What are some famous furniture pieces designed by architects? what is the story behind them?

1. THE BARCELONA CHAIRS 

Designer: Mies van der Rohe and Lilly Reich
Year: 1929
Materials:Chrome on steel frame Leather cushions filled with foam
Style: Modernist
Dimension:Height 75 cm Width 75 cm Depth 75 cm
Purpose: for the German Pavilion at the International Exposition of 1929, hosted by BarcelonaCataloniaSpain.

THE BARCELONA CHAIRS  - Sheet1
Bacelona Chair ©https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barcelonachair
THE BARCELONA CHAIRS  - Sheet2
Bacelona Chair ©https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barcelonachair
THE BARCELONA CHAIRS  - Sheet3
Bacelona Chair ©https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barcelonachair

2. RED AND BLUE CHIAR

Designer:Gerrit Rietveld
Year: 1918
Materials: Lacquered wood
Style: De Stjil
Purpose:it represents one of the first explorations by the De Stijl art movement in three dimensions

RED AND BLUE CHIAR
Red and Blue Chairhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Red_and_Blue_Chair

3. WASSILY CHAIR 

Designer:Marcel Breuer
Year: 1925-1926
Materials:The fabric used was made from Eisengarn, a strong, shiny, waxed-cotton thread.
Purpose:Breuer was inspired to create the chair while riding his bicycle – he envisioned taking the tubular steel used for the handlebars and bending it into pieces of furniture. Breuer took the traditional form of an overstuffed club chair and simplified it down until it was just an outline, with a canvas seat, back and arms.

The chair soon became known as the Wassily Chair, named after the Russian painter Wassily Kandinsky – Breuer’s friend and fellow Bauhaus instructor – who praised the design when it was first produced.

WASSILY CHAIR 
Wassily Chair ©www.knoll.com

4. BABY CRADLE 

Designer: Peter Keler
Year: 1923
Materials: Steel tube painted, natural wicker work, MDF lacquered
Dimension:
Cradle classic: Ø 91 x D 98 cm, bed surface: 32,5 x 92,5 cm
Cradle small: Ø 60 x D 75 cm, bed surface: 20 x 70 cm
Style: Bauhaus
Purpose: Composed of simple shapes like triangles and rectangles, and primary colours, the cradle features a colour-block body in red and yellow, with a blue circular rocker – a palette recognized as a trademark of the Bauhaus.

BABY CRADLE  - Sheet1
Baby Cradle ©https://www.smow.com/en/manufacturers/tecta/bauhaus-cradle.html
BABY CRADLE  - Sheet2
Baby Cradle ©https://www.smow.com/en/manufacturers/tecta/bauhaus-cradle.html
BABY CRADLE  - Sheet3
Baby Cradle ©https://www.smow.com/en/manufacturers/tecta/bauhaus-cradle.html
BABY CRADLE  - Sheet4
Baby Cradle ©https://www.smow.com/en/manufacturers/tecta/bauhaus-cradle.html

5. HIGH BACK CHAIR

Designer:Frank Lloyd Wright
Year: 1902
Material: linear, geometric frames made of stained white oak, and dark-color fabric upholstery
Dimensions:141 x 43 x 46 cm
Style:Prairie Style
Purpose:This high-back dining chair (1900) is made of oak for the Ward Willits’ house in Highland Park, Illinois. The frame is heavy compared to Mid Century Modern and is an example of Wright’s Prairie Style.

HIGH BACK CHAIR
High Back Chair ©https://www.artfund.org/supporting-museums/art-weve-helped-buy/artwork/2860/high-backed-chair

6. LARKIN BUILDING OFFICE CHAIR

Designer: Frank Lloyd Wright
Year:1900
Material: Cast iron, bent steel, leather
Style:International Style
Dimension:24.75w x 20.5d x 37h
Purpose:Linear elements in the design of the base extend the linearity found in the masonry details of the Larkin Administration Building.

