The striking of a sudden pandemic, COVID’19, retraced all the footsteps back to one’s home. Staying inside an enclosed space was termed as being quarantined. The footsteps away from home varied city to city and country to country and retracing back would mean covering a very large area geographically whose safety can be only provided through isolation in what is called quarantine centers now. Many hospitals, hotels, etc. were converted into quarantine centers initially but the number of existing facilities was not sufficient to cater this huge a mass of the population, hence, communities of people, designers, architects, and many more put on their innovative hats and implemented temporary quarantine facilities to give ease in this outrage.
1. Sai Kung Outdoor Recreation Centre, Hong Kong
Designed and implemented by LWK & Partners, the facility comprises three blocks each being three-storeyed. The construction took seventy-seven days to complete and get functional from scratch and is a module equipped with advanced technology. The concept revolves around the system of factory assembly and on-site installation which makes it easy to transport and construct. These are reusable modules that make it sustainable for the future and henceforth.
2. Emergency Quarantine Facility
Due to a shortage of quarantine facility centers, WTA built sixty such centers inspired by the design of one of its pavilions called the Boysen Pavilion from the Anthology Festival. The design follows the code of embodied speed, scalability, and simplicity throughout the structure. The facility is a 6mx26m rectilinear space consisting of fifteen beds, two toilets, one shower, a testing box, and disinfecting areas. The execution is ideal to cater to short term relief spaces and is made of timber and plastic sheets which makes it easy to replicate at any part of the world.
Jupe is the first standalone intensive care unit discovered by Jeff Wilson and Cameron Blizzard to reduce the pressure of the hospitals in the States. The unit can be folded flat-packed, fully-deployable structure which can be transported to any hospital in need within seconds. It is a light-weighted unit which makes it easier to transport through any form of transport in both urban and rural areas of the US. Apart from providing spaces for the patients, the Jupe also caters to the needs of the profession in charge of the provision of beds and other facilities.
Adapta is a spatial protocol algorithm that has been designed keeping in mind the technology, responsibility, and creativity combined. The workability is through putting numbers which would tell you the exact provisions that it would implement. For example, in 1500 sqm. The plot would provide 200 patient beds, 27 sleeping pods for medical staff, several care units, toilets, and so on.
5. Floating CoronaVirus Hospitals
Proposed by Weston Williamson+ Partners, container ships should be converted into quarantine hospitals that could sail up to cities that are in urgent need of an extended facility. The proposal is mainly done for developing countries that do not have well-established healthcare and huge planned public spaces that can be converted hence this would act as an added advantage to all the countries in need of a center in an emergency.
6. Field Rescue Centre
The projects of FRC span out to a diversified function i.e., it can cater to the situation of the pandemic, epidemic, natural disaster, and even military medical care. FRC units can be temporarily placed in spaces with malfunctioned structures or delayed structures to fulfill the requirements. All the units have services of water, gas, and other day-to-day requirements, and also the construction material is highly light which makes it easier to transport through trucks, cargos, etc. The module is ideal for dismantling and compiling according to one’s requirement of a specified function.
7. Emergency Shelter
The idea of such shelter spaces arrived by seeing the situation of smaller areas in Argentina during floods and how the need for shelter is there due to a lot many reasons apart from COVID’19. The shelter is made of panels that can be easily folded, stacked, and transported. It is economical and fast and keeps one safe from outer weather conditions and caters to basic daily needs and hence, it proved helpful to the patients of the virus in this tough time.
8. CNC Medical Emergency Module
The CNC-MEM module is a computer numerical controlled module that serves ideally for the current situation. It is constructed out of a total of six sheets of 1.22cm x 2.44cm plywood which can be cut within a day and assembled within ten minutes. Each module is sufficient for one patient and if the requirement extends to mutual accommodation, the facility can be extended structurally.
9. KNDC 2020
Two students from the Centre of Environment Planning and Technology, Ahmedabad (CEPT), Aditi Bajpai, and Dwij Hirpara won the KNDC 2020 competition of constructing quarantine facilities by suggesting easy deployable prefabricated structures. The module requires very low cost and no skilled labor and now they are working with a student initiative named CHHAT (Centre for Human Habitat and Alternative Technology) to implement these modules in the small places in the state of Gujarat, India.
India being a developing country lacks the kind of infrastructure required to fulfill the needs of having quarantine facilities. Hence, the modules which can be deployed within no time and can be scaled according to the requirement is the kind of module required in the country to sustain the pandemic. Raksha was proposed which can act as test labs, hospitals, and so on. The area of one unit is 8m x 4m x 3.6m i.e., 32sqm. and can be installed on-site within two hours and is equipped with all kinds of services.