What are some famous furniture pieces designed by architects? what is the story behind them?
1. THE BARCELONA CHAIRS
Designer: Mies van der Rohe and Lilly Reich
Materials:Chrome on steel frame Leather cushions filled with foam
Dimension:Height 75 cm Width 75 cm Depth 75 cm
Purpose: for the German Pavilion at the International Exposition of 1929, hosted by Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
2. RED AND BLUE CHIAR
Materials: Lacquered wood
Style: De Stjil
Purpose:it represents one of the first explorations by the De Stijl art movement in three dimensions
3. WASSILY CHAIR
Materials:The fabric used was made from Eisengarn, a strong, shiny, waxed-cotton thread.
Purpose:Breuer was inspired to create the chair while riding his bicycle – he envisioned taking the tubular steel used for the handlebars and bending it into pieces of furniture. Breuer took the traditional form of an overstuffed club chair and simplified it down until it was just an outline, with a canvas seat, back and arms.
The chair soon became known as the Wassily Chair, named after the Russian painter Wassily Kandinsky – Breuer’s friend and fellow Bauhaus instructor – who praised the design when it was first produced.
4. BABY CRADLE
Designer: Peter Keler
Materials: Steel tube painted, natural wicker work, MDF lacquered
Cradle classic: Ø 91 x D 98 cm, bed surface: 32,5 x 92,5 cm
Cradle small: Ø 60 x D 75 cm, bed surface: 20 x 70 cm
Purpose: Composed of simple shapes like triangles and rectangles, and primary colours, the cradle features a colour-block body in red and yellow, with a blue circular rocker – a palette recognized as a trademark of the Bauhaus.
5. HIGH BACK CHAIR
Designer:Frank Lloyd Wright
Material: linear, geometric frames made of stained white oak, and dark-color fabric upholstery
Dimensions:141 x 43 x 46 cm
Purpose:This high-back dining chair (1900) is made of oak for the Ward Willits’ house in Highland Park, Illinois. The frame is heavy compared to Mid Century Modern and is an example of Wright’s Prairie Style.
6. LARKIN BUILDING OFFICE CHAIR
Designer: Frank Lloyd Wright
Material: Cast iron, bent steel, leather
Dimension:24.75w x 20.5d x 37h
Purpose:Linear elements in the design of the base extend the linearity found in the masonry details of the Larkin Administration Building.
7. LC4 CHAISE LONGUE
Designer:Le Corbusier, Charlotte Perriand and Pierre Jeanneret
Material:chrome plated (CR3) steel frame.Black enamel steel base
Purpose:built in a shape designed for relaxation, the chair was created when the three designers teamed together to put man at the centre of their design, taking the idea that form and function should be at the service of relaxation, creating a perfect balance between its geometric purity and its ergonomic intent. The stability of the frame – for any angle of inclination – is guaranteed by the friction through rubber tubes that cover the cross bar of the base.
8. TALIESIN LOUNGE CHAIR
Designer: Frank Lloyd Wright
Style:Japanese art of origami
Material:Origami in wood, original beech plywood form with a cherry wood veneer, which can be left natural or stained in black oak
Purpose:The chair has angled components and a complex geometrical structure that ensures its stability.
9. TALIESIN BARREL CHAIRS
Designer: Frank Lloyd Wright
Year: 1920 to 1949
Material: Bentwood, Cherry Dining chair with curved back, in natural cherrywood, cherrywood stained walnut, stained black or American walnut finish. Plastic material seat with polyurethane foam and polyester padding.
Designer: Gio Ponti
Year: 1952 to 1955
Material: Marked by hand-painted white drawer fronts with applied handles in various wood kinds (elm, Italian walnut, mahogany and rosewood).
Dimension:W 72 7/8” D 20 1/2” H 35 3/8”
Purpose: designed and built for his house in Via Dezze in Milan. His small table, library, and armchair show that there was no gap between his personal appeals and his architectural vision.