LARKIN BUILDING OFFICE CHAIR
Larkin Building Office Chair ©https://www.architonic.com/en/antique/wright-chair-larkin-administration/4100636

7. LC4 CHAISE LONGUE

Designer:Le Corbusier, Charlotte Perriand and Pierre Jeanneret
Year:1928
Material:chrome plated (CR3) steel frame.Black enamel steel base
Purpose:built in a shape designed for relaxation, the chair was created when the three designers teamed together to put man at the centre of their design, taking the idea that form and function should be at the service of relaxation, creating a perfect balance between its geometric purity and its ergonomic intent. The stability of the frame – for any angle of inclination – is guaranteed by the friction through rubber tubes that cover the cross bar of the base.

LC4 CHAISE LONGUE - Sheet1
LC4 Chaise Longue ©https://www.cassina.com/en/collection/armchairs/lc4
LC4 CHAISE LONGUE - Sheet2
LC4 Chaise Longue ©https://www.cassina.com/en/collection/armchairs/lc4
LC4 CHAISE LONGUE - Sheet3
LC4 Chaise Longue ©https://www.cassina.com/en/collection/armchairs/lc4

8. TALIESIN LOUNGE CHAIR

Designer: Frank Lloyd Wright
Year: 1949
Style:Japan­ese art of origami
Material:Origami in wood, original beech plywood form with a cherry wood veneer, which can be left natural or stained in black oak
Purpose:The chair has angled compo­nents and a complex geomet­ri­cal struc­ture that ensures its stability.

TALIESIN LOUNGE CHAIR - Sheet1
Taliesin Lounge Chair ©https://contextgallery.com/shop/taliesin-lounge-chair
TALIESIN LOUNGE CHAIR - Sheet2
Taliesin Lounge Chair ©https://contextgallery.com/shop/taliesin-lounge-chair

9. TALIESIN BARREL CHAIRS

Designer: Frank Lloyd Wright
Year: 1920 to 1949
Material: Bentwood, Cherry Dining chair with curved back, in natural cherrywood, cherrywood stained walnut, stained black or American walnut finish. Plastic material seat with polyurethane foam and polyester padding.

TALIESIN BARREL CHAIRS - Sheet1TALIESIN BARREL CHAIRS - Sheet2TALIESIN BARREL CHAIRS - Sheet3TALIESIN BARREL CHAIRS - Sheet4

Image source:https://www.cassina.com/en/collection/chairs/606-barrel-taliesin

10. MOLTENI&C

Designer: Gio Ponti
Year: 1952 to 1955
Material: Marked by hand-painted white drawer fronts with applied handles in various wood kinds (elm, Italian walnut, mahogany and rosewood).
Dimension:W 72 7/8” D 20 1/2” H 35 3/8”
Purpose: designed and built for his house in Via Dezze in Milan. His small table, library, and armchair show that there was no gap between his personal appeals and his architectural vision.

MOLTENI&C - Sheet1
Moltenic & C ©https://casadesigngroup.com/products/gio-ponti-d-655-1-d-655-2-chests-of-drawers
MOLTENI&C - Sheet2
Moltenic & C ©https://casadesigngroup.com/products/gio-ponti-d-655-1-d-655-2-chests-of-drawers

11. RED ARMCHAIR

Designer:Gaetano Pesce
Year:1969
Style: Modern movement
Material:expanded polyurethane foam upholstered in stretch nylon and wool jersey
Dimension: 47¼ inches wide; 51¼ inches deep; 40½ inches high (120 cm wide; 130 cm deep; 103 cm high).
Purpose:The chair is a metaphor of a large comfortable womb and recalls ancient statues of fertility goddesses. The armchair icon of modernity, metaphor of the female figure that is endowed with a comfortable womb and is yet a prisoner.

RED ARMCHAIR
Red Armchair ©https://www.bebitalia.com/en/armchair-serie-2000

12. REUPHOLSTERED CAMALEONDA SOFA

Designer: Mario Bellini
Year:1972
Style:Post Modern
Material:Velvet
Purpose: The backs and armrests are provided with rings and carabiners, which allows the user to create a perfect ‘seating landscape.’ The sofa is very comfortable and the fact this wonderful piece is modular, provides endless flexible solutions for any project or living room. This sofa consists out of seven elements, six large elements and two smaller ones. In addition of six backrests and one armrest.

