The ambition to construct taller buildings and the rush to the sky is, in many respects, as old as time. However, the total height of the tallest skyscrapers has risen dramatically in the recent century, but this does not imply that they have always been magnificent pieces of art. Designers are constantly reinventing modern buildings to make them taller and more inventive. Each structure symbolises the evolution of urban design, from the early twentieth-century Art Deco trend to a more current, neo-futuristic style. Finally, the skyline of any city tells a story of innovation and ambition, and these 25 amazing tallest buildings in the world are no exception.

Among the most stunning modern marvels are the buildings that rise to extraordinary heights above the clouds and appear to go on forever. They are sometimes office buildings, sometimes residential constructions, and sometimes a combination of both.

Here’s a compiled list of some of the world’s most finely built structures. 

The Spiral, New York City | Tallest Buildings In The World

Location: New York, Manhattan’s Hudson Yards:
Architects: Bjarke Ingels Group (BIG)
Height: 317-meter
Type: 66-story distinctive skyscraper
Area: 2.85 million square feet, (265,000 m2)
Year: 2016

Sustainable by design, and built keeping humans in mind, The Spiral embodies Tishman Speyer’s audacious vision and optimism for the future of our city.

The high-rise tower’s design is inspired by a combination of historic and contemporary design influences.

The tower’s intertwining of a continuous green path with the workplaces on every level is a distinctive design element. The tower’s distinctive feature is the manicured terraces, which wrap around it in a spiralling manner.

The Spiral improves the health and happiness of the staff by providing sunshine, fresh air, and access to outdoor space.

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manicured terraces _©
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manicured terraces _©

Merdeka 118

Location: stadium Merdeka precinct, Kuala Lumpur
Architects: RSP Architects jointly with Fender Katsalidis
Height: 678.9 meters (2,227 feet)
Type: supertall skyscraper
Area: 292,000m2
Completion Year: late 2022

A mixed-use tower, which will be a significant new tourist attraction, will house the city’s most intriguing hospitality, retail, and residential experiences, including the park Hyatt Kuala Lumpur and the largest double-height observation deck in Southeast Asia. 

The triangular glass facets that form the sculptural folds that characterise Merdeka 118’s facade draw their design cues from traditional Malaysian patterns in both art and craft as well as the country’s rich cultural variety.

The skyscraper is surrounded by a four-acre linear water park that was created by Boston-based landscape architect Sasaki. It is a park without cars created to encourage active neighbourhood engagement for citizens of all ages and backgrounds. Additionally, it will forge a significant aesthetic alliance with the esteemed Petronas and Kuala Lumpur towers.

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Merdeka 118_©

Ping’an International Financial Center |  Tallest Buildings In The World

Location: Shenzhen, Guangdong, China
Architects: American architectural firm Kohn Pedersen Fox Associates
Height: 115-story, 599 m (1,965 ft)
Type: supertall skyscraper
Area: 378,600 square meters
Completion Year: 2017

The Ping’an Finance Center is now the highest structure in Shenzhen, the second-tallest structure in China, and the fifth-tallest structure on earth.  

The façades of the tower’s top level taper to form a pyramid, giving it a prismatic appearance. Eight composite super-columns that extend beyond the building’s perimeter highlight the form. This layout is not only aesthetically pleasing but also useful. The tower’s streamlined design enhances structural and wind performance by 35% lessening baseline wind loads. One of Ping An Finance Center’s most significant elements is the façade.

The tower has the largest stainless steel façade ever constructed, weighing 1,700 tonnes of 316L stainless steel. Due to its corrosion resistance and ability to maintain the Ping An Finance Center’s aesthetic over several decades despite Shenzhen’s salty coastal environment, this material was specifically chosen for this project.

The structure houses a conference centre, a high-end mall, an office, hotel, and retail space.

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Ping’an International Financial Center _©

Cor Building, Miami

Location:  Miami, Florida
Architects:  Oppenheim Architecture + Design Height: 115-story, 599 m (1,965 ft)
Type: Green mixed-use tower
Area: 480,000 sqft
Completion Year: Unknown

Incorporating the most recent developments in wind turbines, photovoltaic, and solar hot water generation into its architectural identity, Cor, which rises 400 feet above the Design District, embodies a dynamic synergy between architecture, structural engineering, and ecology.

The building structure, thermal mass for insulation, shading for natural cooling, enclosure for terraces, armatures for turbines, and loggias for gathering on the ground are all simultaneously provided by a polka-dotted hyper-efficient exoskeleton shell. Composed of live/work, commercial, office, fitness, and purely residential areas, COR offers a remarkably adaptable platform for enhancing lifestyles.

