Dublin, the capital of Ireland is located on the banks of the River Liffey. In the 17th Century the city expanded rapidly and was the second-largest city in the British Empire before the Acts of Union in 1800. From esteemed Trinity College to Guinness Brewery, Dublin is home to many great places. From the Medieval age to the modern age, this city has encountered all ages of history.
1. DUBLIN CASTLE
Dublin Castle was built by the orders of King John of England in 1204. The castle was bounded with thick and large fortified walls with each corner protected with round towers accompanied by a central square. It was rebuilt in many times due to damages happened due to several reasons.
2. JAMES JOYCE TOWER AND MUSEUM
Once built to withstand an invasion of Napoleans, the James Joyce Tower is from one of the Martello towers. This tower has a museum dedicated to famous Irish writer James Joyce. It also includes a resemblance of an indoor decor of 1904.
3. THE CUSTOM HOUSE
This neo-classical building from the 18th century houses the department of Housing and Planning. It was built by Irish architect James Gandon. The building is intricately carved indoors as well as outdoors. The four facades of the building are connected by corner pavilions. It is embellished by sculptures and coat arms by Thomas Banks, Agostino Carlini, and Edward Smyth.
4. GUINNESS STOREHOUSE
Built-in 1902, this building is Europe’s first steel-framed multi-storey building. It was built by the Chicago School of Architecture. The present building was a brewery until 1988. Later the building was redesigned by UK based firm Imagination in collaboration with Dublin based architects RKD.
5. THE CONVENTION CENTER
Designed by Irish born American architect Kevin Roche, this building is the world’s first carbon-neutral convention center. It features a thermal wheel heat recovery system and an ice storage thermal unit in order to provide air conditioning in the building. Due to its curved form, elements, and building material, It is also nicknamed as “Tube in the cube”. This building is one of the finest examples of modern architecture in Ireland.
Designed as a sign of modern architecture in its era, this structure was designed by architect Michael Scott and his team.Áras Mhic Dhiarmada (“Mac Diarmada House”) is the official name of the building. It was one of the first modern buildings in Ireland that tried to include art and architecture which lead it to win the Royal Institute of Architects of Ireland (RIAI) Triennial Gold medal in 1955.
7. LEINSTER HOUSE
This building was once the residence of the Dukes of Leinster which later got converted to a public building. The building is the meeting place of Dáil Éireann and Seanad Éireann, the two houses of the Oireachtas (the legislature of Ireland). It also served as parliament building before it served as headquarters to Royal Dublin society.
8. CHRIST CHURCH CATHEDRAL
Christ Church is officially claimed as the seat (cathedra) of both the Church of Ireland and Roman Catholic archbishops of Dublin. This Gothic-style church was built in 1172 was originally a small cathedral in the year 1038. The cathedral has undergone many restorations and renovations mainly by British architect George Edmund Street due to which the existing building resembles more of Victorian style.
9. TRINITY COLLEGE
One of the esteemed campuses of the world, Trinity College was designed mainly by English architects Henry Keene and John Sanderson. Due to its architecture and planning, it also lists in one of the most beautiful campuses in the world.
10. CASINO, MARINO
Considered as one of the finest examples of eighteenth-century neoclassical style architecture, is served as a ‘pleasure house’ for James Caulfield. Resembling like a small structure, this house has 16 large rooms inside. It was designed by architect William Chambers. The house is named as the casino which means “small house” in Italian. The house has also some array of mysterious alcoves, rooms, and carvings on the walls.
11. THE MANSION HOUSE
It was built in 1710 by property developer Joshua Dawson as his townhouse. It is the oldest free-standing house and has the rarest of Queen Anne style architecture in Dublin. The Mansion House is now the official residence of the Lord Mayor of Dublin during the term of office.
12. BORD GAIS ENERGY THEATRE
Designed by the legendary architect Daniel Libeskind, this structure is one of the finest and most recent examples of modern architecture in the city. The theatre has a capacity of over 2,000 people and hosts various concerts, dramas, operas and musicals. The theatre is surrounded by the landscape designs of Martha Schwartz Partners and office buildings also designed by Studio Daniel Libeskind. Due to its diamond-shaped structure, the theatre becomes a focal point on the Grand Canal Square.
13. 14 HENRIETTA STREET
This street is a perfect place if one wants to go through the various ages of architecture in Dublin. From the early to mid 18th century this street consists of a house of the most wealthy people of the city. The Dublin City council started acquiring the street as part of the Conservation of Monumental buildings in the year 2000.
14. SAMUEL BECKETT BRIDGE
Designed by the great architect Santiago Calatrava, this bridge is named after Irish poet Beckett. The structure is inspired from a flipping coin and replicating the image of the Irish spinning harp through the air. The main span of the bridge is supported by 31 cable stays from a doubly back-stayed single forward arc tubular tapered spar. With the help of rotational mechanism, the bridge also opens up to 90 degrees, which allows the ships to pass by.
15. THE MUSEUM BUILDING AT TRINITY COLLEGE
This building was designed by architects Thomas Newenham Deane and Benjamin Woodward and was inspired by Venice’s Byzantine architecture and finished in Lombardo-Romanesque detailing. With a series of Romanesque arches and a large domed central hall, this building also has 14 full columns and eight half-columns which adds beauty to the interiors.