Marble and Construction go hand in hand throughout history. The material possesses incredible strength with exceptional aesthetics enough to captivate one’s attention. Because of this, it has been used in art, architecture, and the like over the centuries. 

Famously introduced in Italy, marble stone is known to be high-grade and luxurious material. The popularity of this charming stone is anchored to its roots and history; firstly, it has been proven to stand the test of time and adapt to different styles. Secondly, Italians observed a high-quality control standard and are experts in cutting and carving stones. Lastly, marble is considered unmatched among other stones in terms of durability and beauty. These are a few reasons why it is one of the most sought-after stones in construction practices. However, the delicate Italian marble has proven to be porous and quickly catches stains and hairline cracks. In the present time, it also became more expensive. 

But there is good news! An alternative marble material that still contains the unique characteristics of its Italian counterpart and is more durable and less expensive is available in the market –Indian marble. Here is a list of its different types. 

Makrana Marble

The Makrana marble is named after the town in the Nagaur district, where it can be found. Quarried from marble mines in Rajasthan, India, this elegant type of marble has white base colour accented with black, brown, and grey veins spread around it. It is made of calcite stone, suitable for construction applications; it is highly durable and resistant to extreme weather conditions like heat and rain. Hence making it a good choice for interior or exterior façade design. Available in slabs and tiles of different sizes, it is best applied to flooring and kitchen or bathroom countertops. Since it has a lifespan of 15-20 years from the time of instalment, this marble is highly efficient and economical.

Types of Marble in India - Sheet1
Taj Mahal and its dramatic display of Makrana marble_©Rowan Heuvel
Types of Marble in India - Sheet2
Makrana White Marble Flooring_©Regatta Universal Exports

Ambaji White Marble

Known for its milky white colour, the Ambaji marble is another type of Indian marble available in the market. It has attractive texture and colour splattered like map-like art against a white canvas. It is also durable and easy to maintain. Just like Makrana marble, it is also a good choice for flooring space and is more popularly applied in interior hallways. In addition, its striking aesthetic makes an excellent external wall cladding as well. This marble can last up to a good 15 years. 

Types of Marble in India - Sheet3
Ambaji Superior White Marble Slab_©RK marbles india
Types of Marble in India - Sheet4
White Marble Flooring_©Pinterest

Indian Green Marble.

This type of marble can be quarried in the Rajasthan region of India. Suitable for classic interiors, this material is usually applied to accent a fireplace or a tabletop. Like the types mentioned above of marble, Indian Green Marble is a superior flooring material ideally used in living rooms, bedrooms, kitchens, and galleries to create a dramatic focal point. It has a light and dark shades of colour variations characterized by speckles, dots, waves, and flecks over the surface. It is exported worldwide in various sizes and thicknesses like 10mm, 15mm, 16mm, 18mm, 20mm, 25mm, and above. It also comes in different shades, such as light, dark, and plain green. 

Types of Marble in India - Sheet5
Indian Green Marble_©Adobe Stock
Types of Marble in India - Sheet6
Green Marble Wall Design Intent_©Architonic

Onyx Marble.

Due to its rarity and lustre, the Onyx marble is a desirable stone suited to achieve appealing design intent. It is one of the most luxurious stones formed by black and white parallel bands. This material levitates the overall look of a space as if emanating a sense of grandeur. It can be used as flooring, countertops, and even wall panel accent. Since it is a rare stone and possesses that one-of-a-kind aesthetic element, the price range of onyx stone varies according to the quality of the product and colour occurrence. 

Types of Marble in India - Sheet7
Indian Onyx Marble_©White Marble Kishangarh
Types of Marble in India - Sheet8
Onyx Marble Tile_©Rollza.in.com

Abu Black Marble

The Abu Black is another marble material that displays sophistication and elegance. Its name originated from the quarry station in India that produces black marble with fine white strips scattered on its jet-black canvas. It is also durable since the stone contains calcite content. Abu Black marble is a good choice for indoor or outdoor floorings, marble artefacts, exteriors & interiors of residential & commercial complexes, decorative wall tiles, toilet & bathroom tiles, classical sculptures, monumental architecture, and many more. And since this is a natural stone, one can expect that the pieces used have unique patterns from the rest. 

