Library provides resources and services for Education, Information, Research, and Personality development to the users. The well-designed library includes spaces and places that encourage activities, with desired furnishings, special equipment, and modern technology. The ambiance cheers the mood, character, quality, tone, and atmosphere of the library. For years, Library design has evolved from just a warehouse of books to a contemporary space for users. 

Some of the creative library designs everyone should know about are:

1. Tainan Public Library, Taiwan | Library Design

This Taiwanese library, inspired by the local region’s vernacular development and also represents the city’s cultural heritage.

The cantilevers are supported by slender columns in rhythmically placed quartets, giving the impression of weaving across a modern bamboo forest. Vertical aluminum panels with carved floral designs circle the building’s striking crown and are similar to the old town’s decorative latticed windows.

Tainan Public Library, Taiwan Sheet1
Tainan Public Library, Taiwan_© Ethan Lee
Tainan Public Library, Taiwan Sheet2
Tainan Public Library, Taiwan_© Ethan Lee
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Tainan Public Library, Taiwan_© Ethan Lee

2. Nasushiobara City Library, Japan

The library’s layout encourages new insights and learning. The first floor is a vibrant, approachable area with many intertwining nuances. The stacks on the second floor are a great place to get lost in reading.

Key features of this library are forest pockets, radiating bookshelves, and the leaf line.

Nasushiobara City Library, Japan Sheet1
Nasushiobara City Library, Japan_© Daici Ano
Nasushiobara City Library, Japan Sheet2
Nasushiobara City Library, Japan_© Daici Ano
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Nasushiobara City Library, Japan_© Daici Ano

3. Santa Cruz Library, Brazil | Library Design

The main library room is on the second floor, maintained and suspended above the ground, and is designed as a series of squares that allow different events. Steel profile and slabs make up the superstructure, surrounded by prefabricated concrete frames, aluminum, and glass joinery closures.

Santa Cruz Library, Brazil sheet1
Santa Cruz Library, Brazil_© andre scarpa
Santa Cruz Library, Brazil sheet2
Santa Cruz Library, Brazil_© andre scarpa
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Santa Cruz Library, Brazil_© andre scarpa

4. Public Library Dornbirn, Austria

The three-story ovoid-shaped pavilion will hold up to 100,000 books and magazines. A lattice of prefabricated ceramic elements is mounted on a steel frame at a distance of 70 cm from the glazed façade. The light reflected through these lattice windows at night creates an open view of the park and area.

Public Library Dornbirn, Austria Sheet1
Public Library Dornbirn, Austria_© aldo amoretti
Public Library Dornbirn, Austria Sheet2
Public Library Dornbirn, Austria_© aldo amoretti
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Public Library Dornbirn, Austria_© aldo amoretti

5. Billie Jean King Main Library, USA | Library Design

More than 300,000 manuscripts, including rare texts from the 15th century, are housed on two floors of the library’s shelves. Makerspaces with video editing, 3-D printing, and robotics capabilities in the facility. 

Over the course of a day, the library turns into a space that hosts conferences, social meetings, exhibitions, and public activities. With vast sightlines and gentle light permeating the surrounding reading spaces, studios, and book stacks.

Billie Jean King Main Library, USA Sheet1
Billie Jean King Main Library, USA_© benny chan
Billie Jean King Main Library, USA Sheet2
Billie Jean King Main Library, USA_© benny chan
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Billie Jean King Main Library, USA_© benny chan

6. Tonami Public Library, Japan

Designers devised the idea of an “open-plan library under a large roof” overlooking the city’s main thoroughfare. The interior is one continuous room that emerges from the large roof’s inverting roll. 

Two stairwells lead to the upper level, connected by a constant void which allows the view of coated expanded images of tulips and a mosaic-like red carpet from the second floor. The west side of the building is exposed to the ground, allowing passers-by to see the interior from below.

Tonami Public Library, Japan Sheet1
Tonami Public Library, Japan_© Koji Horiuch
Tonami Public Library, Japan Sheet2
Tonami Public Library, Japan_© Koji Horiuch
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Tonami Public Library, Japan_© Koji Horiuch

7. Luxembourg National Library, Luxembourg

Energy conservation, prioritized in the planning process. with the help of technical installations falling behind the activation of the building’s thermal mass to create a balanced interior environment. Photovoltaic panels and geothermal heat pumps are located under the base plate and on the roof.

A bastion-like wrapping of stone-filled Gabion cages surrounds the archive plateau.

Luxembourg National Library, Luxembourg Sheet1
Luxembourg National Library, Luxembourg_© Christian Richters
Luxembourg National Library, Luxembourg Sheet2
Luxembourg National Library, Luxembourg_© Christian Richters
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Luxembourg National Library, Luxembourg_© Christian Richters

8. Samling Library, Norway

The structure is small, with an open atrium in the middle. From this central point, the building’s architecture is defined by radial geometry.

