Architecture has always evolved what remained unchanged were the Facades. They were enhanced or beautified but were functionally and aesthetically frozen other than the wear and tear caused by the seasonal changes or age of the structure. In the recent years that evolved by the invention of moving facades, predominantly known as kinetic facades. Read on to know more about kinetic facades and its 20 best examples.

1. SDU- Kolding University of Southern Denmark:

Henning Larsen quite literally changed the façade system of modern architectural buildings; he created a climate responsive façade for the university which clearly displays the ever so constantly changing life inside the university on the exterior. A composition of triangular shape with a hint of colour on the white textured surface adds to the aesthetic. The 1600 triangular motifs are not only beautiful but also regulate and control the climate in the building with the help of sensors; these sensors monitor heat and light levels around the building, allowing the facade panels to shift from open to half-open to fully open. Even when fully closed, a controlled amount of natural light is able to shine through a custom pattern of round holes, some of which are linked to create amoeba-like openings.

20 KINETIC FACADES- 1. SDU KOLDING UNIVERSITY

2. M9-C building, Paris

It is the newest urban-life mix-use building which comprises of a residential space, school and theatre. The main attraction of this building was not its multi-use but its Kinetic façade which has perforated aluminium folding shutters which provide insulation from the heat. These shutters can be opened and closed according to the home-owners will.

20 KINETIC FACADES- 2. M9-C BUILDING PARIS

3. Xinjinzhi museum

The XinjinZhi museum was designed by Kengo Kuma and associates in China. This museum was built to invite people in to the holy place of Taoism. The façade of the building in encompassed by an interesting tile hanging formation. The tiles are made using local materials. These tiles are hung in different patterns on each side, hence creating a different yet flowing outlook through each viewpoint.

20 KINETIC FACADES- 3. XINJINZHI MUSEUM

4. ITRI- Taiwan

The industrial technology research institute in Taiwan by Noiz architects has designed the exterior wall as free flowing and light design solution to create a soft veil like curtain as the façade of the building, it consists of 4000 fins which are offset from curtain walls, creating the double-skin building envelope. The double-skin composition allows to hide maintenance space in between, while providing flexibility for future addition of pipes and ducts without affecting the landmark appearance of the building.

20 KINETIC FACADES- 4. ITRI TAIWAN

5. Ports 1961

The Ports 1961 flagship store in Shanghai deisgned by UUfie, resembles the shape of an iceberg in the middle of the buzz of Shanghai city.the façade comprises of two different sizes of glass blocks. In the day the buliding reflects subtlety of the daylight and in the evening it is illuminated with LED lights embedded in the masonry.

20 KINETIC FACADES- 5. PORT 1961

6. One ocean, Thematic pavilion

Designed by SOMA in South Korea, the façade is shaped like a fish and is made up of glass-fibre reinforced polymers. This structure draws attention due to its contrasting yet similar reflection of the ocean in its behaviour that is the calmness and then the waves.

20 KINETIC FACADES- 6. ONE OCEAN

7. Abu Dhabi Investment Council New Headquarters – Al Bahr Tower

The design concept for AHR’s innovative design is derived from an formed by Islamic principles of design, that has been supplemented by the application of a dynamic translucent ‘Mashrabiya’ which opens and closes in response to the movement of the sun, increasing the heat insulation by 50%. This façade and building is an amalgamation of traditional and modern techniques.

20 KINETIC FACADES- 7. AL-BAHR TOWER

8. Galleria centre city

This building was designed in such a manner that it gives very little away about what is inside of the building, the design is curious and fresh, it is a double layered façade, which hides the total number of floors of the building, it is a multi-use building with a media façade which is the largest one of its kind. The illuminations on the building create the kinetic look in the evening while sunlight does the job in the daytime.

20 KINETIC FACADES- 8. GALLERIA CENTRE CITY

9. House In Travessa Do Patrocínio , Lisbon, Portugal

This design deviates from the usual two categories of kinetic façades (mechanical façade, media façade) by a margin. The material used in this design is basic and easily available, it is made up of different layers of 25 varieties of Mediterranean plants in the number of 4500. This four floored glass box is completely transformed in aesthetics and in climate by the addition of vegetation.