Types of Marble in India - Sheet9
_Abu Black Marble_©freepik.com
Types of Marble in India - Sheet10
use of black marble flooring in living space_©India TV News

Jaisalmer Stone or Yellow Marble 

Renown as the golden stone, the yellow limestone and sandstone of Jaisalmer are an integral part of the architectonic heritage of western India. This stone contributed to the rich heritage of Jaisalmer city, which was popularly known as ‘The Golden City’ of that time. Since the said marble is abundant in the place, it became a prime material and integrated into most of the structures built in the location, including The Jaisalmer Fort, listed as a world UNESCO heritage site-locally referred to as ‘Sonar Qila’, which is translated as ‘Golden Fort’. The yellow marble is durable and has a longer lifespan without compromising aesthetic value. 

Types of Marble in India - Sheet11
Industrialized Panel Frame Facade_©Stonesize
Jaisalmer Fort Facade_©Josephine Thomas

Indian marble is an excellent alternative to expensive and delicate Italian stones. It has proven to be more durable and provides superior quality and visuals. Also, the former is thicker than the latter, which is softer and develops small hairline cracks over a period. It prioritizes practicality and efficiency, all while cutting expenses for favourable savings. 

References:

The Urban Guide. (2020). Italian Marble or Indian Marble – Which One Do You Choose? – The Urban Guide. [online] Available at: https://www.urbancompany.com/blog/interiors/italian-marble-indian-marble/ [Accessed 9 Nov. 2022].

www.easyrender.com. (n.d.). The Use of Marble in Architecture: Classy Material for the Ages. [online] Available at: https://www.easyrender.com/a/the-use-of-marble-in-architecture-classy-material-for-the-ages [Accessed 9 Nov. 2022].

‌ Costa (2018). Why Italian Marble Is the Finest Marble in The World. [online] Euromarble.com. Available at: https://euromarble.com.au/why-italian-marble-is-the-finest-marble-in-the-world/ [Accessed 9 Nov. 2022].

Livespace.com. (2022). Italian Marble vs Indian Marble: Cost, Benefits, Durability and Which Is Best for You. [online] Available at: https://www.livspace.com/in/magazine/materials-101-difference-indian-marble-italian-marble [Accessed 9 Nov. 2022].

RKmarblesindia.com. (n.d.). [online] Available at: https://www.rkmarblesindia.com/product/makrana-kumari-marble/ [Accessed 9 Nov. 2022].

IVETT & REED: QUALITY SET IN STONE. (n.d.). INDIAN GREEN. [online] Available at: https://www.ivettandreed.co.uk/samples/marble-samples/indian-green/ [Accessed 9 Nov. 2022].

R.K. MARBLES INDIA. (n.d.). onyx Marble: onyx stone Supplier, Onyx marble at lowest price. [online] Available at: https://www.rkmarblesindia.com/onyx-stone/ [Accessed 9 Nov. 2022].

Ansiindia.com. (2022). [online] Available at: http://www.ansiindia.com/stone_details/abu-black-marble [Accessed 9 Nov. 2022].

Parminder, K., Gurmeet, K., Seema, S., Om, B., Kireet, A., Sanchit, G., Amritpaul, S., Rakesh, G.G. and Anuvinder, A. (2019). Jaisalmer Golden Limestone and Sandstone: A Heritage Stone Province from the Desert of Western India. EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts. [online] Available at: https://ui.adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2019EGUGA..21..968K/abstract [Accessed 9 Nov. 2022].

Author

John Victor Gonzaga is a young architect practicing in the Philippines. He is a highly driven and motivated man especially when it comes to his creative pursuits. He enjoys exploring anything related to the abstract arts; few other interests include writing, painting, reading, music and travel.

Write A Comment