A building’s design can be identified by its form. Any building has a memory, from its façade design to how it feels inside. As a result, people automatically perceive any building through aesthetic criteria and judge it based on functional efficiency. The conflict between the ideas of form following function and functions following form is currently in focus, but both manifestos are right at their places, so distinguishing between them can be challenging without support. So here we are talking about the residence design only with the correlation of form and function along with the architect’s perplexity in between form and function.

Let’s take a simple household item as an example. A functionally well-performing product is usually what we have in mind when we go to the shop, but we have the option of choosing the product’s outer appearance and colors. But if the product does not perform well despite its external appeal, then it may not be on our list when purchasing it. Similarly, both aspects are equally important in building design. In regards to perplexity, some aspects outweigh others based on type, leading to some aspects being more important than others.

Perplexity in residence design: Form and function - Sheet1
Form & Function_archilovers

We can correlate the Jewish museum designed by famous architect Daniel Libeskind to get more inside. The Jewish museum is famous for taking visitors on an emotional journey through history. Creating that kind of form and space to experience a particular event is much more significant than shifting things into it. While this is true, the most important factor to keep in mind is the typology of the building; it’s a museum, and we need it to be that way because people tend to visit museums with this motto. On the other hand, there are different types of residences, so here, functionality is more important. Every individual has their own reasons for giving more importance to the function or the form. However, I am presenting here my thoughts after discussing the subject with the architectural community. There is also another type of residence, the weekend home. In general, a residence is a place that gives a sense of belonging. When someone says ‘my home,’ they are meaning a lot more than just a place to live. It is our responsibility to understand the seriousness of a person and his or her emotions as an architect. Along with that let’s talk about Form and Function. Form, to give it a unique identity, to make it attractive and interesting, or even so that it shows the personality of a person who wishes to live there. However, if we need to compromise the function of the home in pursuit of aesthetics, that’s not fair. An architect can show their best skill in balancing both things, but disrupting a house’s functionality is not a fair approach.

Perplexity in residence design: Form and function - Sheet2
bubble diagram_dynamobim

In architecture, it is important to see the conflict between form and function as an influential element. Form follows function is the hallmark of modernist functionalism, adapting Louis Sullivan’s credo that “form follows function,” though Sullivan did not speak of the functional requirements of a building in relation to its form – he was referring to the relationships in nature and the creative process. It is paramount to realize that architecture goes beyond the formula of “form follows function.” I am not discounting the significance of functionalism in architecture, nor am I undermining the relationship that exists between form and function. I am merely pointing out the fact that the opposition between form and function is also vital to architecture.

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From Vitruvius to the present, there is an analysis of the role of “form” and “function” throughout the history of architecture and architectural theory, emphasizing twentieth-century functionalism in particular. Various historical examples are provided, including Ancient, Classical, Islamic, Christian, Byzantine, Gothic, Renaissance, Mannerist, and Neoclassical architecture, as well as movements from the 20th century to the present. For example, form is the visual shape or appearance of a building in the 20th century. Books such as Paul Frankl’s Principles of Architectural History and Rudolf Arnheim’s The Dynamics of Architectural Form, as well as Peter Eisenman’s The Formal Basis of Modern Architecture, reveal that architecture has always had a theoretical foundation.

Home stories begin at a point and end with an extensive network of planes. In order to attain diverse volumes, the path of creating useful living spaces has been submerged in this geometry. Throughout this design journey, there are spaces that indicate specific functions, such as the entrance, formal living or family seating, bedrooms, storage, connecting spaces for different activities, as well as a transition between open, semi-open, and closed spaces. In addition, light, weather considerations, and volume proportion are other factors that contribute to a human’s comfort in a space. However, for houses, the emphasis should be on their functions. Using the idea diagram, this may be considered first, followed by the creative form derivation process, and the chain can proceed from form to function to form again. Hence, the functions are the beginning point for the dwelling design.

Image sources

01_Form & Function_archilovers

http://img2.archilovers.com/story/b205ff480cbb48cc9be4a36e80cc1f92.jpg

02_bubble diagram_dynamobim

https://dynamobim.org/wp-content/uploads/forum-assets/mohammad-asl/09/17/[email protected]

03_form or function_axiswebmedia

https://axiswebmedia.blob.core.windows.net/www/usermedia/5068927/work/88766/hirofumi-isoya-form-follows-functio-120032_large.jpg

Author

Abhigna is a young architect who has a unique architectural way of interpreting things. Her interest lies in articulating sensible spaces according to the needs of society. She believes in the exploration of continuum architecture.

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