Design techniques incorporated into the design:

Local renewable energy sources Windmills and solar-heated water the grey water system features low-water gardening, a pool area with a green roof, and renewable resources (e.g., bamboo flooring), bamboo floor, repurposed glass tiles providing residential apartments with the choice of concrete or “paper stone” counters, high-performance plumbing equipment, no-water urinals, toilets with two flushes, on the mechanical area a white single-ply thermoplastic membrane roof, terraces and gardens on the penthouse units’ green roofs, highly insulated roofs and walls, Low-e windows,office and home windows that can be operated, concrete with a high fly ash concentration, low VOC adhesives and paints, local materials and stones are preferable to imported ones with embodied energy, bicycle facilities: Bike racks are provided in parking levels to encourage residents and office workers to bicycle.

The skin is a structural sheer wall made of concrete that provides thermal bulk, solar shade, and natural cooling by reducing solar gains. The white façade’s reflective properties further reduce solar gains.

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Cor Building, Miami _©

Shanghai Tower | Tallest Buildings In The World

Location: Lujiazui, Pudong, Shanghai.
Architects: International design firm Gensler
Height: 128-story, 632-meter-tall (2,073 ft)
Type: Mega tall skyscraper
Area: 380,000 m2 (4,090,300 sq ft)
Completion Year: late 2015

It is the third-tallest skyscraper in the world. Since 2015, it has held the title of the world’s tallest and largest LEED Platinum-certified structure.

The building’s 128 storeys are divided among nine cylindrical towers that are stacked on top of one another. The inside layers of the tower’s face enclose each level. There are nine zones and each of these nine zones has an atrium with cafes, gardens, and retail areas in addition to stunning views of the city. By being naturally lighted, plant-filled atriums, the meeting spaces are piled vertically, with “sky lobbies” separating the various zones to mimic town plazas and courtyards.

Further, The building’s transparent second skin lets in the most light while also serving as an insulating layer to save energy. In the winter, this warms the chilly outside air, and in the summer, it releases heat from the inside. The large cantilevered trusses that support the double curtain wall are stabilised by the use of hoop rings and struts.

More than 20,000 curtain wall panels in more than 7,000 distinct forms were needed to fit the unusual building shape. 

The tower is supported by steel super columns and a sturdy concrete core, and the nine cylindrical portions of the building are delineated by ‘branches’ that stretch out from the base of each zone. To reduce sway, a 1,000-metric-ton tuned mass damper is placed close to the top of the tower.

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Shanghai tower_©

Bank of America Tower (New York City)

Location: Avenue of the Americas, Midtown Manhattan neighbourhood of New York City.
Architects: Cookfox Architects
Height: 55-story, 1,200 feet (370 m)
Type: skyscraper
Area: 2.1 million square feet (200,000 m2)
Completion Year: 2009

This building’s excellent performance and innovative design aim to raise the bar for commercial buildings and the workplace setting. The architects reimagine the constraints of the skyscraper as more than a glass box by concentrating on ways to emphasise sunshine, fresh air, and a connection to the outdoors. Cook+Fox create an incredibly transparent corner entrance, merging the open street with the exclusive office complex. It provides ample light for the foyer and acts as a gentle transition between daytime business and city activity.

The neighbouring park is incorporated into the building through green roofs and an urban garden room, which, along with the natural materials used in the foyer, highlights the natural aspects of city living. Since the building’s shape deviates from its footprint, more surface area is exposed to daylight and aligned views of Bryant Park are provided. 

The building is properly insulated and shielded from excessive heat gain thanks to sustainable measures. The structure also uses water-saving techniques like rainwater collection systems, greywater recycling, and waterless urinals.

Additionally, the building filters the air that is sent to the workplaces and offers individual control. 

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Bank of America Tower (New York City) _©

One Central Park (Sydney, Australia)

Location: central park, Chippendale NSW 2008, Sydney, Australia
Architects: Ateliers Jean Nouvel
Height: 117-metre-tall (384 ft)
Type: living wall, mixed-use tower
Area: 4,600 m2 (157,153 sq ft)
Completion Year: 2013

To create a lush modern canopy, the public park at the centre of the precinct climbs the side of the floor-to-ceiling glass towers. The buds and blooms of the flora on the façade, created in partnership with French botanist and artist Patrick Blanc using 250 species of Australian flowers and plants, cover over 50% of the building’s façade.

The building’s landscape extends the planted area of the nearby urban park vertically onto it, providing occupants with an extraordinary living space and a potent green symbol on Sydney’s skyline.

