New Zealand is a metropolitan island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean, which includes two head landmasses of the North Island and the South Island. The architecture of New Zealand, as in some different countries, is astoundingly unique and is affected by various social orders, and fantastically conveys European styles and Polynesian styles. Most of the early architecture contained carvings featuring human figures, all around with three fingers and either a trademark-looking, unmistakable head or a strange head. Surface examples comprising twistings, edges, scores, and fish scales embellish most carvings. 

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MAORI MEETING HOUSE @https://i.pinimg.com/originals/f4/1e/5a/f41e5a7b942a1fdf48949e77fae1e26d.jpg

The structures in NZ recount a special story of migrants from both Polynesia and Europe, going to an odd land and adjusting realized building structures to new conditions and materials. The combination of Polynesian and European engineering is one of the most surprising components of NZ history. Many enduring straightforward pilgrim structures, houses, woolsheds, and other ranch structures, recount the tale of the spearheading days. The foreigners discovered huge, forested islands which had calm yet exceptional factors and now and then outrageous environments. 

The normal style for the milestone architecture of New Zealand is the utilization of dark basalt squares and looking of cream-hued Oamaru stone, a type of limestone mined at Weston in North Otago. The seismic tremor or earthquake of 1931 had made incredible harm to the NZ architecture, including the structures of Napier and Christ Church. 

The early structures in NZ were the modest cabins of the primary Polynesians. During European contact, the Maori (a local community of NZ) had advanced a specific structure type, the meeting house, which is the lone structure exceptional in NZ. The structure was a straightforward, peak finished construction with an open yard toward one side, yet it was a structure coordinated into its setting. By the middle of the nineteenth century, the meeting houses were exceptionally cut for the most part. These wherein, or meeting houses, assume a part in local area life dissimilar to the pretended by some other European – inferred structures, even places of worship. 

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ST. MARY BASILICA @ https://nzcatholic.org.nz/wp-content/uploads/2017/03/14-St-Marys-Basilica-800×600.jpg

New Zealand’s first European architects started to practice in the early Victorian time frame. Maybe then being viewed as replicating better British structures and “falling” because they didn’t grow an unmistakable NZ style rapidly, NZ’s architects of the nineteenth and first half of the twentieth century are better seen as working inside as engineering custom that spread over the world and as creating outstanding structures inside that practice. 

Without a doubt, the most striking designs of NZ are – Old St. Paul Church, Public Trust Building, New Brighton Library, Queen Elizabeth II Army Memorial Museum, Sarjeant Art Gallery, Wellington Cathedral of St. Paul, Christchurch Railway Station, Christchurch Townhall, Trevor Griffiths Rose Garden, National Aquarium of New Zealand, and so on. 

The traditional architecture of New Zealand is amazingly formal; by and large, it consented to laws, utilized symmetry, which means balance, and used degree, which means holding shapes to explicit examples. The golden mean was a standard that said, if you are making a room or something, it will work best if you generally make the more drawn-outside 1.6 times than the more limited side. Afterwards, individuals in western Europe in the Middle Ages made Romanesque architecture, then Gothic architecture. Gothic constructions have tall, pointed windows and curves. 

Modernism, which began as ahead of schedule as 1890, has brought about some amazing structures, such as the Chrysler structures in New York, yet in addition some horrendous structures. The old laws have been neglected, or overlooked, as architects have become keener on accomplishing something ‘unique’. 

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CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE OF NZ @ https://images.adsttc.com/media/images/532b/24ae/c07a/803b/4200/003d/newsletter/_SG18531.jpg?1395336298

By and large, New Zealand has imported structure styles from abroad and set homes to the side like ‘objects’ in the scene, consistently with little relationship to the overall environment, the circumstance of the sun for the length of the day. Be that as it may, today, various building styles around the nation mirror the contrasting settings wherein we live. Contemporary structures in NZ are more influenced by geography, climate, and monetary factors, similar to whether it’s a very sturdy home or a retreat, arranged in a city or the wilds, close by the local individual tendencies.

For instance, in northern NZ, where the climate is, for the most part, hotter and less tempestuous, additional time can be spent living outside. Therefore, local architecture reacts to this from various perspectives with gentler, more normal, and layered materials joined with living spaces that open to the outside. Though, in the Wellington region, weatherproof itemizing for houses based on steep, thin locales can drive certain methods of making building structures, which might cause them to seem cut, bitsier, or more separated. What’s more, there is a solid adherence to a feeling of custom in Canterbury, regardless of whether communicated in a cutting edge way. 

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TE REWA REWA BRIDGE @ https://i.pinimg.com/originals/e8/20/99/e82099aba66a6850f9dd7bf89a75b696.jpg

Considering the present, the pitched rooftop structure is the most widely recognized in NZ, as it is profoundly functional and a prudent method of shielding individuals. They are pitched at different focuses depending on the climate and the geography of the scene. The buildings in NZ are observed to be in a container structure, with four dividers, a story, and a roof – all at 90°. 

Inside NZ’s shifted surroundings, some contemporary homes or buildings intend to make wonderful cooperative energy with their encompassing scene by mirroring the subtleties of the area. The houses are by and large layered from numerous points of view – evenly, in an upward direction, and physically – to relate the structures to their specific situation. A fell or ousted structure is where the housetop and divider can be considered as one surface that is cut, shaped, or imploded to describe spaces and make the design, similarly as letting loose the home to sees and giving security.

FUTURE ARCHITECTURE OF NZ @ https://images.adsttc.com/media/images/5f68/6fc4/63c0/17b3/2900/0056/newsletter/The_Pacifica_Featured_Image_StabStudio.jpg?1600679863

Alongside the world, NZ architecture has made some amazing progress down the path. With the headway in innovation and technology, the world as is NZ architecture is inclining towards modern design, having virtual reality, augmented reality, green and sustainable designs, and so forth as its primary spine. New Zealand has consistently astounded the world with its architecture and has set numerous benchmarks for the design world, and it will keep on doing as such. It will develop further with the future and will build up as an exemplification for architecture.

References

  • Wikipedia. (2021). Architecture of New Zealand. [online] Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Architecture_of_New_Zealand [Accessed 22 Sep. 2021].
  • ‌Wikipedia Contributors (2019). New Zealand. [online] Wikipedia. Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Zealand.
  • ‌rachelletriste (2011). Architecture of new zealand. [online] Slideshare.net. Available at: https://www.slideshare.net/rachelletriste/architecture-of-new-zealand.
  • ‌shivujagga (2010). culture and heritage-Australia and New zealand. [online] Available at: https://www.slideshare.net/shivujagga/culture-and-heritageaustralia-and-new-zealand?qid=c13debda-8cb3-47f6-992f-cfa320c07d40&v=&b=&from_search=4 [Accessed 22 Sep. 2021].
  • ‌archipro.co.nz. (n.d.). Contemporary House Styles of New Zealand – Architecture NZ. [online] Available at: https://archipro.co.nz/articles/architecture/contemporary-house-styles-of-new-zealand-parsonson-architects [Accessed 22 Sep. 2021].
Author

Lipika Pandey, is one of the millions of young aspiring architecture students, who is determined to make her successful career in the respective field. She wants to bring a positive change in the society. She is focused and enthusiast on learning new skills and grow. She loves reading and writing.

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