The façades are clad in vertical wooden slats with timber batten cladding. The horizontal bands of slats wrap across the entire house, giving the structure a depth effect. The public spaces’ vast glass surfaces provide a seamless skin between the interior and exterior, enhancing the tactile bond between the two. Wood, an environmentally sustainable material, is used for almost all construction components.

Samling Library, Norway Sheet1
Samling Library, Norway_© Sindre Ellingsen
Samling Library, Norway Sheet2
Samling Library, Norway_© Sindre Ellingsen
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Samling Library, Norway_© Sindre Ellingsen

9. Whitehall Library, USA

The outer facades, made up of a collection of rectangular metal panels and glass storefronts, with the public spaces to the north having more openness and the staff spaces and conference rooms to the south with fewer. The terracotta cladding in the welcoming zone extends from the exterior to the inside, and the ceiling switches to a wood screen with integrated lighting. 

With warped walls with exposed concrete steel columns, the public room extends vertically. The raised volumes include views of the meadow grass habitat that extends outward from the building lines.

Whitehall Library, USA Sheet1
Whitehall Library, USA_© Brad Feinknopf
Whitehall Library, USA Sheet2
Whitehall Library, USA_© Brad Feinknopf
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Whitehall Library, USA_© Brad Feinknopf

10. Public Library Vallecas, Spain | Library Design

The spaces are formed in four layers, each with a different application. The façade remains closed in the lower part and entirely glassed in the upper part to achieve sufficient natural lighting and library Built with Hermetic solid with six circular courtyards that absorb natural light and serve as open-air reading areas. 

The architect claims that the structure gets its personality from materials, ignoring composition requirements and that as we get closer to it, the obscurity fades the building opens up to people’s circulation.

Public Library Vallecas, Spain Sheet1
Public Library Vallecas, Spain_© Miguel de Guzmán
Public Library Vallecas, Spain Sheet2
Public Library Vallecas, Spain_© Miguel de Guzmán
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Public Library Vallecas, Spain_© Miguel de Guzmán

11. Kirkkonummi Library, Finland

The main reading hall’s design is composed primarily of a rhythmic pattern of fair-faced concrete posts and beams. Natural light streams in through this column-like structure, forming shapes that resemble sunshine rippling through a forest of trees. The chromatic harmony of the building’s interiors, influenced by the local coastal region.

Kirkkonummi Library, Finland Sheet1
Kirkkonummi Library, Finland_© Tuomas Uusheimo
Kirkkonummi Library, Finland Sheet2
Kirkkonummi Library, Finland_© Tuomas Uusheimo
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Kirkkonummi Library, Finland_© Pauliina Salonen

12. Deichman Library, Norway

The structure, hanging from the roof above, cantilevers out above its footprint. From each of the building’s entrances, three ‘light shafts’ cut into the structure, providing views through various parts of the library. Three freestanding book towers organize enclosed spaces and niches, allowing sunshine to pour in from all directions and freeing the facades.

The facade incorporates a high level of insulation and even daylight delivery. The interior’s diffused glass softens the effect of the closed panels, resulting in a soft, even glow.

Deichman Library, Norway Sheet1
Deichman Library, Norway_© Einar Aslaksen
Deichman Library, Norway Sheet2
Deichman Library, Norway_© Einar Aslaksen
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Deichman Library, Norway_© Einar Aslaksen

13. Ningbo New Library, China

The ground floor is physically accessible in both directions, leading to a public plaza outside and in a landscaped natural park and pool. The scenery serves as a meditation and mindfulness retreat, allowing people to unwind and relax while disconnecting from their hectic daily lives.

Ningbo New Library, China Sheet1
Ningbo New Library, China_© adam mork
Ningbo New Library, China Sheet2
Ningbo New Library, China_© adam mork
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Ningbo New Library, China_© adam mork

14. City Library Het Predikheren, Belgium

The arrangement of the house is straightforward, with an outer ring of large multifunctional spaces, an inner ring (the cloister), the courtyard, the attic, and the church. In the inner loop, on the first floor, is the old monastic library. 

The entrance space, café, and restaurant are all located on the first floor. Architects used dormer windows and skylights for more natural light and improved views.

City Library Het Predikheren, Belgium Sheet2
City Library Het Predikheren, Belgium_© adam mork
City Library Het Predikheren, Belgium Sheet1
City Library Het Predikheren, Belgium_© karin bourghot
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City Library Het Predikheren, Belgium_© adam mork

15. Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh, USA | Library Design

This 1962 library gets renovated with updated architecture allowing for better views of the street and more natural light inside. Limited daylight-filled additions at the front and side of the original house enhance the interior scheme. LED light fixtures and a variable refrigerant flow heating and cooling system are among the environmentally friendly construction elements.

Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh, USA Sheet1
Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh, USA_© ed massery
Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh, USA Sheet2
Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh, USA_© ed massery
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Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh, USA_© ed massery
Author

Sohaib Mirza is an architecture undergraduate who loves to learn new things connected to architecture and design world. He has keen interest in expressing his views through his words. He is invested in knowing creativity around the world.

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