A variety of climbing and spreading plants are supported by hydroponic walls, low-profile horizontal planters, and support cables integrated into the tower’s exterior. The plants serve as a natural solar control system that adapts to the seasons, protecting the apartments from direct sunlight in the summer and letting in the most sunshine possible in the winter.

Near its apex, the residential tower is distinguished by a colossal cantilever. A common area and sweeping terrace are located on the cantilever for the residential apartments. Sunlight is captured and reflected downward into the portion of the park that is shaded by the tower using a motorised heliostat that is fixed to the cantilever.  

The design advances the fusion of landscape and tower architecture to a new level and provides Sydney with a brand-new architectural landmark that represents the sustainable future of the city.

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One Central Park (Sydney, Australia) _©

Oasia Hotel (Singapore) | Tallest Buildings In The World

Location: Peck Seah Street, Singapore
Architects: WOHA
Height: AMSL 199.080 m
Type: Biophilic skyscraper
Area: 19,416 sqm
Completion Year: 2016

One of Asia’s most beautiful skyscrapers is the Oasia Hotel Downtown, which was built by the Singaporean architectural studio Woha.

The building is first surrounded by a signal-red mesh envelope, a unique colour splash in the area, followed by covert patches of green that appear to be gently encasing the structure. Even in Singapore, where developers deploy green walls as a badge of environmental seriousness, planted façades are nothing new. However, they have never been elevated to this height, literally.

The hotel rises amid glass and concrete, with a striking porous crimson steel façade(25,490 square meters)  that promotes biodiversity against a stark concrete background. The intention is to completely encircle Oasia in greenery by using butting planters(a total of 1,793 planter boxes on the façade) on each storey.

This hotel defies the trend of a sealed tower; the design’s internal breezeways and atriums, several protected terraces, sky gardens, and vertical greening enable visitors to adapt and experience Singapore’s tropical environs. 

The mesh on the façade forms a veil that reflects heat and offers up to 60% shade. 

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Oasia Hotel (Singapore) _©

Empire State Building, New York City

Location: New york
Architects: Shreve, Lamb and Harmon
Height: 120storey,1,250 feet (381 metres)
Type: Steel framed, Skyscraper
Area: 2,248,355 sq ft (208,879 m2)
Completion Year:1931 

The Empire State Building dominates the skyline of New York City with its towering height and distinctive design. It is the most stunning Art Deco skyscraper in the world, a living piece of New York history, and a universally recognised representation of contemporary city culture. The Empire State Building was the tallest structure in the world for nearly 40 years after it was finished, reaching 102 floors and 1,454 feet at its peak. It is still a magnificent architectural masterpiece and one of the largest towers in the world today. To house the company headquarters, the Empire State Building was formally constructed.

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Empire State Building, New York City _©

Torre Reforma, Mexico City, Mexico | Tallest Buildings In The World

Location: Mexico City, Mexico
Architects: Legorreta + Legorreta in collaboration with Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners.
Height:  807 feet (246 m)
Type: Skyscraper
Area: 89657 m²
Completion Year: 2016

The Torre Reforma rises significantly above Paseo de la Reforma in Mexico City, , giving the impression that a perfectly cut diamond has been planted there.

Torre Reforma, a four-sided triangular, abruptly slopes downward from its highest point, a dramatic 46-meter-sloped roof connecting two concrete curtain walls to a glass curtain. The prism-shaped tower, which draws inspiration from colonial Mexican architecture but is strongly rooted in contemporary design, is covered on two sides by a tiled facade of concrete panels and on the third by the glass and a steel diagrid.

The building’s front performs a practical purpose in addition to being an experiment in flamboyant design, shielding it from the harsh Mexican sun while enabling light to enter the tower without altering its internal temperate. With hundreds of levels of office space, meeting rooms, an auditorium, a shopping mall, a multi-story fitness centre, bars, restaurants, gardens, and open plazas and terraces, Torre Reforma functions as a vertical village.

The interlocking concrete facade and structural steel diagrid were created to reduce earthquake reverberations and protect individuals within, addressing Mexico City’s seismic dangers.

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Torre Reforma, Mexico City, Mexico_©
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Vedika is an architect who wants to push the boundaries of architecture beyond the realms of Earth in order to discover how outer space designs can help humanity and designs on Earth. She aspires to make her designs powerful enough to convince everyone that space matters. She believes natural materials, detailing, and faultless execution can give structures their own voice. Every day, her passion for design, writing, and knowledge moves her closer to her goal.