Lighting is regarded as one of the most crucial elements in interior design. It offers a multitude of possibilities in terms of application. Professionals utilize light to alter the perceived size and ambiance of a given space. Various lighting techniques elicit distinct emotions within a room.

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Eye-catching pendant fixtures_©Wison Tungthunya

Both the type and placement of lighting hold significant importance in interior design. They work in harmony with the selection of furniture, the presence of natural light, room dimensions, and color choices. When these elements are skillfully combined to achieve optimal lighting, any space can be transformed into a harmonious blend of style and functionality.

In the realm of business, the latest trend revolves around creating work environments that foster collaboration, inspiration, and striking design. Professional designers are actively seeking ways to achieve such an atmosphere by harnessing the potential of lighting to convert workspaces into captivating interiors. Whether it is a residential or corporate setting, they aim to seamlessly integrate function and aesthetics, thereby shaping the space through transformative lighting.

Interior designers have a variety of techniques at their disposal when it comes to using lighting to create ambiance, enhance visual comfort, and highlight architectural features. By skillfully employing lighting design principles, they can transform a space and evoke specific moods or atmospheres. Interior designers understand the impact that lighting has on the overall atmosphere of a space. They carefully select lighting fixtures, considering their design, placement, and light output, to establish the desired mood. 

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Ambient Lighting_©LuxDeco

Chandeliers or pendant lights with warm-toned bulbs can create an elegant and inviting ambiance in a dining room or a hotel lobby. Wall sconces or table lamps with soft, diffused lighting can evoke a cozy and relaxing atmosphere in a living room or bedroom. Colored LED lighting can be used to create a vibrant and energetic ambiance in entertainment venues or retail stores.

Visual comfort is essential in lighting design to ensure that occupants feel at ease in a space and can perform tasks comfortably. Interior designers employ the following strategies to enhance visual comfort:

Providing adequate lighting levels: They calculate the appropriate amount of light needed for different activities and ensure uniform distribution throughout the space.

Minimizing glare: Designers utilize glare-reducing techniques such as shielding light sources, using diffusers, or incorporating indirect lighting to prevent direct glare and harsh shadows.

Controlling light color and temperature: They consider the color rendering index (CRI) and color temperature of light sources to ensure accurate color representation and to create a visually pleasing environment.

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Light as a Design Statement_©David Svensson

Interior designers use lighting as a tool to emphasize and showcase the architectural features of a space. By directing light onto specific elements, they create focal points and enhance visual interest. Techniques for highlighting architectural features include:

Accent lighting: Designers employ adjustable spotlights, track lighting, or wall washers to illuminate artworks, sculptures, or architectural details such as columns or textured walls.

Grazing or wall washing: This technique involves placing lights close to the wall to create a grazing effect, emphasizing textures or patterns, or washing the wall with light to enhance its visual impact.

Silhouetting: By placing a light source behind an object or architectural feature, designers can create a dramatic silhouette effect, drawing attention to the shape and outline.

Emerging Trends and Best Practices in Lighting Design include Energy Efficiency and Sustainability, Smart Lighting, and Automation, Layered Lighting, Human-Centric Lighting, and Lighting as an Architectural Element.

Interior designers are increasingly prioritizing energy-efficient lighting solutions. LED lighting has become a popular choice due to its long lifespan, low energy consumption, and versatility in terms of color options. They also consider eco-friendly materials and fixtures, such as recycled or recyclable components.

The integration of smart lighting systems is gaining traction. Designers utilize advanced control systems and automation to adjust lighting levels, color temperature, and even the direction of light. This enables customized lighting scenarios, energy optimization, and the ability to create dynamic lighting effects.

Layered lighting design involves combining different types of lighting to create depth and flexibility. Designers integrate ambient, task, and accent lighting to cater to various activities and moods. This technique adds dimension to the space and allows for different lighting scenes and settings.

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Uplighting_©Alcon Lighting

Designers are incorporating human-centric lighting principles, considering the impact of light on human well-being and circadian rhythm. They use tunable white lighting systems that allow for adjusting the color temperature of light throughout the day, simulating natural daylight and enhancing occupant comfort and productivity.

Interior designers are treating lighting as an integral part of the architecture itself. They integrate lighting fixtures seamlessly into architectural elements, such as recessed lights in ceilings or hidden lighting within wall cavities. This approach creates a cohesive and harmonious design.

In the realm of interior design, lighting serves as a primary tool for manipulating the ambiance of a room. Designers employ lighting techniques to tailor working and living environments to their client’s specific needs and preferences.

When it comes to office spaces, designers face the task of creating an environment that fosters focus and productivity. Achieving the right lighting is crucial in this endeavor. Designers must consider a multitude of factors to ensure that the interior space is adequately illuminated, promoting the desired atmosphere, mood, and functionality.

Contemporary accent lighting for a stairway_©Decorilla

Both artificial and natural lighting plays a significant role in how individuals perceive and experience space, affecting them both physically and psychologically. Professional designers recognize the value and utility of lighting as they strive to transform any given space to align with client requirements.

Harnessing their productivity, creativity, and expertise, designers utilize lighting to establish inviting, productive, and serene interior atmospheres that reflect the intended mood of the space. They leverage cutting-edge technological solutions, such as energy-efficient and high-quality luminaries, to create comprehensive lighting solutions that complement the elements of the space at hand.

Whether it pertains to a working or living environment, designers employ various types, styles, and elements of lighting to generate optical and visual illusions, ultimately altering the mood and shaping the entire space. It can be concluded that lighting stands as an indispensable element of interior design, capable of effectively communicating different aspects and moods of space, breathing new life into it.

References List- 

  1. The importance of lighting in interior design (no date) John Cullen Lighting. Available at: (Accessed: 17 June 2023).
  2. What is the importance of lighting in interior designing? (no date) Importance of Lighting in Interior Designing | Interior Lighting. Available at: (Accessed: 17 June 2023).
  3. HomeLane (no date) Interior lights 101: Know everything about lights, HomeLane. Available at: (Accessed: 17 June 2023).
  4. Interior lighting design – how to light your home (1970) GE Lighting. Available at: (Accessed: 17 June 2023).
  5. Light as an element of interior design and how they transform space (no date) Light as an Element of Interior Design and How They Transform Space. Available at: (Accessed: 17 June 2023).

Image List- 

  1. Tungthunya, W. (2022) Light as a Design Statement: Creative Ways to Use Artificial Lighting, ArchDaily. Available at: (Accessed: 18 June 2023).
  2. LuxDeco (no date) The Ultimate Luxury Interior Lighting Guide, Lux Deco. Available at:,format&w=1200&q=85&rect=0,0,1124,1459 (Accessed: 18 June 2023).
  3. Svensson, D. (2022) Light as a Design Statement: Creative Ways to Use Artificial Lighting, ArchDaily. Available at: (Accessed: 18 June 2023).
  4. Alcon Lighting (2022) Uplighting, ArchDaily. Available at: (Accessed: 18 June 2023).
  5. Accent Lighting (2021) Decorilla. Available at: (Accessed: 18 June 2023).

Ayush Tapdiya, a Pune-based Architect, currently works on Large-scale Architectural Projects. He finds pleasure in delving into ideas and theories on a wide range of subjects, and particularly relishes engaging in conversations with individuals holding diverse viewpoints. His enthusiasm & optimism fuels everyone around him. He's a goal-oriented person who thrives on challenges and constantly seeks to improve himself.