11. RED ARMCHAIR
Style: Modern movement
Material:expanded polyurethane foam upholstered in stretch nylon and wool jersey
Dimension: 47¼ inches wide; 51¼ inches deep; 40½ inches high (120 cm wide; 130 cm deep; 103 cm high).
Purpose:The chair is a metaphor of a large comfortable womb and recalls ancient statues of fertility goddesses. The armchair icon of modernity, metaphor of the female figure that is endowed with a comfortable womb and is yet a prisoner.
12. REUPHOLSTERED CAMALEONDA SOFA
Designer: Mario Bellini
Purpose: The backs and armrests are provided with rings and carabiners, which allows the user to create a perfect ‘seating landscape.’ The sofa is very comfortable and the fact this wonderful piece is modular, provides endless flexible solutions for any project or living room. This sofa consists out of seven elements, six large elements and two smaller ones. In addition of six backrests and one armrest.
13. DIVANO MODULABILE
Material:Wooden structure. Padding in flexible polyurethane. Choice of upholstery, in fabric and leather.
Purpose:inspired by Michetta
Designer: Toyo Ito
Material:Aluminium, Walnut, Aluminium and Wood
Purpose: This bookcase reinterprets the design essence of architect Toyo Ito’s mediatheque in Sendai, Japan. a transparent building in which six slab are supported by irregularly shaped steel lattice columns, stretching from the ground plane to the roof.
Designer: Antonio Citterio
Dimension: 6 heights for side and central panels, 13 lengths for horizontal tops and shelves, from cm. 50 up to a single 350-cm-long shelf, which can be positioned starting from a minimum distance of approx. 12 cm, a single depth of 25 cm
Material: Finishes range from satin lacquered to the new steel-colour varnishing for structural elements (made ofextruded aluminium profiles); shelves and partitions present a novel version in ecovud.
Purpose:With the Flat.C system designed by Antonio Citterio, the issue of the bookcase, equipped to hold the TV set and video/HI-FI accessories as well, finds a definitely interesting solution with a broad range of combination and colour options.
Designer: Giacomo Moor
Material: The black metallic framework is occasionally punctuated by rectangular wooden volumes, with the absence of visible handles reinforcing their architectural presence.
Purpose:Designed for Post Design Gallery, the Metropolis collection (below and opposite) consists of seven pieces of furniture, which, as he says, ‘evoke archetypal metropolis skylines’. A degree of abstraction is achieved by separating the storage compartments from the supporting Structure
17. CLOUD TABLE
Designer: Studio MAKS with Pang Architects
Dimension: 150m long table varying in height and width from bank for informal meetings, to group table, to an individual study place for reading.
Material:The 70-metre-square untreated poplar wood top was balanced on thin steel legs, with the surface snaking around the former industrial building, widening and thinning at various points
Purpose:This large yet light and elegantly-crafted table offers a place to be and allows people to connect socially in physical and virtual space
18. DUNE FORMATIONS
Designer: Zaha Hadid
Material: Advanced 3d modelling techniques are combined with the processes of digital production and innovative materials. Metal and resins are melted into sinuous shapes, finished with a bespoke golden orange colour created in the UK
Purpose: research and exploration into the dialogue of material geometry. Always questioning the restrictions imposed by an orthogonal arrangement, the total fluidity of her work continues to push the boundaries of architecture and design.
19. ROCKING CHAISE
Designer: Frank Gehry
Material: corrugated cardboard, Masonite
Purpose: Frank Gehry always had a keen interest in the industrial materials such as plywood and corrugated metal, which can be seen in his early projects like the Wiggle Chair, but he was always fascinated by the idea off the rocking chair, which he designed accordingly to his own style
20. MESA GLASS TABLE
Designer: Zaha Hadid
Material:Polyurethane/Fibreglass and finish is metallic
Dimension: 4270 x1200 x700 h mm
Purpose:The Mesa Table enfolds a world of voids, structure and elastic surfaces between two horizontal planes to create a sophisticated functional object. Simulating natural growth patterns, its design reveals the network of hidden stems beneath the dense surface of lily pads on water.