The climate responsive design refers to the architecture that reflects the particular region-specific weather conditions of the peculiar area. It uses data of weather patterns and factors like sun, wind, rainfall, and humidity. The building structure is built according to the same.
1. SELGASCANO STUDIO
ARCHITECTS: JOSÉ SELGAS AND LUCÍA CANO, MADRID (SPAIN)
The studio’s main motive was to work under the trees. In the north direction, they placed their transparent part to avoid the direct sunlight in their working areas, and in the rest direction they covered it with the plastic membrane that is taken from a list of components of a train car and the Northside glass is a transparent Plexiglas plate.
2. CHESA FUTURA
ARCHITECT: NORMAN FOSTER, SANKT MORITZ (SWITZERLAND)
“Chesa future” means house of the future. The structure is made by merging the latest technology with traditional construction techniques of that particular region of a Swiss mountain.
This three-story apartment building is in the shape of the bubble. The whole building’s exterior is made of local wood larch. This will last for a century without maintenance.
According to the climate of that area, the facade is open to allow light to enter, and the Northside is close to save energy.
3. PAPERTAINER MUSEUM
ARCHITECT: SHIGERU BAN, SEOUL (SOUTH KOREA)
This papertainer museum is the best example of innovation combined with very simple materials. This building is a temporary installation that was created to celebrate the anniversary of the Korean publication design house. Its shape is something that is built with 166 cargo containers and 555 paper tubes and is about 10 meters high. It is a portable and climate-responsive structure. The whole structure can be disassembled and transported to other cities.
4. ECOBULEVAR DE VALLECAS
ARCHITECTS: URBAN ECOSYSTEM, MADRID (SPAIN)
The structure of Eco Bulevar is made from recycled materials and plants. The cylinder-shaped building portrays a mimic greenhouse system that lowers the temperature by up to 10 degrees. This climate-responsive structure is portable so can be exported to other locations with similar climate and can be installed there, or at other places that require reactivation of their activities. It has become a gathering place for the neighboring population.
5. CAIXAFORUM VERTICAL GARDEN
CREATOR: PATRICK BLANC, MADRID (SPAIN)
This cultural center was created by landscaper Patrik Blanc that is located in the Paseo del Prado of Madrid. This building is 24 meters high with the wall of a high vertical garden that has 15000 plants of 250 different species. This is spread over 460 square meters of green wall over which plants grow without Earth but with water and nutrients. This climate-responsive structure creates the indoor and outer around the building a thermal comfort place to move around.
6. THE GARDEN THAT CLIMBS THE STAIRS
ARCHITECT: BALMORI ASSOCIATES, BILBAO (SPAIN) NEW FOUNTAIN CHAPEL.
This garden was designed by landscape architect Diana Balmori in an international competition of urban gardens. The design is such that in spite of designing at the foot of the stairs, Balmori design the garden on the steps rather than taking on the flat ground so that whole stairs are like not just the transitional space for the people but also a ground to stop for “passers-by” to stop there and feel the space.
7. NEW FOUNTAIN CHAPEL
ARCHITECTS: ALEJANDRO DUMAY, NICOLÁS FONES, FRANCISCO VERGARA, LAKE RUPANCO (CHILE)
The design at the shore of lake Rupanco is a 20 square meter built with a low-cost material with easy installation. Its volume is combining as a whole without making partitions or distinctions of its elements of the structure. All the elements of the chapel, walls, ceiling, and the opening, form a whole unit with a pine covering over the ceiling. This is a simple yet beautiful example of a climate-responsive environmentally friendly architecture.
8. LEGO GREENHOUSE
ARCHITECT: SEBASTIAN BERGEN, (LONDON)
This structure’s roof is installed with a sloping roof and by 1 lakh pieces of Lego. The interior plants referred to the market’s past as a business center for the garden industry. This greenhouse structure design by architect Sebastian Bergne is in the garden market built in 2011.
9. THE BARONY HOUSE
ARCHITECTS: DRN ARCHITECTS, QUINTERO (CHILE)
Due to extreme humidity and salt air, the Barony House with an idyllic plan was created on the Chilean Pacific coast. To build a climate-responsive structure, they chose glass and weathering Steel dominated exterior and by warm wood sheathed in the exterior. This building offers a view of the sea through a window from the bedroom.
10. BIP COMPUTERS
ARCHITECT: ALBERTO MOZO, PROVIDENCIA (CHILE)
This three-story office building is a reuse structure of two existing houses from 1939.this current structure is built of wood and uses thermal insulation to reduce heat loss through the glass in winter. Only pine wood from the renewable forest is encouraged in the structure.
11. PRAIRIE HOUSE, ILLINOIS
ARCHITECT: ORAMBRA [THE OFFICE FOR ROBOTIC ARCHITECTURAL MEDIA & THE BUREAU FOR RESPONSIVE ARCHITECTURE]
This structure is a result of new tensegrity systems and cladding technologies.
This responsive building acts to the climate in such a way that its color of the interior membrane of the building gets lighter on the summer warm days and darker in the colder days. This is due to the use of thermo or photochromatic links. This structure deals best with the carbon emission and makes the building aesthetically beautiful.
12. FUTURE VENICE
ARCHITECT: RACHEL ARMSTRONG
As a part of the future Venice project, the proposal by architect Rachel Armstrong who is also the leading figure in synthetic biology that protocols could be used to grow an artificial limestone reef which can lead to the foundation of Venice. This proposal of “living technology “can be a huge change in the approach of sustainable architecture in the coming years.
13. THE HYGROSKIN METEOROSENSITIVE PAVILION
TEAM: PROFESSOR ACHIM MEGES
This is a new form of climate-responsive architecture recently launched by the team at the University of Stuttgart. This responsive based architecture uses the basic material like the word to allow simple dynamic menu pollution of buildings humidity. This hydra skin requires an additional source of energy for or control. This is the natural property of wood (elasticity), to adjust the movement of apertures.
14. RADIANT SOIL
ARCHITECT: PHILIP BEESLEY
This is a suspended plant lake structure by architect Philip Beesley which he presented at Espace EDF in Paris. This structure is made from biometric components of polymer, metal, and glass. It reacts to the viewers as their approach towards the structure. This is a carbon capture metabolism.
15. ABU DHABI CENTRAL MARKET
ARCHITECT: FOSTER + PARTNERS
The three public squares in the Abu Dhabi central market are in the dynamic grid which reacts best to levels of sunlight, the kinetic design of the roof shading resembles a traditional coffered Islamic roof. This climatic responsive design is also an attractive element in the Abu Dhabi central market.
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