Aranya Community Housing, Indore, India – Low Cost Housing in India

Aranya Community Housing in Indore, India, stands as a testament to innovative design and sustainable architecture in the realm of low-cost housing. Developed with the vision of providing affordable homes without compromising on quality of life, Aranya has become a landmark project, setting new standards in community-centric living.

History and Context

Designed by renowned architect Balkrishna Doshi, Aranya Community Housing was conceived in the late 1980s. The project aimed to address the housing needs of the economically weaker sections of society, offering a blueprint for sustainable, inclusive urban development. Situated in the city of Indore, Aranya spans approximately 86 acres and is home to over 80,000 residents, making it one of the largest low-cost housing projects in the country.

Architectural Design

Sustainable Urban Planning

Aranya is a prime example of sustainable urban planning, incorporating principles that maximize resource efficiency and minimize environmental impact. The layout of the housing complex is carefully designed to optimize natural light and ventilation, reducing the dependency on artificial lighting and air conditioning. This not only enhances the quality of living but also significantly lowers energy consumption.

Community-Centric Approach

One of the distinctive features of Aranya is its emphasis on community spaces. The housing complex is strategically divided into clusters, each with its own communal facilities such as parks, schools, and health centers. This community-centric approach fosters a sense of belonging and encourages social interaction among residents.

Affordability and Accessibility

Cost-Efficient Construction

Aranya is a shining example of how cost-efficient construction techniques can be employed without compromising structural integrity. The project incorporates locally sourced materials and labor, minimizing transportation costs and supporting the local economy. This approach significantly reduces the overall construction expenses, making the homes more affordable for the target demographic.

Inclusive Design for All

A key aspect of Aranya’s success is its commitment to inclusivity. The housing project is designed to cater to diverse socioeconomic groups, providing different housing options to meet varying needs. From small apartments to larger family homes, Aranya ensures that there is a suitable dwelling for everyone, fostering a socially inclusive community.

Innovative Housing Models

Incremental Housing

Aranya introduces the concept of incremental housing, allowing residents to participate in the construction process gradually. Families can start with a basic structure and expand over time as their financial capacity grows. This flexible approach not only accommodates economic constraints but also encourages a sense of ownership and pride among the residents.

Mixed-Use Development

The housing complex incorporates mixed-use development, integrating residential, commercial, and institutional spaces. This diversification not only creates a self-sustaining ecosystem but also provides residents with easy access to essential services and employment opportunities within the community.

Challenges and Solutions

Infrastructure Challenges

While Aranya has been widely praised, it has not been without its challenges. The rapid increase in population over the years has strained the existing infrastructure. To address this, ongoing efforts are being made to enhance basic amenities such as water supply, sewage systems, and transportation within the complex.

Community Engagement for Sustainable Solutions

Aranya has implemented community engagement programs to address infrastructure challenges. Residents actively participate in decision-making processes, contributing to sustainable solutions. This inclusive approach ensures that the community’s needs and aspirations are considered in the ongoing development and maintenance of the housing complex.

Impact and Future Prospects

Social Impact

Aranya has had a profound social impact, providing a dignified living space for thousands of families who were previously marginalized. The sense of community, access to education and healthcare, and improved overall living conditions have contributed to breaking the cycle of poverty for many residents.

Replicability and Scalability

The success of Aranya has sparked interest in replicating its model in other parts of India and beyond. The principles of sustainable design, community engagement, and affordability can be adapted to different contexts, offering a scalable solution to the global housing crisis.


Aranya Community Housing in Indore, India, stands as a beacon of hope and inspiration in the realm of low-cost housing. Its innovative design, sustainable practices, and community-centric approach redefine the possibilities of affordable urban living. As cities worldwide grapple with housing challenges, Aranya provides a blueprint for creating inclusive, sustainable, and cost-effective housing solutions.



Rethinking The Future (RTF) is a Global Platform for Architecture and Design. RTF through more than 100 countries around the world provides an interactive platform of highest standard acknowledging the projects among creative and influential industry professionals.