20 KINETIC FACADES- 9. HOUSE IN TRAVESSA DO PATROCINO

10. Brisbane airport

Brisbane airport kinetic parking garage façade is an eight storey building which when viewed from outside, the entire exterior face appears to ripple fluidly as the wind activates 118,000 suspended aluminium panels, as it responds to the changing patterns of the wind. In the evening the surface of the façade is also illuminated, thus adding to the dynamic effect of its design.

11. Viking by Crown, Sydney, Australia

This kinetic façade is enhanced by its form and colour; the angles form a sharp view of the building while the colours add the much needed pop and freshness to the structure.

20 KINETIC FACADES- 11. VIKING BY CROWN

12. The Kiefer Technic Showroom

This showroom is one of the most excellent examples of dynamic or kinetic façade. The façade of the building expands and contracts to regulate the amount of sunlight to enter the building, it minimizes air-conditioning by its responsive design. The subtle white tones with the mechanics make the structure more striking.

20 KINETIC FACADES- 12. THE KIEFER TECHNIC SHOWROOM

13. Leawood speculative office

The Leawood speculative office in Kansas features a movable façade with perforated metal screens that regulate and control the sunlight to enter the office. The office façade design attracts viewers by nothing but sheer white intensity and the dynamic façade

20 KINETIC FACADES- 13. LEAWOOD SPECULATIVE OFFICE

14. Debenhams store

Debenhams store on the oxford street recently went through a makeover, which comprises now of 180,000 hanging brushed aluminium panels. This kinetic façade is floodlit with different light fixtures throughout the structure in the evening. Windows are not provided, thus maintaining the effect of flow.

20 KINETIC FACADES- 14. DEBENHAMS STORE

15. Torquay house

This structure is a private house, thus to maintain the privacy the Wolveridge architects experimented with the façade of the building, in the daylight the house appears to be a block because of the timber battens as to not allow the view inside and in the evening the cube lights provide light obstructing inside view and maintaining the clients privacy.

20 KINETIC FACADES- 15. TORQUAY HOUSE

16. Optical glass house

This house in downtown Hiroshima has a pure glass block façade which is supported on stainless steel rods. This design lets light enter and scatter inside adding to the freshness of the rest of the design while also creating a waterfall like illusion to the viewer.

20 KINETIC FACADES- 16. OPTICAL GLASS HOUSE

17. Sperone Westwater gallery

This gallery is one of its kind as the gallery has a milled glass façade, which controls outdoor noise from entering or disturbing the gallery. It allows viewers to have a different experience even if you visit the gallery or look at it while passing by, the viewers are taken to different floors or rather moved upwards, and thus that movement is seen through the milled glass surface as the rouge coloured lift travels.

20 KINETIC FACADES- 17. SPERONE WESTWATER GALLERY

18. Breath box

The duality of wind and sea is explored in this design in France, 300 mirrors are attached to the main wall which reflect the calmness of the sea while when wind enters the chaos is reflected. This structure is a visual and sensory treat as we enter it; it is an exploration shelter and is installed for just that purpose.

20 KINETIC FACADES- 18. BREATH BOX

19. The Penumbra

This kinetic day lighting system was invented by Tyler short and installed first in the University of Oregon. These shades can be hung vertically down much like our daily horizontal blinders, yet these vertical louvers can be turned to east or west side according to the direction of the sun. These shading devices are not only functionally efficient but also remove the dullness of a building structure.

20 KINETIC FACADES- 19. THE PENUMBRA

20. The quilted cube

The quilted cube is a mixed use building constructed in Barcelona. This building has two layers to its façade that inflate or deflate according to the sunlight. The south façade has 104 cushions and an ETFE membrane. This membrane is connected to each cushion which allows only desired amount of sunlight to enter.

20 KINETIC FACADES- 20. THE QUILTED CUBE

Sonali Karekar
Author

Sonali karekar is a student of Architecture, she is passionate about reading and writing. She believes that spaces and places have stories to tell from their construction to their use. There are many perspectives about an individual built form, she hopes to share hers with you.

1 Comment

  1. Avatar
    Prajakta ranjeet Ghatge Reply

    Interesting choice of projects. Thanks for sharing!

Write A Comment