A journey of 100 years of Architecture in India | Part 01

Since the beginning of 20th century, Indian Architecture has seen a lot of transformation right from the colonial architecture to modern and then the global in the recent times. India has always been rich in Architecture, either one of the first civilizations of the world, Indus Valley Civilization, the architecture of Hampi in late middle ages or the Mughal Architecture till 19th Century.

Architect and Urban Designer Vikas Pawar has worked on Journey of 100 years of architecture in India from 1905 to 2005, with the guidance from Prof. K. T. Ravindran, Dr. Vinod Gupta, and Ar. Anuj Mehta. He was recently awarded for his work at the centenary celebration of Indian Institute of Architects in 2017. A graduate of School of Planning & Architecture, New Delhi, Vikas Pawar has been a speaker at TEDx Eastern Metropolitan Bypass, Kolkata and TEDx PEC, Chandigarh.

The projects have been arranged in chronological order under various building categories like Cultural, Public Building, Housing, Educational, and Building for Governance. We have divided the list of buildings in four parts, we request our readers to go through all the parts of this article, also if you feel that some architecture marvel has been missed out, do share with us. We would be happy to update this list.

1908-23 Ballard Estate

Designed by: George Wittet
Category: Housing
City: Mumbai

1910 Esplanade Mansions, Calcutta

Designed by: Martin And Co.
Category: Housing
City: Kolkata

1928 St Martins Garrison Church New Delhi

Designed by: Arthur Shoosmith
Category: Institutional
City: New Delhi

1928 Virginia House Calcutta

Designed by: Sudlow, Ballardie And Thompson
Category: Public Building
City: Kolkata

1929-44 Umaid Bhawan palace Jodhpur

Designed by: Vidyadhar Bhattacharya and Sir Samuel Swinton Jacob Henry Vaughan Lanchester
Category: Building for Governance
City: Jodhpur

1930-34 The Regal Bombay

Designed by: Charles Sthephens
Category: Cultural
City: Bombay

1931-33 Statesman Building, Calcutta

Designed by: Sudlow, Ballardie & Thompson
Category: Public Building
City: Kolkata

1934 The College of Arts Building at Osmania University Hyderabad

Designed by: Nawab Zain Yar Jung
Category: Educational
City: Hyderabad


Designed by: Master Sathe And Bhuta
Category: Public Building
City: Mumbai

1936-48 Golconde, Pondicherry

Designed by: Antonin Raymond
Category: Public Building
City: Pondicherry

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