Floating architecture is a building system that stands on water using a specific structural system and provides contextual space for humans. The concept of floating architecture currently appears to answer the increasing depletion of land on land and reduce deforestation. Floating architecture also allows the use of buoyant knowledge to ensure buildings can float safely. Archimedes law is used as a basic principle of floating architecture. Uniquely, the ship’s structure system can also be a design precedent in its design. Moreover, floating buildings will also provide different space experiences for their users. Then, here are some examples of Floating Architecture that we can know about :
1. Pavilion of Reflection
This pavilion was built in 2016 by Tom Emerson’s Studio. It is located in Switzerland and stands right above the lake. This pavilion has a function as a public communal space that provides a film screening area. Then, Tom Emerson and his team implemented a handmade structure so that it was easy to do together.
2. Canal Swimmer’s Club
This floating platform stands on a canal in Brudge, Belgium. This platform was built based on a fairly good tourism aspect in Brudge. Lots of tourists visit Brudge every year. Atelier Bow-Wow and Architectuuratelier Dertien12 worked together to design Canal Swimmer’s Club. Canal Swimmer’s Club provides public facilities for swimming, sunbathing and communal activities. This platform uses a pontoon structure that floats in water to support the load on it. Then, the concept of this platform is to connect the habits of the people with the habits of water. Remarkably, with the construction of this platform, the water quality in this canal has improved.
3. Floating House
Designed by Friday SA in 2015, this house building stands on water. This house building uses the concept of modularity and mobility. Where this house is equipped with two small motors that allow it to move at 3 knots. In addition, this house is designed using environmentally friendly materials such as carbon prints. Then, for the treatment of waste, this house has a wastewater treatment plant.
4. Antiroom II
Antiroom II was designed by Elena Chiavi, Ahmad El Mad, and Matteo Goldoni in Malta. To reach this platform, users must travel by swimming or driving a boat. This floating platform has the concept of unreachable from the ground to create beyond the reach of humanity. Then, the platform remains light and gentle instantly. Users will feel the sensation of the wind and breathe with a different atmosphere of the sea.
5. Jellyfish Barge
Against a background of increasing population on earth, Christiana Favretto and Antonia Giraridi from Studiomobile tried to create a floating building design. Where this building can produce its food and clean water. Besides, it also has a low price and is easy to build. Jellyfish barge uses recycled plastic drums as a floating foundation. With the basic shape of an octagon, the Jellyfish Barge uses a wooden structure on its foundation. Also, for electrical energy, the Jellyfish Barge uses photovoltaic panels on the roof.
6. Makoko Floating School
This school was designed by Kunle Adeyemi, a Nigerian architect. The Makoko Floating School has a height of 10 meters with an A shape. The triangle shape is used to apply gravity relativity. Then, this building consists of 3 floors where on the first floor is a play area, the second floor is a classroom, and the third floor is a communal space. Moreover. The Makoko Floating School was built using 16 wooden structures and 16 empty plastic drums.
7. Oceanix City
Bjarke Ingels Group has designed a floating city concept that can survive in extreme climates. He called it Oceanix City. Where consisting of islands with buoyant principles floating to form 1650 residents. It is estimated Oceanix City can accommodate 10,000 citizens. Bjarke Ingels uses the concept of modular order and rationality. The hope, Oceanix city can provide human habitats that are adaptive to rising sea levels and reduce deforestation on land.
Waterwoningen is a line of floating houses designed by Architectenbureau Marlies Rohmer. This floating house building has a basement and on the first floor has a cantilever. This row of floating houses allows closeness between neighbors. The structure uses an anchor and steel polishing system. Then, for its clean water system, Waterwoningen uses a simple water pump that can treat the surrounding water.