Modern architecture emerged at the end of the 19th century from revolutions in technology, engineering, and building materials, and from a desire to break away from historical architectural styles and to invent something that was purely functional and new.  This list includes all the modern house styles which emerged by taking inspiration from modern architecture but have their own unique definition and characteristics. 1-26 in the list are the styles classified on the basis of general characteristics and in a broader sense whereas 27-35 are the modern house styles classified on the basis of a specific element in house design or plan.

1. Art Deco

Art Deco originated in the 1920s. Art Deco design represented modernism turned into fashion. The intention was to create a sleek and anti-traditional elegance that symbolized wealth and sophistication. KEY ELEMENTS:

  • Flat roofs.
  • Smooth walls. The walls of art deco homes are often made of smooth stucco and have rounded corners.
  • Bold exterior decorations. Buildings in the style were often decorated with zigzags, swans, lilies, and sunrise motifs.
  • Experimentation with interior materials. Art deco designers used “new” materials such as glass block, neon, chrome, mirrors, and opaque glass panels.
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GENERAL EXAMPLES OF EXTERIOR INTERIOR

2. International Style

The International Style is a major architectural style that was developed in the 1920s and 1930s and was closely related to modernism and modern architecture.  This modern house style includes great works like villa savoye by Le Corbusier.

Exterior

  • Rectangular shape
  • Flat roof
  • Utilitarian materials such as concrete, steel, and glass
  • Smooth, untextured surfaces
  • Rounded corners
  • A “weightless” quality, as if parts are floating

Interior

  • One or more stories
  • Open floor plans
  • Continuation of utilitarian materials (e.g. concrete floors)
  • Large, floor-to-ceiling windows
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VILLA SAVOYE EXTERIOR AND INTERIOR

3. Mid – Century Modern

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GLASSHOUSE INTERIOR AND EXTERIOR

Mid-Century Modern denotes a modern house style of design that was popularized from the 1930s through the 1960s. This style includes great works like glasshouse by Philip Johnson, Farnsworth house by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe.

Important elements of this style:

  • Flat plane
  • Big window
  • Naturally integrated
  • Warm and natural colors
  • Minimalism
  • Clear separation with the openness

4. Streamline Modern

Streamline Modern is an international style of Art Deco architecture and design that emerged in the 1930s. It was inspired by aerodynamic design. Streamline architecture emphasized curving forms, long horizontal lines, and sometimes nautical elements. It is a modern house style quite without ornament, apart from stringcourses and other trim emphasizing the horizontality of the design. Roofs are flat and parapeted. Walls, brick or concrete, are usually plastered. Glass block is much used for translucency and textural contrast.

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Streamline Modern

5. Post – Modern

Postmodern architecture is a style or movement which emerged in the 1960s as a reaction against the austerity, formality, and lack of variety of modern architecture. One of the most prominent examples of a postmodern house is venturi house by Robert Venturi.

  • Classical motifs
  • Literary allusions
  • Bright colors
  • Structural variety and asymmetry
  • Variety of materials and shapes
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VENTURI HOUSE EXTERIOR AND INTERIOR

6. Brutalist

Brutalist architecture, or Brutalism, is an architectural style that emerged in the mid-20th century and gained popularity in the late 1950s and 1960s. some of its features are:

  • Rough surfaces
  • Massive forms
  • Unusual shapes
  • Expression of structure
  • Blocky appearance
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GENERAL EXAMPLES OF INTERIOR AND EXTERIOR OF BRUTALIST HOME

7. Futuristic

Futurist architecture is an early-20th century form of architecture born in Italy, characterized by strong chromaticism, long dynamic lines, suggesting speed, motion, urgency, and lyricism

four main components of Futurist architecture:

  • Movement
  • Technology
  • Natural materials
  • Science
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DUPLI CASA INTERIOR

8. Deconstructivist

Deconstructivism is a movement of postmodern architecture that appeared in the 1980s. It gives the impression of the fragmentation of the constructed building. It is characterized by an absence of harmony, continuity, or symmetry. Besides fragmentation, Deconstructivism often manipulates the structure’s surface skin and creates non-rectilinear shapes that appear to distort and dislocate elements of architecture. The finished visual appearance is characterized by unpredictability and controlled chaos.

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HOUSE BY FRANK GEHRY, EXTERIOR, AND INTERIOR

9. Constructivist

Constructivist architecture, or ‘constructivism’, is a form of modern architecture that developed in the Soviet Union in the 1920s. The main characteristic of constructivism was the application of 3D cubism to abstract and non-objective elements. This modern house style incorporated straight lines, cylinders, cubes, and rectangles. The possibilities of modern materials were also explored, such as steel frames that supported large areas of glazing, exposed rather than concealed building joints, balconies, and sun decks.

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Constructivist

10. Sustainable Architecture

Sustainable architecture is the architecture that seeks to minimize the negative environmental impact of buildings by efficiency and moderation in the use of materials, energy, and development space and the ecosystem at large.

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P.AT.H HOUSE BY PHILIP STARK, EXTERIOR, AND INTERIOR

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Author

Chitsimran Kaur relates to what Buckminster Fuller once said, that “Whenever I draw a circle, I immediately want to step out of it.” and therefore is on her inceptive period of learning and exploring architecture.

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