Architecture with an Expiry Date

Temporary structures get built to disappear or relocate post fulfillment of the purpose of being build. These structures adapt and mold themselves according to the functional expectations and respond to their placement. The arrangement allows room for testing grounds with no pressure of longevity. The act of non-permanency generates the desire wanting its existence to last a little longer than its destiny.

1. HY-FI: Zero Carbon Emission Compostable Structure.

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Hy-Fi_ ©The Living.

David Benjamin designed Hy-Fi, co-founder of The Living, developed a closed-cycled brick made from a mixture of mycelium, fungi, and waste corn crops. The overall construction and termination of the structure were free of waste and carbon emission.  The model takes an organic form drawing cool air from the porous bottom and releasing hot air out of the model that casts a light effect within its interior.

The temporary structure leaves zero debris post demolition.

2. Cardboard Cathedral, New Zealand.

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Cradboard Cathedral_ ©New Zealand Story.

The Cardboard Cathedral is a temporary civic building by Shigeru Ban that brought hope after the 2011 earthquake swallowed victims in the Christchurch Catholic Cathedral. The 98 cardboard tubes of 20m length and 600 m diameter weighing 120 kg each coated waterproof polyurethane and flame retardants support the A-frame. A light effect creates a holistic ambiance within the religious building.

The temporary structure houses 700 people of Christchurch.

3. Pink Pavilion, Belgium. 

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Pink Pavilion_©Iwaan Baan.

Architecture firm Selgascano, has floated a pink-yellow fluorescent vinyl eye-catching structure in the historic Architecture firm Selgascano has floated a pink-yellow fluorescent vinyl eye-catching structure in the historic edge of a canal in Bruges. The organic structure provides a different lens to its visitor, to view the City. The steel framework holds the flexible plastic into a desiring shape to fit in various locations. The pavilion is a platform for swimmers and sunbathers reviving the liquid City of Bruges.

The undulated form gives the city a spot to celebrate the old City.

4. The Paper Log House, India.

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Paper Log House_ ©Shigeru Ban Architects.

The paper Log House was an emergency structure for the earthquakes that affected locals in Gujarat in 20001. Post natural calamity, a safe house is a basic necessity. The paper log house is raised on a foundation from the rubble of the destroyed structure topped by a beautiful mud floor. The roof is covered with two mats of bamboo and a plastic tarp.

Emergency architecture demands fast assembly and low-cost arrangements.

5. Marmalade Sky Pavilion, Thailand.

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Marmalade Sky Pavilion_ ©Pattrayanond.

The waffle-shaped colored fabric canopy was supported by concrete bases holding steel poles. Post the 4-day event at the Wonder fruit festival, the pavilion vanished; it was flexibly dismantled and reinstalled again to reinstall on children’s day. The 8 x 8 m fabric provided shade to the festival attendees. The structure got erected by all(zones)in collaboration with the Taiyo tent.

The temporary structure was portable and reusable.

6. Community Centre for Hindupara Community

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Hindupara Rohingya Refugee Camp_ ©Rizvi Hassan.

Hindupara is a minority community of Rohingya refugees living in the refugee camp in Kutupalong within Bangladesh. Architect Rizvi Hassan helped to erect a community center using locally cheap materials having vernacular sentiment. Non-treated wood, tarpaulin, and straw, etc, materials that give flexibility and natural growth to the building process.

The temporary structure for refugees is a low-cost, low-energy, and high-speed construction method for emergency architecture.

7. People’s Pavilion Biennale, Kochi.

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People’s Pavilion_ ©Kochi Biennale Foundation.

The semi-transparent pavilion accommodates 420 people to serve as an auditorium for performances at the Kochi-Muziris-Biennale at Cabral yard. Anagram architects constructed the pavilion. The structure is partially opaque and transparent to behave as an inclusive structure for the people to participate without hesitation.

The structure allows being entirely dismantled and reused.

8. Burning Man Festival, Nevada.

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Burning Men_ ©Jonathan Clark.

The Burning Man is an annual event occurring in the Black Rock Desert in Nevada, a temporary community to create a Black Rock City. It is a movement where the city exists for nine days following a theme, and the man gets burned to ashes. The city is visited by people, to express art through various means until everything disappears.

The temporary city in existence turns into non-existence.

9. Min Tu Won School, Thailand.

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Min Tu Won School_ ©Juan Cuevas.

Min Tu Won school is a community school of Burmese refugees and migrants situated near the Thai-Burma border. A veiled bamboo skin guards the school edifice against sunlight and regulating flow within the volumes of the school.

The structure is evolving and adapting with the growth and development of the upgrading school.

10. Wishing Pavilion.

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Wishing Pavilion_ ©Daydreamers Design.

The geometric flamed pavilion created by Daydreamers Design pays homage to the traditional brick burning tower. Total 5000 colored high-density polyethylene recycled bricks in double helix contain Led lights to have a rich effect of the flaming Tower during the dark.

The structure got commissioned by the leisure and cultural services department.


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  2. (2012). Temporary Architecture and architecture for the temporary. Future landscapes. Available at : [Accessed 17th October 2021].
  3. Plasencia, M. (2014). David Benjamin’s HY-FI bio-degradable Tower. Inmatteria. Available at : [Accessed 17th October 2021].
  4. Barrie, A. (2014). Cardboard Cathedral by Shigeru Ban in Christchurch, New Zealand. The architecture review. . Available at: [Accessed 17th October 2021].
  5. IFAI (2018). Pink Pavilion floats in Belgium. Fabric architecture. Available at : [Accessed 17th October 2021].
  6. Madsen, D and wood, H. (2014). Paper log house India. Architects magazine.Available at: [Accessed 17th October 2021].
  7. Marmalade Sky. All zone design all. Available at : [Accessed 17th October 2021].
  8. (2020). Architect Rizvi Hassan designs Bangladesh community centre for Myanmmer refugee to foster integration with locals. De51gn Available at :,located%20in%20Bangladesh’s%20Cox’s%20Bazaar. [Accessed 17th October 2021].
  9. Min Tu Won School / Orbe Architecture + Estudio Cavernas + INDA + WE Wattanachote + Lasavanich. Architecture Design School .Available at : [Accessed 17th October 2021].
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Nikita believes in constantly feeding all her curiosity by learning, unlearning and relearning. Being deeply passionate about trying things first hand, nothing thrills her more than adventures and new experiences refusing to missing out things in life. When in her me time she enjoys reading fictions and expresses through poems.

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