16. Jean Nouvel:
Jean Nouvel is a French architect. Nouvel studied at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris and was a founding member of Mars 1976 and Syndicat de l’Architecture.
Born: 12 August 1945 (age 72), Fumel, France
Education: École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts (1966–1972)
Books: The Singular Objects of Architecture, MORE
Awards: Pritzker Architecture Prize, Aga Khan Award for Architecture, Royal Gold Medal, Wolf Prize in Arts
17. Buckminster Fuller:
Richard Buckminster “Bucky” Fuller was an American architect, systems theorist, author, designer, and inventor. Fuller published more than 30 books, coining or popularizing terms such as “Spaceship Earth”, ephemeralization, and synergetic.
Born: 12 July 1895, Milton, Massachusetts, United States
Died: 1 July 1983, Los Angeles, California, United States
Structures: Dymaxion house, MORE
Awards: Royal Gold Medal, AIA Gold Medal, Presidential Medal of Freedom, St. Louis Literary Award
18. Louis Sullivan:
Louis Henry Sullivan was an American architect, and has been called the “father of skyscrapers” and “father of modernism”.
Born: 3 September 1856, Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Died: 14 April 1924, Chicago, Illinois, United States
Spouse: Mary Azona Hattabaugh (m. ?–1924)
Books: The autobiography of an idea, MORE
19. César Pelli:
César Pelli, founder of Pelli Clarke Pelli Architects, is an Argentine American architect who has designed some of the world’s tallest buildings and other major urban landmarks.
Born: 12 October 1926 (age 91), San Miguel de Tucumán, Argentina
Books: Observations for young architects, MORE
20. Walter Gropius:
Walter Adolph Georg Gropius was a German architect and founder of the Bauhaus School, who, along with Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Le Corbusier and Frank Lloyd Wright, is widely regarded as one of the pioneering masters of modernist architecture.
Born: 18 May 1883, Berlin, Germany
Died: 5 July 1969, Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Books: The New Architecture and the Bauhaus, MORE
Awards: Royal Gold Medal, AIA Gold Medal, Goethe Prize