From colonising Mars or installing space stations to shaping the smart cities of the future, what do we visualise when we talk about the future of architecture? 

What will the smart cities of the future look like? How areas, present-day being dense will become self-sufficient and energy-neutral? How can we bring in action the advanced technology into the structures of tomorrow? 

A plethora of questions arise when the talk revolves around the future of architecture. 

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Evolving Over Decades: Technology

Architecture is a solution for poverty, land depletion, and overcrowding. While addressing the issues of the human realm, architecture keeps on evolving. The construction industry has undergone drastic changes over a while. 

Tools of architecture are changing every day. Back in the day, just a rough sketch was enough for conceptualization, but today we strive to visualize the design and structural stability of the design via software. Being the provider of the service, an architect aims to communicate over 3D models for better understanding with the clients.

Imagine being able to walk into an unbuilt space that just exists in the memory of software, being able to live the real-time experience, being in proximity, walk-through, and even touch the fabric of materials used. The technology of virtual reality is a massive leap in the advancement of not just design, but also in terms of experiencing one’s project before it comes to life. 3D models can be manipulated, according to the requirement while the project is yet unbuilt. 

Young Minds Shaping Tomorrow

Young minds are striving to address the issues of the urban world by designing complex structures that also fulfill functional requirements. Integration of artificial intelligence, computational programming, and exploring the various design methodologies are used to set the trends of postmodern architecture like smart buildings, space, and energy-efficient construction, sustainable architecture.

Expansion of Team

Digging deeper into the question of the future of architecture, the role of an architect will expand inestimably. The future will unfold complex design incorporating advanced technicalities. To achieve the complexity, collaborating with experts to create sustainable yet advanced structures will be necessary. Environmental experts and anthropologists will be a helping hand in designing the desired city.

Cities of Tomorrowland

A vision for the cities of 2050: Cities of the future will accommodate flying substations all around, floating houses, advanced artificial intelligence, multilayered facades covering the skyscrapers of modern times. 

A glimpse of such a city can be observed in Rotterdam, the city of tomorrow.

“Rotterdam is the city of future.” – Doezen Doepel

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From food to housing, Rotterdam tackles these problems creatively and sustainably.

Architects and designers are not just creating efficient structures but also bringing to life complex designs by using robotics. The intervention of robotics can bridge the gap between the material and digital world.


The theory of modernization arose from the second industrial revolution, with mass production and standardization as the spotlight of architectural design. The third industrial revolution is about robotics and the amalgamation of architecture with computational design. Parametric designs are a way for functional design with aesthetic traits.

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Here the volumetrics of a building are not just limited to cuboids anymore. Parametric architecture expands the scope of the form of the building rejecting the rigid forms. Even some enclosed spaces are designed to give a fluid experience to the occupant. Parametric forms are generated using parameters on software and are based on equations and parameters set by software that control the shapes and site constraints. 

There are several forms of parametricism like organic parametricism, biomimicry

Weapons of Construction

Gradually the construction practice is wrapping around – use of 3D printers and robotic construction is coming though. 

The time of man and robots working together on-site to direct the construction is under the scope of architecture. Present-day, certain parametric designs are solved by equations of 3D printing and this leap in practice will accelerate the duration of construction. 


Rapid population growth is affecting land occupancy on the planet. To overcome the issue of land depletion, the morphology of the future cities will grow vertically. Buildings will be designed efficiently, consuming less space and providing room for institutional, residential, and public services. This approach will create a sustainable and efficient city, running on a smart grid and growing vertically. 

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Energy Efficient Designing

The construction industry contributes heavily to carbon related-energy emissions. According to a report of 2019, the building and construction sector accounted for 38% of carbon-related energy emissions. 

To deal with the rising issue of climate change, buildings are oriented according to the site’s climatic response. Strategies for decarbonization, involvement of materials that respond accordingly to climate change and brings closer to an idea of sustainable settlement. 

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Using more sustainable and conservational materials like bamboo and timber instead of steel and concrete, to slow the rate of climate change is required. Green construction methods for a low carbon pathway will be the point of focus.

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In the end, architecture comes to terms with the situations of the time gradually. Creative minds are thinking of modern and self-sufficient solutions, taking a step towards a sustainable future, curbing the depletion of land, water scarcity, sanitation, and addressing the needs of the urban world. While tackling these real-time issues, architects are exploring the details of complexity and stability. 

Living in the post modern times, we anticipate a futuristic architectural style.


  1. Gliiman. “Futuristic City 3D Model – TurboSquid 1375868.”, 
  2. “Ossip Architectuur Fotografie.”, 
  3. OSSIP. “Ossip Architectuur Fotografie.”, 
  4. Virgile Simon Bertrand. “Virgile Simon Bertrand: Environmental Portraiture, Portrait and Architectural Photography, Hong Kong, China, Asia. | ARCHITECTURAL-PHOTOGRAPHY | ” Virgile Simon Bertrand: Environmental Portraiture, Portrait and Architectural Photography, Hong Kong, China, Asia.,
  5. “Cosmoscube – Architectural Visualization Studio.” Cosmoscube – Architectural Visualization Studio,
  6. “Cosmoscube – Architectural Visualization Studio.” Cosmoscube – Architectural Visualization Studio,
  7. “Cosmoscube – Architectural Visualization Studio.” Cosmoscube – Architectural Visualization Studio,
  8. “Cosmoscube – Architectural Visualization Studio.” Cosmoscube – Architectural Visualization Studio,

Vanshika was born and raised in Delhi. She is an aesthete, loves to explore the field of art, design, architecture, and everything in between. When it comes to writing, she has always been that kid confiding into diaries and penning down her thoughts. She strongly believes in learning and re-learning