Architecture has always evolved what remained unchanged were the Facades. They were enhanced or beautified but were functionally and aesthetically frozen other than the wear and tear caused by the seasonal changes or age of the structure. In the recent years that evolved by the invention of moving facades, predominantly known as kinetic facades. Read on to know more about kinetic facades and its 20 best examples.
1. SDU- Kolding University of Southern Denmark:
Henning Larsen quite literally changed the façade system of modern architectural buildings; he created a climate responsive façade for the university which clearly displays the ever so constantly changing life inside the university on the exterior. A composition of triangular shape with a hint of colour on the white textured surface adds to the aesthetic. The 1600 triangular motifs are not only beautiful but also regulate and control the climate in the building with the help of sensors; these sensors monitor heat and light levels around the building, allowing the facade panels to shift from open to half-open to fully open. Even when fully closed, a controlled amount of natural light is able to shine through a custom pattern of round holes, some of which are linked to create amoeba-like openings.
2. M9-C building, Paris
It is the newest urban-life mix-use building which comprises of a residential space, school and theatre. The main attraction of this building was not its multi-use but its Kinetic façade which has perforated aluminium folding shutters which provide insulation from the heat. These shutters can be opened and closed according to the home-owners will.
3. Xinjinzhi museum
The XinjinZhi museum was designed by Kengo Kuma and associates in China. This museum was built to invite people in to the holy place of Taoism. The façade of the building in encompassed by an interesting tile hanging formation. The tiles are made using local materials. These tiles are hung in different patterns on each side, hence creating a different yet flowing outlook through each viewpoint.
4. ITRI- Taiwan
The industrial technology research institute in Taiwan by Noiz architects has designed the exterior wall as free flowing and light design solution to create a soft veil like curtain as the façade of the building, it consists of 4000 fins which are offset from curtain walls, creating the double-skin building envelope. The double-skin composition allows to hide maintenance space in between, while providing flexibility for future addition of pipes and ducts without affecting the landmark appearance of the building.
5. Ports 1961
The Ports 1961 flagship store in Shanghai deisgned by UUfie, resembles the shape of an iceberg in the middle of the buzz of Shanghai city.the façade comprises of two different sizes of glass blocks. In the day the buliding reflects subtlety of the daylight and in the evening it is illuminated with LED lights embedded in the masonry.
6. One ocean, Thematic pavilion
Designed by SOMA in South Korea, the façade is shaped like a fish and is made up of glass-fibre reinforced polymers. This structure draws attention due to its contrasting yet similar reflection of the ocean in its behaviour that is the calmness and then the waves.
7. Abu Dhabi Investment Council New Headquarters – Al Bahr Tower
The design concept for AHR’s innovative design is derived from an formed by Islamic principles of design, that has been supplemented by the application of a dynamic translucent ‘Mashrabiya’ which opens and closes in response to the movement of the sun, increasing the heat insulation by 50%. This façade and building is an amalgamation of traditional and modern techniques.
8. Galleria centre city
This building was designed in such a manner that it gives very little away about what is inside of the building, the design is curious and fresh, it is a double layered façade, which hides the total number of floors of the building, it is a multi-use building with a media façade which is the largest one of its kind. The illuminations on the building create the kinetic look in the evening while sunlight does the job in the daytime.
9. House In Travessa Do Patrocínio , Lisbon, Portugal
This design deviates from the usual two categories of kinetic façades (mechanical façade, media façade) by a margin. The material used in this design is basic and easily available, it is made up of different layers of 25 varieties of Mediterranean plants in the number of 4500. This four floored glass box is completely transformed in aesthetics and in climate by the addition of vegetation.
10. Brisbane airport
Brisbane airport kinetic parking garage façade is an eight storey building which when viewed from outside, the entire exterior face appears to ripple fluidly as the wind activates 118,000 suspended aluminium panels, as it responds to the changing patterns of the wind. In the evening the surface of the façade is also illuminated, thus adding to the dynamic effect of its design.
11. Viking by Crown, Sydney, Australia
This kinetic façade is enhanced by its form and colour; the angles form a sharp view of the building while the colours add the much needed pop and freshness to the structure.
12. The Kiefer Technic Showroom
This showroom is one of the most excellent examples of dynamic or kinetic façade. The façade of the building expands and contracts to regulate the amount of sunlight to enter the building, it minimizes air-conditioning by its responsive design. The subtle white tones with the mechanics make the structure more striking.
13. Leawood speculative office
The Leawood speculative office in Kansas features a movable façade with perforated metal screens that regulate and control the sunlight to enter the office. The office façade design attracts viewers by nothing but sheer white intensity and the dynamic façade
14. Debenhams store
Debenhams store on the oxford street recently went through a makeover, which comprises now of 180,000 hanging brushed aluminium panels. This kinetic façade is floodlit with different light fixtures throughout the structure in the evening. Windows are not provided, thus maintaining the effect of flow.
15. Torquay house
This structure is a private house, thus to maintain the privacy the Wolveridge architects experimented with the façade of the building, in the daylight the house appears to be a block because of the timber battens as to not allow the view inside and in the evening the cube lights provide light obstructing inside view and maintaining the clients privacy.
16. Optical glass house
This house in downtown Hiroshima has a pure glass block façade which is supported on stainless steel rods. This design lets light enter and scatter inside adding to the freshness of the rest of the design while also creating a waterfall like illusion to the viewer.
17. Sperone Westwater gallery
This gallery is one of its kind as the gallery has a milled glass façade, which controls outdoor noise from entering or disturbing the gallery. It allows viewers to have a different experience even if you visit the gallery or look at it while passing by, the viewers are taken to different floors or rather moved upwards, and thus that movement is seen through the milled glass surface as the rouge coloured lift travels.
18. Breath box
The duality of wind and sea is explored in this design in France, 300 mirrors are attached to the main wall which reflect the calmness of the sea while when wind enters the chaos is reflected. This structure is a visual and sensory treat as we enter it; it is an exploration shelter and is installed for just that purpose.
19. The Penumbra
This kinetic day lighting system was invented by Tyler short and installed first in the University of Oregon. These shades can be hung vertically down much like our daily horizontal blinders, yet these vertical louvers can be turned to east or west side according to the direction of the sun. These shading devices are not only functionally efficient but also remove the dullness of a building structure.
20. The quilted cube
The quilted cube is a mixed use building constructed in Barcelona. This building has two layers to its façade that inflate or deflate according to the sunlight. The south façade has 104 cushions and an ETFE membrane. This membrane is connected to each cushion which allows only desired amount of sunlight to enter.