The city of Indore, which is often referred to as the “Heart and the largest city of Madhya Pradesh,” is well-known for its extensive cultural history and magnificent architecture. On a journey through various architectural styles and periods, showcasing the varied influences that have shaped Indore’s urban landscape, one can learn more about Indore’s historical significance and marvel at its magnificent structures that reflect its cultural diversity.

Indore has a rich history that dates back to the 16th century when it was founded by Rao Nandlal Chaudhary. Later, it became the capital of the Holkar dynasty, which ruled the region during the 18th and 19th centuries. The city played a crucial role in the Malwa region’s history, witnessing several battles and developments over the years. Over the years, Indore has attracted people from various regions and communities, creating a diverse cultural landscape that adds to its heritage value. On a heritage walk through Indore, one might come across the following buildings: 

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    A picture of Lal Bagh Palace _©

    Rajwada Palace: The famous Rajwada Palace, a representation of the former ruling Holkar dynasty in the area, might be the starting point of the heritage tour. A mix of Maratha, Mughal, and French architectural styles can be seen in this spectacular palace. This seven-story mansion in the heart of Indore recalls the grandeur of an earlier age with a blend of woodwork, stone sculptures, and balconies with complex lattice work, as well as the palace’s many chambers and marvel at its finely constructed wooden pillars, arches.

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    A picture magnificent Rajwada Palace _©

    Lal Bagh Palace: Moving on, one can come across the Lal Bagh Palace, another architectural marvel. This palace is a beautiful example of a fusion of European, Maratha, and Nizami architectural styles. Lal Bagh Palace, with its imposing façade, huge chandeliers, Italian marble columns, and exquisite ceilings, provides an insight into the elegance of the Holkar emperors.  This 19th-century palace is now a museum with an extraordinary collection of artifacts such as paintings, sculptures, coins, and firearms.

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    The Crown Hall, as this space is called, is a perfect representation of the Italianate Renaissance Revival style that deeply influenced the visual language of the Lal Bagh Palace_©

    Central Museum (Indore Museum): As one continues their heritage tour, they may stop by the Central Museum, also known as the Indore Museum. The museum building itself is a magnificent example of Indo-Gothic architecture. Its red-brick construction with pointed arches, intricate mouldings, and stained glass windows has a striking visual appeal. This museum has a large collection of artefacts, including sculptures, coins, paintings, and manuscripts, that illustrate the region’s rich history and cultural heritage.

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    The Central Museum of Indore showcasing a strong reminder of the past and a delight for a history enthusiast_©

    Kaanch Mandir: The renowned Kaanch Mandir (Glass Temple), a Jain temple renowned for its amazing construction, is the next place on the list. The temple is totally decorated with beautiful elaborate glasswork, as suggested by its name. Glass mosaics, mirrors, and vibrant glass panels are used to decorate the walls, ceilings, pillars, and even the flooring, producing a mesmerising play of light and reflections. The beautiful glass artwork of the temple, which features religious themes, is evidence of the artistry of the highest caliber.

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    Kaanch Mandir’s façade with intricate design and openings_©
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    Kaanch Mandir’s interior showcasing the glasswork_©

    Krishnapura Chhatris: The Krishnapura Chhatris, a collection of cenotaphs erected in honour of the Holkar kings, is another masterpiece of Indore’s architecture. These beautiful buildings showcase a fusion of Rajput and Maratha architectural designs. The chhatris are a gorgeous sight, decorated with fine carvings, domes, and spires, and placed against a calm lake.

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    Kaanch Mandir’s façade and interior are shown in two images above. _©

    Annapurna Temple: If one continues their historical tour, the temple dedicated to the Hindu goddess of sustenance is the next stop on the schedule. This temple has a distinctive architectural design that combines elements of South Indian and Maratha temple architecture. It is a visual delight with its tall shikharas (spires), finely carved pillars, and vibrant murals devoted to Annapurna Devi, the Hindu goddess of food. The temple is well-known for its exquisite carvings and stunning architecture. 

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    Kaanch Mandir’s façade and interior are shown in two images above. _©

    Gandhi Hall: The historic Gandhi Hall, a notable monument in Indore, can serve as the heritage walk’s end destination. The Town Hall, a magnificent structure also, has Indo-Gothic architectural elements. It is a well-known sight thanks to its imposing clock tower, graceful arches, and intricate stone carvings.

Kaanch Mandir’s façade and interior are shown in two images above. _©

Along the history walk, one can always see further architectural wonders such havelis (traditional mansions) in the old city district, colonial-era structures, and contemporary buildings that merge in with the city’s historic beauty. The intricate blending of numerous styles and eras in Indore’s architecture reflects the city’s rich tradition and multiculturalism. There are many other architectural wonders and historical relics worth exploring, as these are a few of Indore’s well-known heritage sites. All these locations have their own opening and closing times and entrance requirements too. It’s also a good idea to hire a local tour who can offer more details on the city’s heritage and history.

Overall, Indore’s heritage importance lies in its historical, architectural, religious, and cultural aspects, making it a city with a unique and significant cultural identity in India. Preserving and promoting these aspects is essential for maintaining its heritage and passing it on to future generations.


Kanch mandir (2023) Wikipedia. Available at: (Accessed: 25 June 2023). 

Krishnapura Chhatri, Indore, Madhya Pradesh. Indian architecture. Ancient Architecture of Indian Temple. stock photo (no date) Adobe Stock. Available at: (Accessed: 25 June 2023). (2020) Rajwada Palace, Indore – timings, history, best time to visit, Available at: (Accessed: 25 June 2023). 

Kirti, K. (no date) The Central Museum of Indore – a strong reminder of the Past & A Delight for History Buffs, Knocksense. Available at: (Accessed: 25 June 2023). 

Akritibedi (2021) 5 best heritage spots in Indore that every Indori should know of, So City. Available at: (Accessed: 25 June 2023). 

soni, V.K. and Environment (2020) Annapurna Temple Indore, GetInfoCity. Available at: (Accessed: 25 June 2023). 


Sonali is an architect by profession and appreciates the process of writing. She is enthralled by both its impact and magnificence and is a dedicated writer who hopes to expand on her professional expertise and apply various viewpoints to each task. She prefers doing research and making an effort to comprehend the literary elements that connect the readers.