishat Gardens of Srinagar, the crossbreeding of a natural and artificial landscape is also a hybrid architecture. It is a terraced Mughal Garden built on the eastern side of Dal Lake. Lined with avenues of chinar and cypress trees, ends with an artificial facade at the hill end. It represents twelve zodiac signs in twelve terraces. A beautiful water channel flows in the middle and adds to the romantic charm. It is one of the largest Mughal gardens.

Hybridity in architecture has become a way of designing and is the most common phenomenon without which architecture would not have coped with new technologies.

Nishat Garden, Srinagar_©Freepik

References:

  • One Kindesign (2016) Concrete, glass and steel structure hovers above Arizona Desert, One Kindesign. Available at: https://onekindesign.com/2016/08/09/concrete-glass-steel-arizona-desert/  (Accessed: November 4, 2022). 
  • Prefabrication (no date) Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica, inc. Available at: https://www.britannica.com/technology/prefabrication  (Accessed: November 4, 2022). 
  • Full article: Hybridization in architecture – researchgate.net (no date). Available at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/346041954_Hybridization_in_Architecture  (Accessed: November 4, 2022). 
Author

Faiza is an Architect, a Student of Urban & Regional Planning and an Architectural Blogger who has a keen interest in ongoing AEC trends. Filled with enthusiasm for exploring places, virtually or actually, she turns to writing to deliver her thoughts to the world with the perception of new ideas and patterns.

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