REUPHOLSTERED CAMALEONDA SOFA - Sheet1
Reupholstered Camaleonda sofa https://www.1stdibs.com/furniture/seating/sofas/customizable-mario-bellini-modular-camaleonda-sofa/id-f_15267281/
REUPHOLSTERED CAMALEONDA SOFA - Sheet2
Reupholstered Camaleonda sofa https://www.1stdibs.com/furniture/seating/sofas/customizable-mario-bellini-modular-camaleonda-sofa/id-f_15267281/
REUPHOLSTERED CAMALEONDA SOFA - Sheet3
Reupholstered Camaleonda sofa https://www.1stdibs.com/furniture/seating/sofas/customizable-mario-bellini-modular-camaleonda-sofa/id-f_15267281/

13. DIVANO MODULABILE

Designer:Mario Bellini
Year: 2005
Material:Wooden structure. Padding in flexible polyurethane. Choice of upholstery, in fabric and leather.
Purpose:inspired by Michetta

DIVANO MODULABILE - Sheet1
Divano Modulabile ©https://www.homify.it/progetti/8552/la-michetta-design-gaetano-pesce
DIVANO MODULABILE - Sheet2
Divano Modulabile ©https://www.homify.it/progetti/8552/la-michetta-design-gaetano-pesce

14. SENDAI

Designer: Toyo Ito
Year: 2004
Style:Frameworks mediatheque
Material:Aluminium, Walnut, Aluminium and Wood
Purpose: This bookcase reinterprets the design essence of architect Toyo Ito’s mediatheque in Sendai, Japan. a transparent building in which six slab are supported by irregularly shaped steel lattice columns, stretching from the ground plane to the roof.

SENDAI - Sheet1
Sendai ©https://www.archiproducts.com/en/products/casamania-horm/aluminium-and-wood-bookcase-sendai_167460
SENDAI - Sheet2
Sendai ©https://www.archiproducts.com/en/products/casamania-horm/aluminium-and-wood-bookcase-sendai_167460
SENDAI - Sheet3
Sendai ©https://www.archiproducts.com/en/products/casamania-horm/aluminium-and-wood-bookcase-sendai_167460

15. FLAT.C

Designer: Antonio Citterio
Year: 2008
Style: Frameworks
Dimension: 6 heights for side and central panels, 13 lengths for horizontal tops and shelves, from cm. 50 up to a single 350-cm-long shelf, which can be positioned starting from a minimum distance of approx. 12 cm, a single depth of 25 cm
Material: Finishes range from satin lacquered to the new steel-colour varnishing for structural elements (made ofextruded aluminium profiles); shelves and partitions present a novel version in ecovud.
Purpose:With the Flat.C system designed by Antonio Citterio, the issue of the bookcase, equipped to hold the TV set and video/HI-FI accessories as well, finds a definitely interesting solution with a broad range of combination and colour options.

FLAT.C - Sheet1
Flat.C ©https://www.architonic.com/en/product/b-b-italia-flat-c/1051431
FLAT.C - Sheet2
Flat.C ©https://www.architonic.com/en/product/b-b-italia-flat-c/1051431

16. METROPOLIS

Designer: Giacomo Moor
Year: 2014
Style:Frameworks
Material: The black metallic framework is occasionally punctuated by rectangular wooden volumes, with the absence of visible handles reinforcing their architectural presence.
Purpose:Designed for Post Design Gallery, the Metropolis collection (below and opposite) consists of seven pieces of furniture, which, as he says, ‘evoke archetypal metropolis skylines’. A degree of abstraction is achieved by separating the storage compartments from the supporting Structure

METROPOLIS - Sheet1
Metropolis ©https://www.giacomoor.com/en/project/metropolis/
METROPOLIS - Sheet2
Metropolis ©https://www.giacomoor.com/en/project/metropolis/
METROPOLIS - Sheet3
Metropolis ©https://www.giacomoor.com/en/project/metropolis/

