Egypt has Christianity as their pinch-largest religion after Islam, the adultness of which is the Coptic Orthodox Church. The history of Christianity in Egypt dates back to the Roman epoch as Alexandria was back either a center of Christianity. 

Egypt has been through military occupation dozens of times over its long period of history, wherein it has changed its religious doctrine twice. Christianity was the first in the 1st century, and the pinch with Islam in the 7th century. Egypt has successfully fitted both Islam and Christianity with multiple of its ancient beliefs. For Christianity, understanding the Egyptian influence on the religion which has spread worldwide is important as it bears the authentic Egyptian features that the people of the country exercised since ancient times yea before the birth of Christ after which it appeared that it was Christianity. 

Anteriorly in the 1st century when Christianity appeared it was considered as another performance of Judaism. It was only after it passed through Egypt that Christianity was considered an independent religion separate from Judaism. Christianity entered three of its most important factors from Egypt: The Cross, Trinity, and Religious Order. 

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Egyptian Christianity_©How Egypt was Christian before the birth of Christ | Al Arabiya English

The Cross 

The Cross as a Christian symbol wasn’t used anteriorly until the 4th-century Notification, until which the fish symbol chthys in Greek” or ΙΧΘΥΣ was used. The well-known symbol of the Cross is used throughout the world in the development of an ancient Egyptian symbol ” Ankh” meaning eternity, or life after death. 

A lot of archaeological validation was a pioneer in the Coptic Museum at Cairo indicating the progress of the use of the symbol and its retirement by Egyptian Christians as an embellishing element primarily and either of representative value indicating the eternity of Christ. 

This symbol was traditionally placed as a voyage for Ra’s boat in the life beyond to cross the ocean of darkness. It can also be seen over some stones in the Coptic Museum of Cairo. 

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Egyptian Christianity How Egypt was Christian before the birth of Christ _©Al Arabiya English


The familiar statues of the Virgin Mary holding the Christ which spread with Christianity now all around the world came from the statues of Isis carrying her child Horus. The Isis churches that were spread out in Egypt had been converted into churches. 

Holy Trinity got the bottom for the oldest creed that had been known to Egypt for thousands of ages, which comprises Father God Osiris, Mother Goddess Isis, and the Son Horus. 

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Egyptian Christianity How Egypt was Christian before the birth of Christ_©Al Arabiya English

Religious order 

The first Christian monk in history was an Egyptian saint, Anthony the Great, born in 251 Advertisement in Thebes who lived for more than a hundred years. Anthony was the first to establish the monastic system and the rules of domicile in the abbeys. 

Christianity in its early form didn’t know monasticism or hermitages. It evolved from Judaism, which didn’t drink the idea of an unattached man. The idea of continence among the ancient Egyptian dominies ( mannish and womanlike) was common and the great kirks were attached to some hermitages where some of the dominies and princesses devoted themselves exhaustively to worship austerity, separateness, and continence. 

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Egyptian Christianity How Egypt was Christian before the birth of Christ _©Al Arabiya English

Christian Archaeology in Egypt 

The matter-of-fact roots of Christianity in Egypt are hourly linked to Alexandria in the first century. Alexandria is the largest worldly megalopolis of Egypt had a happy milieu for the spread of the Christian religion. 

Discoveries have been made that add weight to the consideration of that complex division of early Christianity of the 2nd and 3rd centuries, which developed in Alexandria’s rich educational climate. 

Factual interest in Christianity in Egypt developed late in comparison to the examinations into Egypt’s pharaonic history. While Egypt’s pharaonic history was in the center stage, Christian age was viewed as unrefined, rudimentary, and degressive. 

The active Coptic Christian cloisters having the Christian handwritings attracted several European scholars and collectors. So archaeological examinations into Christianity in Egypt were defined along by factors like choosy attention to pharaonic remains over Christian, competition among fat-cat collectors, and the rise of civil galleries in America and Europe. 

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A Late Antique lecture hall with seating at Kom el-Dikka in Alexandria, Egypt_©Darlene L. Brooks Hedstrom

Monumental Church Architecture in Egypt 

The first Christian churches are beginning far from Alexandria, at emplacements akin as Kellis ( contemporary Ismant el-Kharab) in Dakleh Oasis, Pharan ( contemporary Firan) in Sinai, and Antinoopolis ( contemporary Sheikh’Ibada) in Upper Egypt. We couldn’t find any attestation or remains of Alexandria’s twelve churches whereas other areas have produced monumental churches in metro, bucolic, and monastic ambients. 

The presence of the side apartments came a common affection in Egyptian churches. On the west edge of the bourg, a third church sits amidst an affecting Christian cemetery. These early Egyptian churches illustrate the account of an east-west axis, the placement of the east sanctuary. 

Churches assembled in the late 4th century at the new monastic centers were different from the community churches significantly. The east sanctuary was blockish rather than semicircular. The apse was replaced by a small aedicula, or adjourned niche, that included a ledge, corrupted cataplasm columns, and niche heads. 

Church construction in the 5th century came with two distinct styles reflecting local preferences. The alterations to the public basilica form offered an ideal gathering space while still maintaining the relative belonging of a small sanctuary with pastophoria. 

Egyptian churches after the 7th century could be seen having a new architectural peculiarity called the khurus, which is a room pieced between the nave and the sanctuary. The space is designed to add an area for the ministry that separates the sanctuary proper from the confession and also limits the visibility of the podium from the congregation. 

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Standing church columns in the Second Courtyard of Medinet Habu in Thebes, circa 1860s_©Courtesy of The Miriam and Ira D. Wallach Division of Art, Prints and Photographs

Material Remains of Daily Christian Life

Apart from churches and hermitages, the material culture of Christianity in Egypt is also visible in a collection of small traces made for Christian use. The objects bear signs of Christian iconography crosses, saints, biblical scenes, and portraitures from saints’ lives. They reflect a wide array of diurnal particulars used within the home or a liturgical setting. 

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A Late Antique textile on display at the Greco-Roman Museum in Alexandria, Egypt_©Darlene L. Brooks Hedstrom

The most honored traces of Christian Egypt are the rainbow and complex magnified fabrics recovered from a series of Roman and Involved cemeteries. The Christian dead were dressed in a variety of linen garments, often with wool-embroidered borders and colorful ornamentation, and then covered by a burial shroud. 

Egyptian Christian iconography was influenced in clear ways by the appropriation of images from ancient Egypt. For example, the hieroglyphic sign of the ankh, meaning “life,” was adopted and transformed into a Christian looped cross.

A funerary stela with a looped ankh from the Graeco-Roman Museum in Alexandria, Egypt_©Darlene L. Brooks Hedstrom

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