17. CLOUD TABLE

Designer: Studio MAKS with Pang Architects
Year: 2014
Dimension: 150m long table varying in height and width from bank for informal meetings, to group table, to an individual study place for reading.
Material:The 70-metre-square untreated poplar wood top was balanced on thin steel legs, with the surface snaking around the former industrial building, widening and thinning at various points
Purpose:This large yet light and elegantly-crafted table offers a place to be and allows people to connect socially in physical and virtual space

CLOUD TABLE - Sheet1
Cloud Table ©https://www.dezeen.com/2014/05/07/cloud-table-studio-maks-recharges-phones-milan-2014/
CLOUD TABLE - Sheet2
Cloud Table ©https://www.dezeen.com/2014/05/07/cloud-table-studio-maks-recharges-phones-milan-2014/
CLOUD TABLE - Sheet3
Cloud Table ©https://www.dezeen.com/2014/05/07/cloud-table-studio-maks-recharges-phones-milan-2014/

18. DUNE FORMATIONS

Designer: Zaha Hadid
Year: 2017
Style: Deconstruction
Material: Advanced 3d modelling techniques are combined with the processes of digital production and innovative materials. Metal and resins are melted into sinuous shapes, finished with a bespoke golden orange colour created in the UK
Purpose: research and exploration into the dialogue of material geometry. Always questioning the restrictions imposed by an orthogonal arrangement, the total fluidity of her work continues to push the boundaries of architecture and design.

DUNE FORMATIONS - Sheet1
Dune Formations ©https://www.dezeen.com/2007/06/08/dune-formations-by-zaha-hadid/
DUNE FORMATIONS - Sheet2
Dune Formations ©https://www.dezeen.com/2007/06/08/dune-formations-by-zaha-hadid/
DUNE FORMATIONS - Sheet3
Dune Formations ©https://www.dezeen.com/2007/06/08/dune-formations-by-zaha-hadid/

19. ROCKING CHAISE

Designer: Frank Gehry
Year: 1972
Style: Deconstruction
Material: corrugated cardboard, Masonite
Purpose: Frank Gehry always had a keen interest in the industrial materials such as plywood and corrugated metal,  which can be seen in his early projects like the Wiggle Chair, but he was always fascinated by the idea off the rocking chair, which he designed accordingly to his own style

ROCKING CHAISE - Sheet1
Rocking Chair © https://www.wright20.com/auctions/2013/10/design/267
ROCKING CHAISE - Sheet2
Rocking Chair © https://www.wright20.com/auctions/2013/10/design/267
ROCKING CHAISE - Sheet3
Rocking Chair © https://www.wright20.com/auctions/2013/10/design/267

20. MESA GLASS TABLE

Designer: Zaha Hadid
Style:Deconstruction
Material:Polyurethane/Fibreglass and finish is metallic
Dimension: 4270 x1200 x700 h mm
Purpose:The Mesa Table enfolds a world of voids, structure and elastic surfaces between two horizontal planes to create a sophisticated functional object. Simulating natural growth patterns, its design reveals the network of hidden stems beneath the dense surface of lily pads on water.

MESA GLASS TABLE - Sheet1
Mesa Glass Table ©https://zaha-hadid-design.com/collaborations/mesa-table
MESA GLASS TABLE - Sheet2
Mesa Glass Table ©https://zaha-hadid-design.com/collaborations/mesa-table
MESA GLASS TABLE - Sheet3
Mesa Glass Table ©https://zaha-hadid-design.com/collaborations/mesa-table
MESA GLASS TABLE - Sheet4
Mesa Glass Table ©https://zaha-hadid-design.com/collaborations/mesa-table

Citation

 

Nastaran Razavi
Author

Nastaran Razavi graduated in Landscape Architecture at University of Toronto in 2012, worked as an architecture editor and conducted research on projects in architecture to present creative ideas in architecture and interior design fields for Kaazdeco studio. It is my honor as an intern to spread the message of successful architects to current generation of architecture students. It is hoped that innovative ideas in architecture, interior design and landscape architecture improve the quality of space in design.

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